List of video game developers

This is a list of notable video game companies that have made games for either computers (like PC or Mac), video game consoles, handheld or mobile devices, and includes companies that currently exist as well as now-defunct companies.

See the list of video games for other lists relating to video games, and defunct video game companies for a more specific list of companies that no longer exist. Many of the developers publish their own games.


The following list has 27 segments in total, ranging from A to Z, and a numerical section.

0-9 - A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z
Active independently
Active as subsidiary
Defunct and no longer active


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
0verflow Tokyo Japan 1997 School Days
Summer Days
Cross Days
HEXGamesdev Alabama America 2016
1st Playable Productions Troy New York US 2005
2K Czech Brno Czech Republic 1997 Mafia
Mafia II
Subsidiary of 2K Games; previously known as Illusion Softworks
2XL Games Phoenix Arizona US 2006
343 Industries Kirkland Washington US 2009 Halo 4 Subsidiary of Microsoft Studios, took over development for the Halo franchise from Bungie
38 Studios Providence Rhode Island US 2006 Kingdoms of Amalur: Reckoning Defunct in 2012
3D Realms Garland Texas US 1987 Duke Nukem
3G Studios Reno Nevada US 2002 The Dating Game
Skate or Die
Rock Band (with Harmonix)
Started as Battleborne Entertainment in 2002 and became 3G Studios in 2006; developer of console, mobile and social games
42 Entertainment Pasadena California US 1993
4A Games Kyiv Ukraine 2005 Metro 2033
Metro: Last Light
5pb. Inc. Shibuya, Tokyo Japan 2005
5th Cell Bellevue Washington US 2003
989 Studios Foster City California US 1995


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Acclaim Entertainment Glen Cove New York US 1987 Turok Developer/Publisher; declared Bankruptcy August 2004
Accolade San José California US 1984 HardBall! series
Star Control series
Test Drive series
Former publisher and developer. Acquired by Atari, SA née Infogrames in 1999, name retired.
Access Games Osaka Japan 2002 Deadly Premonition
Access Software Salt Lake City Utah US 1982 Under a Killing Moon
The Pandora Directive
Acquired by Microsoft
ACE Team Santiago de Chile Chile 2007
Aces Studio Redmond US Microsoft Flight Simulator Acquired by Microsoft
Acheron Design Melbourne Australia 2004
Action Forms Kiev Ukraine 1995
Active Gaming Media Osaka Japan 2006 Game localization, debugging/testing, international indie game distribution, publishing
Activision Santa Monica California US 1979 Call of Duty series
Crash Bandicoot series
Spyro the Dragon series
Tony Hawk's Pro Skater series
Guitar Hero series
Skylanders series
Also video game publisher; acquired several other developers; merged with Vivendi to form Activision Blizzard in 2008
Activision Blizzard Santa Monica California US 2008 Also video game publisher; formed by merger between Activision and Vivendi Games in 2008
Adventure Soft Birmingham England 1992 Developer/publisher
Akella Moscow Russia 1995 Age of Sail II
Age of Pirates series
Sea Dogs
Aki Corporation Tokyo Japan 1995
Alfa System Kumamoto City Japan 1988
Amazon Game Studios Seattle Washington US 2012 Subsidiary of
Ancient Hino Japan 1990
Anino Games Manila Philippines 2001 Despicable Me: Minion Mania
Ankama Games Roubaix France 2001 Wakfu
AQ Interactive Tokyo Japan 2005 Defunct in 2011
Arc System Works Yokohama Japan 1988 Guilty Gear series
BlazBlue series
Arkane Studios Lyon France 1999 Arx Fatalis
Subsidiary of ZeniMax Media
Arkedo Studio Paris France 2006
ArenaNet Bellevue Washington US 2000 Guild Wars
Arika Tokyo Japan 1995
Armor Project Japan 1986 Dragon Quest series Yuji Horii's studio in charage of game design for the Dragon Quest franchise
Art Co., Ltd Tokyo Japan 1995
Artdink Tsukishima Japan 1986
ArtePiazza Tokyo Japan 1989
Artificial Studios Gainesville Florida US 2001 Also game engine developer
Artoon Yokohama Japan 1999 Subsidiary of AQ Interactive; defunct in 2010
Ascaron Gütersloh Germany 1989 Sacred series Developer/publisher
Asobo Studio Bordeaux France 2002
Atlus Tokyo Japan 1986 Megami Tensei franchise

Etrian Odyssey series

Trauma Center series

Developer/publisher; acquired by Sega in 2013
Atomic Planet Entertainment Middlesbrough England 2000 Defunct in 2009
Attic Entertainment Software Albstadt Germany 1990 Developer/publisher; defunct in 2001
Avalanche Software Salt Lake City US 1995 Disney Infinity Subsidiary of Disney Interactive Studios; defunct in 2016
Avalanche Studios Stockholm Sweden 2003 Just Cause series
Aventurine SA Athens Greece 2002 Darkfall


