List of wars 1945–89


Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents
Victorious party (if applicable) Defeated party (if applicable)
1945 Ongoing Korean conflict
1945 1946 War in Vietnam (1945–46) Viet Minh  United Kingdom
1945 1949 Indonesian National Revolution  Indonesia  Netherlands
 United Kingdom (until 1946)
 Japan (until 1946)
1945 1946 Iran crisis of 1946 Iran Republic of Mahabad
Azerbaijan People's Republic
1946 1954 First Indochina War
Indochina Wars
Viet Minh
Pathet Lao
Khmer Issarak
United Issarak Front
 Soviet Union
French Union
French Fourth Republic
State of Vietnam
 Kingdom of Laos
 United States
1946 1949 Greek Civil War  Kingdom of Greece

 United Kingdom

Provisional Democratic Government

NOF partisans

1947 1947 Paraguayan Civil War (1947) Paraguayan Government
Military of Paraguay
Colorado Party
Liberal Party
1947 1947 Integration of Junagadh  India Junagadh
1947 1948 Indo-Pakistani War of 1947  India  Pakistan
1947 1948 Malagasy Uprising  France Malagasy rebels
1947 1948 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine Jews of Palestine Arabs of Palestine
1948 1948 Madiun Affair
Part of the Indonesian National Revolution
 Indonesia People's Democratic Front
Indonesian Socialist Party
1948 1948 Operation Polo  India Royal State of Hyderabad
1948 1948 Costa Rican Civil War National Liberation Army Government of Costa Rica
1948 1948 Yeosu–Suncheon rebellion  South Korea Communist Rebels
1948 1949 Jeju uprising  South Korea Workers' Party of South Korea
1948 1950 Pre-Korean War insurgency[1]  South Korea
1948 1949 1948 Arab–Israeli War  Israel  Egypt
1948 Ongoing Internal conflict in Burma Union government (1948–1962)

Military governments (1962–2011)

Myanmar Current government (since 2011)

DKBA (1994–2010)

Anti-government factions:

KNU (since 1949)

Communist Party (1948–1988)

MNDAA (since 1989)
NDAA (since 1989)
SSA (since 1988)

SSNA (1995–2005) WNA (1975–1988)
UWSP (since 1988)

KIO (since 1961)

PNO (1949–1991)
MTA (1985-1996)
God's Army (1997–2006)
ABSDF (Since 1980s-)
SSVF (1967–1980)
RNA (since 1998)

TNLA (since 1992)

Supported by:
ROC (1948–1980s)
 United States
China PRC

1948 1958 La Violencia
1948 1960 Malayan Emergency  United Kingdom
 New Zealand
Federation of Malaya
 Southern Rhodesia
King's African Rifles
Nepali Gurkhas
1949 1949 Palace Rebellion  Thailand Supporters of Pridi Phanomyong
1949 1961 Kuomintang insurgency  People's Republic of China  Taiwan
1949 1965 Darul Islam Insurgency
Part of the Indonesian National Revolution
Darul Islam


Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents
Victorious party (if applicable) Defeated party (if applicable)
1950 1950 Battle of Chamdo  People's Republic of China  Tibet
1950 1950 Makassar Uprising
Part of the Indonesian National Revolution
 Indonesia Ambonese Veterans
1950 1950 APRA coup d'état
Part of the Indonesian National Revolution
Legion of Ratu Adil
1950 1950 Utuado Uprising  United States Puerto Rican Nationalist Party
1950 1950 San Juan Nationalist revolt  United States Puerto Rican Nationalist Party
1950 1950 Jayuya Uprising  United States Puerto Rican Nationalist Party
1950 1953[2] Korean War
Part of the Korean conflict
1950 1958 Kuomintang Islamic insurgency  People's Republic of China  Republic of China
1951 1951 Manhattan Rebellion  Thailand Rebel naval units
1952 1960 Mau Mau Uprising  United Kingdom Mau Mau
1953 1959 Cuban Revolution 26th of July Movement Batista Government
1954 1954 Coup d'état of Yanaon French India Indian Separatists
1953 1975 Laotian Civil War Pathet Lao
 North Vietnam
 Kingdom of Laos
 United States
 South Vietnam
1954 1959 Jebel Akhdar War Sultanate of Muscat and Oman
  • Ibriyin tribe
Imamate of Oman
1954 1962 Algerian War FLN
1955 1972 First Sudanese Civil War SSLM
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
Republic of the Sudan
Democratic Republic of the Sudan
1955 1975 Vietnam War North Vietnam
Khmer Rouge
Khmer Issarak
Pathet Lao
 North Korea
 South Vietnam
 United States
 South Korea
 New Zealand
 Kingdom of Laos
 Khmer Republic
 Turkey (Medical Support)
1956 1956 Quỳnh Lưu Uprising North Vietnam Anti-communist rebels
1956 1956 Poznań Uprising People's Republic of Poland Strike Committee
1956 1956 Hungarian Revolution of 1956  Soviet Union
State Protection Authority
Hungarian revolutionaries
1956 1956 Suez Crisis  Israel[5]
 United Kingdom
1957 1958 Ifni War  Spain
1958 1958 1958 Lebanon crisis  Lebanon
 United States


1958 1958 14 July Revolution Iraq Free Officers Arab Federation Arab Federation
1958 1959 North Vietnamese invasion of Laos
Part of the Vietnam War and the Laotian Civil War
 North Vietnam  Kingdom of Laos
1958 1961 Permesta  Indonesia Permesta rebels
1959 1959 1959 Mosul uprising Iraq Iraq United Arab Republic Arab nationalist rebels
1959 1959 1959 Tibetan uprising  People's Republic of China  Tibet

Chushi Gangdruk

1959 1965 Escambray Rebellion  Cuba Anti-communist guerrillas
1959 2011 Basque conflict  Spain
Basque National Liberation Movement
ETA (pm)


Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents
Victorious party (if applicable) Defeated party (if applicable)
1960 1960 1960 Ethiopian coup attempt  Ethiopian Empire Kebur Zabangna
1960 1961 Campaign at the China–Burma Border  People's Republic of China
National Revolutionary Army
1960 1965 Congo Crisis 1960–63:

Democratic Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo

Supported by:
 Soviet Union (1960)

Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Supported by:
 United States


 South Kasai

Supported by:
 Union of South Africa
Democratic Republic of the Congo Stanleyville government
Simba and Kwilu rebels

Supported by:

1960 1996 Guatemalan Civil War Guatemalan military URNG
1960 Ongoing South Thailand insurgency  Thailand National Revolution Front (BRN)
Runda Kumpulan Kecil (RKK)
Pattani Islamic Mujahideen Movement (GMIP)
United Mujahideen Front of Pattani (BBMP)
Islamic Front for the Liberation of Pattani (BIPP)
Patani United Liberation Organisation (PULO)
Jemaah Islamiyah (JI)
1960 Ongoing Xinjiang conflict
1961 1990 Nicaraguan Revolution FSLN Contras
Somoza government
1961 1970 First Iraqi–Kurdish War KDP Republic of Iraq
Syrian Arab Republic
1961 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion  Cuba  United States
Cuban exiles
1961 1961 Bizerte crisis  France  Tunisia
1961 1962 Operation Trikora  Indonesia  Netherlands
1961 1991 Eritrean War of Independence EPLF
 Soviet Union
 South Yemen
1961 1961 Indian annexation of Goa  India  Portugal
1961 1975 Angolan War of Independence
Part of the Portuguese Colonial War
 South Africa
1962 1964 Tuareg rebellion (1962–64)  Mali Tuareg guerrillas
1962 1970 North Yemen Civil War  Yemen Arab Republic
 Egypt (until 1967)
Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen
Supported by:
 Saudi Arabia
 United Kingdom
1962 1962 Sino-Indian War  China  India
1962 1990 Sarawak Communist Insurgency  United Kingdom
North Kalimantan Communist Party
1962 1976 Dhofar Rebellion  Oman
 United Kingdom
DLF (1962–1968)
PFLOAG (1968–1974)
NDFLOAG (1969–1971)
PFLO (1974–1976)
1963 1963 Sand War  Morocco  Algeria
1963 1963 Ramadan Revolution Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party Iraq Iraq
Iraqi Communist Party
1963 1963 November 1963 Iraqi coup d'état Iraq Nasserist rebels Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party
1963 1963 1963 Syrian coup d'état Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region Syria Syria
1963 1966 Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation  Malaysia
 United Kingdom
 New Zealand
1963 1967 Shifta War  Kenya Northern Frontier District Liberation Movement
1963 1970 Bale Revolt  Ethiopian Empire Oromo Peasants
Somali Peasants
1963 1974 Guinea-Bissau War of Independence
Part of the Portuguese Colonial War
PAIGC  Portugal
1963 1967 Aden Emergency NLF
 United Kingdom
Federation of South Arabia Federation of South Arabia
1964 1979 Rhodesian Bush War ZANU
 Zimbabwe Rhodesia
1964 1992 FULRO insurgency against Vietnam  North Vietnam (1964-1976)
Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam Viet Cong