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Babaroga Chicago Illinois US 2001
Backbone Entertainment Emeryville California US 1992
Bandai Namco Studios Tokyo Japan 2012 Pac-Man series
Tekken franchise

Soul series
Tales series
Katamari series
Ace Combat series
Dragon Ball series
Naruto: Ultimate Ninja Storm series

Subsidiary of Bandai Namco Entertainment; functions as the core video game development studio of Bandai Namco Games
Banpresto Tokyo Japan 1977 Super Robot Wars Subsidiary of Namco Bandai Holdings
Bauhaus Entertainment Tokyo Japan 2006
Beenox Quebec City Quebec Canada 2000 Spider-Man game series Subsidiary of Activision on May 25, 2005
Behaviour Interactive Montreal Quebec Canada 1992
Bethesda Softworks Rockville Maryland US 1985 The Elder Scrolls series
Fallout series
Developer/publisher; subsidiary of ZeniMax Media
Big Huge Games Timonium Maryland US 2000 Rise of Nations
Kingdoms of Amalur: Reckoning
Binary Hammer Avon US 2008
BioWare Edmonton Alberta Canada 1995 Baldur's Gate series
Mass Effect series
Dragon Age series
Neverwinter Nights
Subsidiary of Electronic Arts
Bird Studio Japan 1986 Dragon Quest series Akira Toriyama's studio in charge of character and monster design of the Dragon Quest franchise
The Bitmap Brothers London England 1987
Bits Studios London England 1991
Bizarre Creations Liverpool England 1994 Project Gotham Racing series
Geometry Wars series
Defunct in 2011
Black Forest Games Offenburg Germany 2012 Giana Sisters: Twisted Dreams
Black Isle Studios Orange County, California US 1996 Fallout 2
Planescape: Torment
Icewind Dale
Subsidiary of Interplay Entertainment
Black Rock Studio Brighton England 1998 Defunct in 2011
Black Shell Games California US 2012 SanctuaryRPG
Black Wing Foundation Dnipropetrovsk Ukraine 2006 Stalin vs. Martians
Speed Kills
Blitz Games Studios Leamington Spa England 1990
Blizzard Entertainment Irvine California US 1991 Diablo series
StarCraft series
Warcraft franchise

Heroes of the Storm

Developer/publisher; acquired by Vivendi and became part of Vivendi Games group in 1998; merged into Activision Blizzard in 2008
Blue Byte Software Düsseldorf Germany 1988 The Settlers Subsidiary of Ubisoft
Blue Fang Games Waltham Massachusetts US 1998 Zoo Tycoon series Shut down in 2011
Blue Tongue Entertainment Melbourne Victoria Australia 1995 Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis
de Blob
Shut down in 2011; subsidiary of THQ
Bohemia Interactive Prague Czech Republic 1999 Operation Flashpoint: Cold War Crisis
Arma series
Take On Helicopters
Carrier Command: Gaea Mission
Boss Fight Entertainment McKinney Texas US 2013 Dungeon Boss
Boss Key Productions Raleigh North Carolina US 2014 LawBreakers Founded by Cliff Bleszinski and Arjan Brussee
BreakAway Games Hunt Valley Maryland US 1998
Brøderbund Eugene Oregon US 1980 Defunct in 1998
Brownie Brown Tokyo Japan 2000 Mother 3 Subsidiary of Nintendo
Bugbear Entertainment Helsinki Finland 2000 FlatOut series
Buka Entertainment Moscow Russia 1994 Publisher; subsidiary of 1C Company
Bullfrog Productions Guildford England 1987 Magic Carpet
Dungeon Keeper
Defunct in 2001
Bungie Bellevue Washington US 1991 Halo series
Pathways into Darkness
Minotaur: The Labyrinths of Crete
Operation: Desert Storm
Founded as Bungie Software Products Corporation


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Capcom Osaka Japan 1979 Mega Man franchise