 South Vietnam
 Vietnam (after 1976)
United Front for the Liberation of Oppressed Races
1964 2016 Colombian conflict (1964–present)  Colombia FARC
1964 1974 Mozambican War of Independence
Part of the Portuguese Colonial War
FRELIMO  Portugal
1964 Ongoing Insurgency in Northeast India  India NSCN
1964 1964 Zanzibar Revolution Afro-Shirazi Party
Umma Party
 Sultanate of Zanzibar
1965 1965 30 September Movement  Indonesia Thirtieth of September Movement
1965 1965 Dominican Civil War (CEFA) Dominican Armed Forces Training Center
(SIM) Dominican Military Intelligence Service
 United States
(IAPF) Inter-American Peace Force
Dominican Armed Forces Constitutionalists
PRD partisans
1965 1966 American occupation of the Dominican Republic (1965–66)  United States
Inter-American Peace Force:
 Costa Rica
 El Salvador
 Dominican Republic
1965 1965 Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani Wars
 India[7][8][9]  Pakistan
1965 1983 Communist insurgency in Thailand  Thailand Communist party of Thailand
1965 1979 Chadian Civil War (1965–79) FROLINAT
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Libya
1966 1969 Korean DMZ Conflict (1966–69)
Part of the Korean conflict
South Korea
 United States
 North Korea
1966 1967 Ñancahuazú Guerrilla War  Bolivia
 United States
Ejército de Liberación Nacional
1966 1989 South African Border War  Angola
Umkhonto we Sizwe
 South Africa
1967 1967 Nathu La and Cho La incidents  India  China
1967 1967 Six-Day War  Israel  Egypt
Arab Expeditionary Forces:
 Saudi Arabia
1967 1968 1967 Kurdish revolt in Iran Iran Iran Kurdish tribeman
1967 1974 Araguaia Guerrilla War Brazil Brazilian military government Communist Party of Brazil
1967 1975 Cambodian Civil War National United Front of Kampuchea
Khmer Rouge
 North Vietnam
Viet Cong
 Khmer Republic
 United States
 South Vietnam
1967 1970 Nigerian Civil War  Nigeria  Biafra
1967 1970 War of Attrition  Israel  Egypt
 Soviet Union
1967 Ongoing Naxalite–Maoist insurgency  India Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Naxalbari

Communist Party of United States of India
Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) New Democracy
Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) (Mahadev Mukherjee)
Centre of Indian Communists (until 1977)
People's Liberation Army of Manipur
Tamil Nadu Liberation Army
Purbo Banglar Communist Party

1968 1989 Communist insurgency in Malaysia (1968–89)  Malaysia
Malayan Communist Party
1968 1998 The Troubles  United Kingdom PIRA
1968 1982 Years of Lead (Italy)  Italy Far-left terrorist

Far-right terrorist

1968 1968 Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia  Soviet Union
People's Republic of Bulgaria
 East Germany
People's Republic of Hungary
People's Republic of Poland
Czechoslovak Socialist Republic
1969 Ongoing Civil conflict in the Philippines Philippines Philippines
 United States
Indonesia Government of Indonesia
Malaysia Government of Malaysia
Communist Party

Moro people:


1969 Ongoing Insurgency of the Communist Party of the Philippines Philippines Philippines
 United States[10]
Anti-communist militia
  • Alsa Masa (1986–?)
MLPP- RHB [11]
APP [11]
RPA [11]
ABB [11]
CPLA [11]

 People's Republic of China (1969–1976)
 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (1980s–2011)
 North Korea (Alleged)
 Vietnam (1980s)

1969 Ongoing Moro insurgency in the Philippines  Philippines

Supported by:
 United States (advisers)
 Malaysia (since 2001)

Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF)
Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) (until 2014)
Ampatuan militias[13]