Ghost 'n Goblins series

Final Fight series
Street Fighter series

Darkstalkers series

Resident Evil series

Monster Hunter series

Ace Attorney series
Devil May Cry series
Dead Rising series
Lost Planet series

Capcom Vancouver Burnaby British Columbia Canada 2005 Dead Rising series Founded as Blue Castle Games; acquired by Capcom in 2010
Carbine Studios Aliso Viejo California US 2005 WildStar Subsidiary of NCSOFT
Cauldron Bratislava Slovakia 1996 Chaser
Cave Shinjuku Japan 1994
Cavia Tokyo Japan 2000
CCP Games Reykjavík Iceland 1997 Eve Online Developer/publisher
CD Projekt RED Warsaw Poland 2002 The Witcher series
Centuri Hialeah Florida US 1974 arcade game supplier
Certain Affinity Austin Texas US 2006 Halo series Co-developed the Halo series
Chair Entertainment Salt Lake City Utah US 2005 Undertow
Shadow Complex
Infinity Blade series
Subsidiary of Epic Games
Chunsoft Shinjuku Japan 1984 Mystery Dungeon Merged with Spike to become Spike Chunsoft in 2012
Cing Fukuoka Japan 1999
Clap Hanz Yokohama Japan 1998 Everybody's Golf series
Everybody's Tennis series
Climax Entertainment Tokyo Japan 1990
Climax Studios Portsmouth England 1988
Cloud Imperium Games Santa Monica and Austin California and Texas US 2012 Star Citizen
Clover Studio Osaka Japan 2004 Viewtiful Joe series
Subsidiary of Capcom; became defunct in 2007
Coded Illusions Rotterdam Netherlands 2005
Codemasters Southam England 1985 F1 series
Colin McRae Rally series
Operation Flashpoint series
Grid series
Coktel Vision Paris France 1985 Former publisher
Colossal Order Tampere Finland 2009 Cities in Motion
Cities: Skylines
Developer for Paradox Interactive
Compile Heart Tokyo Japan 2006 Hyperdimension Neptunia series
Record of Agarest War
Developer/publisher; subsidiary of Idea Factory
Compulsion Games Montreal Quebec Canada 2009 Contrast

We Happy Few

Core Design Derby England 1988 Tomb Raider series Subsidiary of Eidos Interactive; closed down in 2006
Crafts & Meister Osaka Japan 2004
Creat Studios Canton Massachusetts US 1990
Creative Assembly Horsham England 1987 Total War series
Alien: Isolation
Subsidiary of Sega since 2005
Criterion Games Guildford England 1993 Burnout series Subsidiary of Electronic Arts
Croteam Zagreb Croatia 1993 Serious Sam series
The Talos Principle
Cryo Interactive Paris France 1992 Bankrupt in 2002
Cryptic Studios Los Gatos California US 2000 City of Heroes
Champions Online
Star Trek Online
Subsidiary of Perfect World
Crystal Dynamics Redwood City California US 1992 Legacy Of Kain series
Tomb Raider series (second era)
Subsidiary of Square Enix
Crytek Frankfurt Germany 1999 Far Cry
Crysis series
Ryse: Son of Rome
Crytek UK Nottingham England 1999 TimeSplitters series Founded as Free Radical Design; acquired by Crytek in 2009; defunct in 2014
Cyan Worlds Mead Washington US 1987 Myst series
Cyanide Nanterre France 2000 Pro Cycling Manager series
Cyberdreams Liverpool England 2007 Developer/publisher; successor of Ultrasoft
CyberConnect2 Fukuoka Japan 1996 Naruto: Ultimate Ninja series
Cyberlore Studios Northampton Massachusetts US 1992
CyberStep Tokyo Japan 2000 GetAmped
Cosmic Break

Cosmic League

Developer and publisher of global online games


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
D-Pad Studio Bergen Norway 2007 Owlboy
Dambuster Studios Nottingham England 2014 Homefront: The Revolution
Day 1 Studios Chicago Illinois US 2001 Merged with WarGaming[1]
Deadline Games Copenhagen Denmark 1996 Total Overdose
Watchmen: The End Is Nigh
Faith and a .45
Deck13 Frankfurt Germany 2001 Ankh series
Demiurge Studios Cambridge Massachusetts US 2002
devCAT Studios Seoul South Korea Mabinogi


Subsidiary of Nexon
Dhruva Interactive Bangalore India 1997
Die Gute Fabrik Copenhagen Denmark 2006 Where is my Heart?
Digital Illusions CE Stockholm Sweden 1988 Battlefield series
Mirror's Edge
Acquired by Electronic Arts in 2004
Digital Reality Budapest Hungary 1991 Developer/publisher
Dimps Osaka Japan 2000
Disney Interactive Studios Glendale California US 1988 Publisher; subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company
Doobic Game Studios Seoul South Korea 2002 Heat Project

Combat Arms

Double Fine Productions San Francisco California US 2000 Psychonauts
Broken Age
Double Helix Games Irvine California US 2007 Silent Hill: Homecoming
Killer Instinct
Dynamix Eugene Oregon US 1984 Red Baron
Front Page Sports series
Betrayal at Krondor
Tribes series
Closed in 2001


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Egosoft Würselen Germany 1988 X series
Eidos Interactive London England 1990 Hitman series
Tomb Raider series
Kane & Lynch series
Thief series
Acquired by Square Enix in 2009 and was merged into Square Enix Europe the same year
Electronic Arts Redwood City California US 1982 Developer/publisher
Elev8 Games New Delhi India 2013 Lost in Paradise
Engine Software Doetinchem Netherlands 1995 Also middleware developer
Ensemble Studios Dallas Texas US 1995 Age of Empires series
Age of Mythology
Halo Wars
Former subsidiary of Microsoft Studios
Epic Games Cary North Carolina US 1991 Unreal series
Gears of War series
Shadow Complex
Infinity Blade series
Epic Games Poland Warsaw Poland 2002 Bulletstorm Founded as People can Fly, acquired and became a subsidiary of Epic Games in 2012
Epicenter Studios Sherman Oaks California US 2007
Epyx San Francisco California US 1978 Developer/publisher, defunct 1993
Etranges Libellules Lyon France 1994
Eugen Systems Paris France 2000 Act of War
Eurocom Derby England 1988
Evolution Studios Runcorn England 1999 World Rally Championship series
MotorStorm series
Division of SIE Worldwide Studios and subsidiary of Sony Computer Entertainment; defunct in 2016
Eyedentity Games Seoul South Korea 2007 Dragon Nest Subsidiary of Shanda


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
F4 Paris France 2002
Facepunch Studios Walsall England 2009 Garry's Mod
FarSight Studios Big Bear Lake California US 1989
Fatshark Stockholm Sweden 2008 War of the Roses
feelplus Tokyo Japan 1992
Firaxis Games Sparks Maryland US 1996 Civilization series (part 3 and later)
XCOM: Enemy Unknown
Subsidiary of 2K Games
Firefly Studios London England 1999 Stronghold series
First Star Software Chappaqua New York US 1982 Publisher, developer and licensor
Flagship Studios San Francisco California US 2003 Hellgate:London
Closed down in 2008
Flying Wild Hog Warsaw Poland 2009 Hard Reset
Shadow Warrior
Foundation 9 Entertainment Emeryville California US 1992
Fox Interactive Los Angeles California US 1994
Frictional Games Helsingborg Sweden 2001 Penumbra series
Amnesia: The Dark Descent
Frogwares Kiev Ukraine 2000 Adventures of Sherlock Holmes series
FromSoftware Tokyo Japan 1986 Souls series


Frontier Developments Cambridge England 1994 Elite series
RollerCoaster Tycoon 3
Planet Coaster
Frozenbyte Helsinki Finland 2001 Shadowgrounds series
Trine series
FUN Labs Bucharest Romania 1999 MIB: Alien Crisis
Cabela's series
Funcom Oslo Norway 1993 The Longest Journey series
Anarchy Online
Age of Conan
The Secret World
Futuremark Espoo Finland 1997 Shattered Horizon Also benchmark developer


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Gaijin Entertainment Moscow Russia 2002 War Thunder
IL-2 Sturmovik: Birds of Prey
Game Arts Tokyo Japan 1985 Subsidiary of GungHo Online Entertainment
Game Freak Setagaya-ku Japan 1989 Pokémon series
GameHouse Seattle Washington US 1998 Casual game developer, publisher and portal
Gameloft Paris France 1999 Modern Combat: Domination
Order & Chaos Online
Assassin's Creed (for mobile)
Developer/publisher of mobile games
Games2win Mumbai India 2005 Online game developer, publisher and
Gearbox Software Plano Texas US 1999 Brothers In Arms series
Borderlands series
Half-Life: Opposing Force
Geewa Prague Czech Republic 2005 Age of Defenders
Pool Live Tour
Genki Shinjuku Japan 1990
Giant Interactive Shanghai China 2001 Developer/publisher
Glu Mobile San Francisco California US Developer/publisher of mobile games
Gogii Games Moncton New Brunswick Canada 2006 Developer/publisher
Good-Feel Kobe Japan 2005 Yoshi's Woolly World
Grasshopper Manufacture Suginami Japan 1998 Killer7
No More Heroes series
Lollipop Chainsaw
Killer Is Dead
Subsidiary of GungHo Online Entertainment
Gravity Seoul South Korea 2000 Ragnarok Online
Gremlin Interactive Sheffield England 1984 Zool and Premier Manager Taken over by Infogrames in 1999 studio closed in 2003
Grezzo Shibuya Japan 2006 Second-party developer of Nintendo
Griptonite Games Kirkland Washington US 1994
GSC Game World Kiev Ukraine 1995 S.T.A.L.K.E.R series Defunct in 2011
Guerrilla Cambridge Cambridge Cambridgeshire United Kingdom 1997 (as SCE Cambridge Studio), 2013 MediEvil series Branch of Guerrilla Games, division of SIE Worldwide Studios and subsidiary of Sony Computer Entertainment
Guerrilla Games Amsterdam Netherlands 2000 Killzone series Division of SIE Worldwide Studios and subsidiary of Sony Computer Entertainment since 2004
GungHo Online Entertainment Tokyo Japan 1998
Gust Corporation Nagano Japan 1993 Atelier series Became a subsidiary of Koei Tecmo in 2014