Former support:
 Egypt (to MILF)[14]
Libya Libya (to MNLF)[15][16][17][18]
 Malaysia (to MNLF and MILF)[19][20]
Rajah Sulaiman Movement
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Khalifa Islamiyah Mindanao[21]

Other MILF rogue factions

  • Justice for Islamic Movement

Supported by:
14K Triad (to ASG)[24][25]
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant[26]

1969 1969 Football War  El Salvador  Honduras
1969 1969 Al-Wadiah War  Saudi Arabia  South Yemen
1969 1969 Sino-Soviet border conflict  Soviet Union  China
1969 Ongoing Papua conflict  Indonesia Free Papua Movement


Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents
Victorious party (if applicable) Defeated party (if applicable)
1970 1971 Black September in Jordan  Jordan  PLO
1970 1972 Reggio revolt  Italy Christian Democracy
Italian Social Movement
Italian Social Democratic Party
National Italian Workers' Union
Italian General Confederation of Labour
1970 1982 Dirty War (Mexico)  Mexico
Party of the Poor
Liga Comunista 23 de Septiembre
1971 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War
Indo-Pakistani Wars
Provisional Government of Bangladesh
1971 1972 1971 Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna Insurrection  Ceylon JVP
1971 1971 Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Bangladesh Liberation War and the Indo-Pakistani Wars
 India[29][30][31]  Pakistan
1972 1974 First Eritrean Civil War EPLF ELF
1972 1975 1972-1975 Bangladesh insurgency  Bangladesh Bangladesh Gonobahini

Purba Banglar Sarbahara Party

1973 1973 Yom Kippur War  Israel  Egypt
Combat support:
1973 1990 Armed resistance in Chile (1973–90)  Chile Revolutionary Left Movement
Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front
Lautaro Youth Movement
1974 1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus  Turkey  Cyprus
1974 1974 Battle of the Paracel Islands  China  South Vietnam
1974 1991 Ethiopian Civil War EPRP
Ethiopian government
 East Germany
 Soviet Union
 North Korea
1974 1975 Second Iraqi–Kurdish War Ba'athist Iraq KDP
1975 2002 Angolan Civil War MPLA
 Soviet Union
 East Germany
 South Africa
United States
1975 Ongoing Cabinda War  Angola
 East Germany
 Soviet Union
1975 1991 Western Sahara War
Part of the Western Sahara conflict
 Mauritania (1975–1979)
 France (1977–1978)
Polisario Front
 Algeria (1976)
1975 1979 PUK insurgency  Iraq PUK
1975 1990 Lebanese Civil War LF
 Syria (until 1976)
Tigers Militia
 Israel (1982)
 United States
LNM (until 1982)
LNRF (from 1982)
 PLO (1978–1983)
1975 1989 Cambodian–Vietnamese War  Vietnam
Democratic Kampuchea
United States
1975 2007 Insurgency in Laos  Laos
Hmong insurgents
 United States
1975 1975 Indonesian invasion of East Timor  Indonesia FRETILIN / Falintil
1976 1983 Dirty War  Argentina Montoneros
1976 2005 Insurgency in Aceh  Indonesia Free Aceh Movement
1977 1992 Mozambican Civil War FRELIMO RENAMO
1977 1977 Libyan–Egyptian War  Egypt  Libya
1977 1978 Ethio-Somali War Ethiopia
South Yemen
 Soviet Union
1977 1997 Chittagong Hill Tracts conflict  Bangladesh Shanti Bahini
1977 1977 Shaba I  Zaire
State of Katanga FNLC
1978 1978 Shaba II  Zaire
 United States
State of Katanga FNLC
1978 1978 1978 South Lebanon conflict  Israel
1978 1979 Uganda–Tanzania War  Tanzania
1978 1987 Chadian–Libyan conflict CAF
1978 Ongoing Turkey–PKK conflict  Turkey
1978 1982 NDF Rebellion  North Yemen NDF
1979 1979 Grand Mosque seizure  Saudi Arabia al-Ikhwan
1979 1979 1979 Herat uprising Democratic Republic of Afghanistan Army mutineers
1979 1979 Yemenite War of 1979  North Yemen  South Yemen
1979 1979 1979 Khuzestan uprising  Iran APCO