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Haemimont Games Sofia Bulgaria 1997 Tropico 5
HappySoft Tokyo Japan 1995 Hong Kong 97 Homebrew company
HAL Laboratory Chiyoda Japan 1980 Kirby series First-party developer and subsidiary of Nintendo
Halfbrick Brisbane Queensland Australia 2001 Fruit Ninja
Jetpack Joyride
Mobile game developer
Hanaho Cerritos California US 1992
Hangar 13 Novato California US 2014 Mafia III Subsidiary of 2K Games
Harebrained Schemes Seattle Washington US 2011 Shadowrun Returns
Shadowrun: Dragonfall
Shadowrun: Hong Kong
Harmonix Music Systems Cambridge Massachusetts US 1995 Guitar Hero series
Rock Band series
Dance Central series
Subsidiary of Viacom
Hasbro Interactive Pawtucket Rhode Island US 1995 Publisher; defunct in 2001
HB Studios Lunenburg Nova Scotia Canada 2000
HeroCraft Kaliningrad Russia 2001
High Moon Studios San Diego California US 2005 Transformers: War for Cybertron series
Subsidiary of Activision
High Voltage Software Hoffman Estates Illinois US 1993 The Conduit series
Hoplon Infotainment Florianópolis Brazil 2004
Hothead Games Vancouver British Columbia Canada 2006 DeathSpank
Housemarque Helsinki Finland 1995 Super Stardust
Hudson Soft Tokyo Japan 1973 Bomberman series

Adventure Island series

Developer/publisher; acquired and dissolved by Konami
Human Head Studios Madison Wisconsin US 1997 Rune
Humongous Entertainment Bothell Washington US 1992 Fatty Bear's Birthday Surprise

Putt-Putt series

Freddi Fish series

Pajama Sam series

Spy Fox series

Acquired by Tommo Inc. and relaunched in 2013
Hyperion Entertainment Brussels Belgium 1999


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
id Software Mesquite Texas US 1991 Wolfenstein series
Doom series
Quake series
Acquired by ZeniMax Media in June 24, 2009
Idea Factory Shibuya-ku, Tokyo Japan 1994
Imageepoch Tokyo Japan 2005
Infinity Ward Woodland Hills California US 2002 Call of Duty series Acquired by Activision in 2003.
Infocom Cambridge Massachusetts US 1979 Zork series
Planetfall series
The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy
Leather Goddesses of Phobos
Closed in 1989.
Infogrames Paris France 1983 Publisher
Incredible Technologies Arlington Heights Illonois US 1985 arcade game designer, arcade game manufacturer
indieszero Musashino Japan 1997
Innerloop Studios Oslo Norway 1996
Insomniac Games Burbank California US 1994 Spyro the Dragon series

Ratchet & Clank series
Resistance series
Sunset Overdrive

Intelligent Systems Tokyo Japan 1986 Fire Emblem series
Advance Wars series

Paper Mario series

First-party developer and Subsidiary of Nintendo
Interceptor Entertainment Herning Denmark 2010 Rise of the Triad
Duke Nukem 3D: Reloaded
Interplay Entertainment Beverly Hills California US 1983 Earthworm Jim series
ClayFighter series
Fallout series
Inti Creates Ichikawa Japan 1996 Mega Man Zero series
Mega Man ZX series
Azure Striker Gunvolt series
Developer/publisher, formed by ex-Capcom staff
Introversion Software London England 2002 Darwinia
IO Interactive Copenhagen Denmark 1998 Hitman series
Kane & Lynch series
Subsidiary of Square Enix
Ion Storm Dallas Texas US 1996 Daikatana
Shut down in 2001; subsidiary of Eidos Interactive
Ion Storm Austin Austin Texas US 1997 Deus Ex
Thief: Deadly Shadows
Shut down in 2005; subsidiary of Eidos Interactive
Irem Hakusan Japan 1974 R-Type series
Iron Galaxy Studios Chicago Illinois US 2008 Divekick
Borderlands 2 (PSVita)
Irrational Games Quincy Massachusetts US 1996 System Shock 2
Freedom Force series
BioShock series
Subsidiary of 2K Games


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Jadestone Group Stockholm Sweden 2000 Online game developer, mobile game developer
Jagex Cambridge England 2001 RuneScape Online game developer

| Tokyo | | Japan | 1974 | | |- | Javaground | Irvine | Massachusetts | US | 2001 | | Mobile game developer |- |- style="background:#ffe8a9;" | JoWood Entertainment AG | Rottenmann | | Austria | 1995 | Gothic series
Painkiller series
The Guild series
SpellForce series | Defunct 2011 |- |- style="background:#ffe8a9;" | Juice Games | Warrington | | England | 2003 | | |- |- | Jupiter | Kyoto | | Japan | 1996 | | |- | JV Games | Las Vegas | Nevada | US | 1999 | }


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Kairosoft Tokyo Japan 1996
Kalypso Media Worms Germany 2006 Tropico series Developer/publisher
Kaos Studios New York City New York US 2006 Frontlines: Fuel of War
Subsidiary of THQ
Keen Software House Prague Czech Republic 2010 Space Engineers
Kiloo Games Aarhus Denmark 2000 Subway Surfers
Frisbee Forever
Mobile game developer
Koei Ashikaga Japan 1978 Dynasty Warriors series
Samurai Warriors series
Developer/publisher; subsidiary of Koei Tecmo; renamed Tecmo Koei Games in 2009 and Koei Tecmo Games in 2014; brand name still in use
KOG Studios Seoul South Korea 2000 Elsword
Konami Tokyo Midtown
Japan 1969 Gradius series

Contra series
Metal Gear series
Castlevania series
Pro Evolution Soccer series
Silent Hill series

Kongzhong Beijing China 2002
Krome Studios Brisbane Queensland Australia 1999 Defunct
Krome Studios Melbourne Melbourne Victoria Australia 1988 Defunct
Kuju Entertainment Shalford England 1998
Kush Games Camarillo California US 1998
Kuma Reality Games New York City New York US 2003


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Larian Studios Oudenaarde Belgium 1996 Divinity series
Legacy Interactive Los Angeles California US 1998 Publisher
Legend Entertainment Chantilly Virginia US 1989 Spellcasting series
Superhero League of Hoboken
The Wheel of Time
Unreal II
Closed in 2004.
Legendo Entertainment Gothenburg Sweden 2004 Publisher
LEGO Group Billund Denmark 1932 LEGO Universe
Level-5 Fukuoka Japan 1998 Dark Cloud series
Rogue Galaxy
Professor Layton series
Inazuma Eleven series
Ni No Kuni series
Yo-Kai Watch series
Lionhead Studios Guildford England 1997 Black & White series
Fable series
Closed by Microsoft Studios in 2016
Liquid Entertainment Pasadena California US 1999 Battle Realms
Little Green Men Games Zagreb Croatia 2006 Starpoint Gemini
LK Avalon Poland 1989 Hans Kloss
Schizm: Mysterious Journey
Llamasoft Reading England 1982
Linden Lab San Francisco California US 1999
Looking Glass Studios Cambridge Massachusetts US 1990 Ultima Underworld series
System Shock series
Thief series
LucasArts San Francisco California US 1982 Maniac Mansion

Sam & Max Hit the Road

Day of the Tentacle

Monkey Island series

The Dig

Full Throttle

Grim Fandango

Star Wars: The Force Unleashed series
Star Wars: Battlefront series

Publisher and former developer; closed as developer of April 3, 2013 by Disney
Luma Arcade Johannesburg South Africa 2006
Luxoflux Santa Monica California US 1998


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
MachineGames Uppsala Sweden 2009 Wolfenstein: The New Order Acquired by ZeniMax Media
Magenta Software Liverpool England 1994
Majesco Entertainment Edison New Jersey US 1986 Developer/publisher
Marvelous Entertainment Shibuya Japan 1997 Senran Kagura series Developer/publisher
Massive Entertainment Malmö Sweden 1997 Ground Control
World In Conflict
Tom Clancy's The Division
Founded in 1997; former subsidiary of Activision and acquired by Ubisoft in 2008
Masthead Studios Sofia Bulgaria 2005 Earthrise
Maxis Software Emeryville California US 1987 The Sims series
SimCity series
Subsidiary under Electronic Arts
Mean Hamster Software Deer Park Washington US 1985
Media Molecule Guildford England 2006 LittleBigPlanet series
Division of SIE Worldwide Studios and Subsidiary of Sony Computer Entertainment
Mediatonic London England 2005 Amateur Surgeon
Robot Unicorn Attack
MegaZebra Munich Germany 2009
Mercury Steam Madrid Spain 2002
Metropolis Software Warsaw Poland 1992 Teenagent
Gorky 17
Studio was bought by CD Projekt in 2008 and closed in 2009.
MicroProse Software Hunt Valley Maryland US 1982 Silent Service
Railroad Tycoon
Civilization series
Microsoft Studios Redmond Washington US 2002 Age of Empires series
Crackdown series
Fable series
Forza Motorsport series
Gears of War series
Halo series
Microsoft Flight Simulator series
Zoo Tycoon series
First developer, publisher, and console manufacturer; established as Microsoft Game Studios
Midway Games Chicago Illinois US 1988 Mortal Kombat series As of 2012, Midway is a corporation existing under Delaware law subject to a Chapter 11 bankruptcy liquidation plan
Milestone Suginami Japan 2003
Milestone S.r.l. Milan Italy 1996
Mind Candy London England 2004 Moshi Monsters
Mistwalker Tokyo Japan 2004 Blue Dragon
Mitchell Corporation Tokyo Japan 1960
Mojang AB Stockholm Sweden 2009 Minecraft
Indie developer and publisher; acquired by Microsoft on September 15, 2014
Monolith Productions Kirkland Washington US 1994 F.E.A.R. series
Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor
Subsidiary of Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment
Monolith Soft Tokyo Japan 1999 Xeno series Subsidiary of Nintendo
Mythic Entertainment Fairfax Virginia US 1996 Subsidiary of Electronic Arts