1979 1979 Sino-Vietnamese War  Vietnam  China
1979 1990 Sino-Vietnamese conflicts 1979–90  Vietnam  China
1979 1982 Islamist uprising in Syria  Syria Muslim Brotherhood of Syria
1979 1983 1979 Kurdish rebellion in Iran  Iran KDP-I
1979 1988 Al-Ansar Insurgency  Iraq Iraqi Communist Party
1979 1989 Soviet war in Afghanistan  Soviet Union
Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
Peshawar Seven
Tehran Eight
1979 1992 Salvadoran Civil War Salvadoran government FMLN


Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents
Victorious party (if applicable) Defeated party (if applicable)
1980 1980 Nojeh coup plot  Iran Royalist Officers
1980 Ongoing Internal conflict in Peru  Peru
Rondas Campesinas
Shining Path
Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement
1980 1988 Iran–Iraq War  Iraq
1980 1981 Second Eritrean Civil War Eritrean People's Liberation Front Eritrean Liberation Front
1981 1981 Paquisha War  Peru  Ecuador
1981 1981 1981 Gambian coup d'état attempt  Gambia
National Revolutionary Council
1981 1981 1981 Entumbane Uprising  Zimbabwe ZIPRA
1981 1986 Ugandan Bush War National Resistance Army Uganda National Liberation Army
1982 2014 Casamance conflict  Senegal
Casamance Movement of Democratic Forces of Casamance
1982 1982 Falklands War  United Kingdom  Argentina
1982 1982 1982 Amol uprising  Iran Union of Iranian Communists
1982 1982 Ndogboyosoi War  Sierra Leone SLPP
1982 2000 1982 Lebanon War
Security Zone conflict
Lebanon SLA
Lebanon Lebanese Front
Syria Syria
Lebanon Jammoul
1982 1982 1982 Ethiopian–Somali Border War  Somalia  Ethiopia
Somali Salvation Democratic Front
1983 1983 Invasion of Grenada  United States
 Antigua and Barbuda
 Saint Lucia
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
1983 2009 Sri Lankan Civil War  Sri Lanka
India (1987–1990)
Tamil Tigers
1983 2005 Second Sudanese Civil War SPLA
Anyanya II
Eastern Coalition
1983 1985 Kurdish rebellion of 1983
Part of the Iran–Iraq War
Iraq Kurdistan Democratic Party KDP
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan PUK
1984 1987 Siachen conflict  India[36][37][38]  Pakistan
1984 1995 Insurgency in Punjab  India Khalistani militants
1985 1985 Agacher Strip War  Mali  Burkina Faso
1986 1986 South Yemen Civil War People's Democratic Republic of Yemen Abdul Fattah Ismail's faction People's Democratic Republic of Yemen Ali Nasir Muhammad's faction
1986 1992 Suriname Guerrilla War  Suriname Junglecommando
1986 1989 Tucayana Amazonas Insurgency  Suriname Tucayana Amazonas
1987 1987 1987 Sino-Indian skirmish  India  China
1987 1991 Singing Revolution
1987 1988 Thai–Laotian Border War  Laos
1987 Ongoing Lord's Resistance Army insurgency  Uganda
 South Sudan
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
United Nations MONUC
 Central African Republic
Lord's Resistance Army
1988 1998 Bougainville Civil War Autonomous Region of Bougainville Bougainville Revolutionary Army  Papua New Guinea
1988 1994 Nagorno-Karabakh War  Nagorno-Karabakh
1989 1991 Mauritania–Senegal Border War  Mauritania  Senegal
1989 1990 United States invasion of Panama  United States  Panama
1989 1992 Civil war in Afghanistan (1989–92)
part of the war in afghanistan(1978-present)
Mujahideen Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
1989 1989 Romanian Revolution of 1989 Anti-Ceaușescu protestors
Romanian Army
Dissident members of the Communist Party
Socialist Republic of Romania
Securitate and other loyalist forces
1989 1996 First Liberian Civil War National Patriotic Front of Liberia Armed Forces of Liberia
 United Nations
Independent National Patriotic Front of Liberia
1989 1996 KDPI insurgency (1989–96) Iran Government of Iran KDP-I
1989 Ongoing Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir
Part of the Kashmir conflict
 India Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami