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Nadeo Paris France 2000 TrackMania
Nanobit Zagreb Croatia 2008
NAPS team Messina Italy 1993 Gekido

Shadow Fighter

Natsume Shinjuku Japan 1987
Naughty Dog Santa Monica California US 1986 Crash Bandicoot series
Jak and Daxter series
Uncharted series
The Last of Us
Division of SIE Worldwide Studios and subsidiary of Sony Computer Entertainment since 2001
NCsoft Seoul South Korea 1997 Lineage series
Guild Wars
Blade & Soul
Online game developer
NDOORS Corporation Seoul South Korea 1999 Atlantica Online Developer/publisher; subsidiary of Nexon
Neowiz Seoul South Korea 1997
Nerve Software Richardson Texas US 1999
NetDevil Louisville Colorado US 1997
Netdragon Fuzhou China 1999 Disney Fantasy Online
Netease Guangzhou China 1997 Fantasy Westward Journey Developer, publisher, and online services company
NetherRealm Studios Chicago Illinois US 2010 Mortal Kombat series
Injustice: Gods Among Us
Successor to Midway Games; Subsidiary of Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment
Neversoft Woodland California US 1994 Guitar Hero series
Tony Hawk series
Acquired by Activision in 1999; merged into Infinity Ward in 2014
Nexon Seoul South Korea 1994 MapleStory



Atlantica Online

Next Level Games Vancouver British Columbia Canada 2002 Super Mario Strikers
NGD Studios Buenos Aires Argentina 2002 Regnum Online
Nibris Kraków Poland 2000
Nihon Falcom Tokyo Japan 1981 Ys series

Dragon Slayer series

The Legend of Heroes series



Vantage Master

Gurumin: A Monstrous Adventure

Ninjabee Orem Utah USA 2005
Ninja Theory Cambridge England 2000 Heavenly Sword
Enslaved: Odyssey to the West
Nintendo Kyoto Japan 1889 Super Mario series
The Legend of Zelda series
Metroid series
Donkey Kong series
Pikmin series
Animal Crossing series
Pokémon series
F-Zero series
Star Fox series
Kirby series
Mother series
Super Smash Bros. series
First-party developer/publisher, console manufacturer
Nippon Ichi Software Gifu Prefecture Japan 1991 Rhapsody: A Musical Adventure

La Pucelle: Tactics

Disgaea series Phantom Brave


Hotaru no Nikki

Nordeus Belgrade Serbia 2009 Top Eleven Football Manager Developer/publisher
Novalogic Agoura Hills California US 1985 Publisher
Novarama Barcelona Spain 2003 Invizimals series
n-Space Orlando Florida USA 1994 Heroes of Ruin
Port for various video games, include Call of Duty series


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Obsidian Entertainment Irvine California USA 2004 Fallout New Vegas
Neverwinter Nights 2
Dungeon Siege III
South Park: The Stick of Truth
Oddworld Inhabitants San Luis Obispo California USA 1994 Oddworld series
Omega Force Ashikaga Japan 1997 Dynasty Warriors series

Samurai Warriors series

Division of Koei Tecmo
Origin Systems Austin Texas US 1983 Ultima series
Ultima Online
Wing Commander series
Closed in 2004
Outrage Entertainment Ann Arbor Michigan US 1996 Descent 3 Closed in 2004
Overkill Software Stockholm Sweden 2009 Payday series Acquired by Starbreeze Studios in 2012
Oxygen Studios Croydon England 2006