Hizbul Mujahideen
Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front


  1. Frank, R.B.; Clark, W.K. (2007). MacArthur: A Biography. St. Martin's Press. p. 150. ISBN 9780230610767. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  2. US State Department statement regarding "Korea: Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission" and the Armistice Agreement "which ended the Korean War."
  3. "Českoslovenští lékaři stáli v korejské válce na straně KLDR. Jejich mise stále vyvolává otazníky" (in Czech). Czech Radio. 11 April 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  4. "Romania's "Fraternal Support" to North Korea during the Korean War, 1950–1953". Wilson Centre. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
  5. "Israel Routs Egypt"
  6. "Nasser lost the war in military terms"
  7. "Pakistan :: The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965". Library of Congress Country Studies, United States of America. April 1994. Retrieved 2 October 2010.
  8. Silent Guns, Wary Combatants, 1 October 1965, TIME Magazine
  9. Hagerty, Devin. South Asia in world politics. Rowman & Littlefield, 2005. ISBN 0-7425-2587-2.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5
  11. "Does Supply-Induced Scarcity Drive Violent Conflicts in the African Sahel? The Case of the Tuareg Rebellion in Northern Mali" (Nov., 2008) Journal of Peace Research Vol. 45, No. 6
  12. Karlos Manlupig. "Mamasapano: Sleepy town roused by SAF-MILF clash". Rappler. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  13. "Khadafy admits aiding Muslim seccesionists". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 5 August 1986. p. 2.
  14. Paul J. Smith (21 September 2004). Terrorism and Violence in Southeast Asia: Transnational Challenges to States and Regional Stability. M.E. Sharpe. pp. 194–. ISBN 978-0-7656-3626-3.
  15. William Larousse (1 January 2001). A Local Church Living for Dialogue: Muslim-Christian Relations in Mindanao-Sulu, Philippines : 1965-2000. Gregorian Biblical BookShop. pp. 151 & 162. ISBN 978-88-7652-879-8.
  16. Michelle Ann Miller (2012). Autonomy and Armed Separatism in South and Southeast Asia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 291–. ISBN 978-981-4379-97-7.
  17. Tan, Andrew T/H. (2009). A Handbook of Terrorism and Insurgency in Southeast Asia. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. pp. 230, 238. ISBN 1847207189.
  18. Isak Svensson (27 November 2014). International Mediation Bias and Peacemaking: Taking Sides in Civil Wars. Routledge. pp. 69–. ISBN 978-1-135-10544-0.
  19. Kristine Angeli Sabillo. "New al-Qaeda-inspired group eyed in Mindanao blasts—terror expert". Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  20. "MILF says MNLF joins fray on side of BIFM". Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  21. "Abu Sayyaf Group (Philippines, Islamist separatists)". Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  22. "Note : August 10, 2000, Philippine Daily Inquirer, Source says some groups took cuts on P9-M payoff, by Donna S. Cueto,". Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  23. Miani 2011, p. 74.
  24. Peter Bergen, CNN National Security Analyst (8 March 2015). "ISIS goes global". CNN. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  25. Lyon, Peter (2008). Conflict between India and Pakistan: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 166. ISBN 978-1-57607-712-2. India's decisive victory over Pakistan in the 1971 war and emergence of independent Bangladesh dramatically transformed the power balance of South Asia
  26. Kemp, Geoffrey (2010). The East Moves West India, China, and Asia's Growing Presence in the Middle East. Brookings Institution Press. p. 52. ISBN 978-0-8157-0388-4. However, India's decisive victory over Pakistan in 1971 led the Shah to pursue closer relations with India
  27. Byman, Daniel (2005). Deadly connections: States that Sponsor Terrorism. Cambridge University Press. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-521-83973-0. India's decisive victory in 1971 led to the signing of the Simla Agreement in 1972
  28. Shazly, p. 278.
  29. Perez, Cuba, Between Reform and Revolution, pp. 377–379.
  30. Gott, Cuba, A New History, p. 280.
  31. Mahjoub Tobji (2006). Les officiers de Sa Majesté: Les dérives des généraux marocains 1956-2006. 107: Fayard. ISBN 978-2213630151.
  32. Kapur, S. Paul (Stanford University Press). Dangerous Deterrent: Nuclear Weapons Proliferation and Conflict in South Asia. Stanford University Press. p. 118. ISBN 978-0804755504. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  33. "The Himalayas War at the Top Of the World". Time. July 31, 1989.
  34. Pervez Musharraf (2006). In the Line of Fire: A Memoir. Free Press. ISBN 0-7432-8344-9.(pp. 68–69)
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