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Page 44 Studios San Francisco California USA 1998 Freekstyle
High School Musical 3: Senior Year Dance
Madden NFL 11 iOS
uDraw Pictionary
World of Goo iOS
Acquired by Zynga in 2011.
Pangea Software Texas USA 1987
Project Sora Tokyo Japan 2009 Kid Icarus: Uprising Subsidiary of Nintendo; became defunct in 2012
Paon Tokyo Japan 1999
Papaya Studio Irvine California USA 1999
Project Siren/Team Gravity Tokyo Japan 2004 Siren series
Gravity Rush
Division of SIE Japan Studio
Project Soul Tokyo Japan 1996 Soul series Division of Bandai Namco Studios
Panther Games Pty Ltd Canberra Australia 1985 Fire-Brigade
Airborne Assault: Highway to the Reich
Airborne Assault: Conquest of the Aegean
Command Ops: Battles from the Bulge
Paradox Development Studio Stockholm Sweden 1995 Europa Universalis series
Hearts of Iron series
Crusader Kings series
Subsidiary of Paradox Interactive
Parallax Software Ann Arbor Michigan USA 1993 Descent series Split into Volition, Inc and Outrage Entertainment
Pandemic Studios Los Angeles California USA 1998 Star Wars: Battlefront
Destroy All Humans! series
Full Spectrum Warrior
Mercenaries: Playground of Destruction
The Saboteur
Acquired by Electronic Arts in 2008 and closed in 2009.
Pendulo Studios Madrid Spain 1993 Runaway series
Penguin Software Geneva Illinois USA 1978
Perfect World Beijing China 2004 Perfect World series Developer/publisher
Petroglyph Las Vegas Nevada USA 2003 Star Wars: Empire at War
Universe at War: Earth Assault
Grey Goo
Phantagram Seoul South Korea 1994
Phenomic Game Development Ingelheim am Rhein Germany 1997 SpellForce series
Lord of Ultima
Command and Conquer: Tiberium Alliances
Acquired by Electronic Arts in 2006
Piranha Bytes Essen Germany 1997 Gothic series (parts 1-3)
Risen series
Pi Studios Houston Texas USA 2002
Pivotal Games Bath England 2000 Conflict series
The Great Escape
Pixel Press St. Louis Missouri United States 2013 Bloxels
Playdom San Francisco California USA 2009 Mobsters, Sorority Life Facebook, Myspace game developer Subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company
Playfish London England 2007 Who Has The Biggest Brain? Facebook, Myspace game developer Subsidiary of Electronic Arts
PlayFirst San Francisco USA 2004 Casual game developer, publisher and portal
Playground Games Royal Leamington Spa England 2009 Forza Horizon series
PlatinumGames Osaka Japan 2006 Bayonetta series
The Wonderful 101
Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance
Successor to Clover Studio
Polyphony Digital Tokyo Japan 1998 Gran Turismo series Division of SIE Worldwide Studios and subsidiary of Sony Computer Entertainment
PopCap Games Seattle Washington USA 2000 Bejeweled series
Plants vs. Zombies series
Peggle series
Casual game developer, publisher and portal; subsidiary of Electronic Arts since 2011
Press Play Copenhagen Denmark 2006 Max & the Magic Marker
Max: The Curse of Brotherhood
Subsidiary of Microsoft Studios
Punch Entertainment Palo Alto California USA 2005 Reign of Swords
EGO City
Music Tycoon
Casual games, social games, developer and publisher
Pyro Studios Madrid Spain 1996 Commandos series


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Q Entertainment Tokyo Japan 2003
Q-Games Nakagyō-ku Japan 2001 Star Fox Command
PixelJunk series
Quantic Dream Paris France 1997 Fahrenheit
Heavy Rain
Beyond: Two Souls


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Radical Entertainment Vancouver Canada 1991 Prototype series Shut down by Activision; exists as support team
Rage Software Liverpool England 1992
Rainbow Studios Phoenix Arizona USA 1996 MX vs. ATV series Acquired by THQ, later closed by THQ
Rare Twycross England 1985 Battletoads series

Killer Instinct series

Donkey Kong Country series

Banjo-Kazooie series

Donkey Kong 64
GoldenEye 007

Conker's Bad Fur Day
Perfect Dark series

Successor to Ultimate Play the Game; second-party developer for Nintendo; turned; Acquired by Microsoft Studios in 2002 as a first-party developer
Raven Software Middleton Wisconsin USA 1990 Heretic
Call of Duty series
Star Wars Jedi Knight II: Jedi Outcast
Soldier of Fortune II: Double Helix
Acquired by Activision in 1997
Raylight S.r.l. Naples Italy 1999 R-Type III: The Third Lightning (GBA)

Deer Drive Legends (3DS)

Red Entertainment Tokyo Japan 1976 (as the Red Company), 2000 (as Red Entertainment) Sakura Wars series
Reality Pump Studios Kraków Poland 1995
Realtime Associates Los Angeles California US 1986
Realtime Worlds Dundee Scotland 2002 Crackdown
Rebellion Developments Oxford England 1992 Aliens vs. Predator series
Sniper Elite series
RedLynx Helsinki Finland 2000 Trials series Subsidiary of Ubisoft
Red Thread Games Oslo Norway 2012 Dreamfall Chapters: The Longest Journey
Red Storm Entertainment Cary North Carolina US 1996 Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon
Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six
Acquired by Ubisoft
Redtribe Melbourne Victoria Australia 2003
Reflections Interactive Newcastle upon Tyne England 1984 Driver series
Destruction Derby series
Acquired by Ubisoft
Reflexive Entertainment Lake Forest California US 1997 Developer and distributor
Relic Entertainment Vancouver British Columbia Canada 1997 Company of Heroes series
Warhammer 40000: Dawn of War series
Homeworld series
Subsidiary of Sega
Remedy Entertainment Espoo Finland 1995 Max Payne series
Alan Wake series
Respawn Entertainment Sherman Oaks, Los Angeles California US 2010 Titanfall
Reto-Moto Copenhagen Denmark 2008 Heroes & Generals
Retro Studios Austin Texas US 1998 Metroid Prime series

Donkey Kong Country series

Subsidiary of Nintendo
Revolution Software York England 1990 Broken Sword series
Beneath a Steel Sky
Riot Games Santa Monica California US 2006 League of Legends Subsidiary of Tencent
Rising Star Games Luton England 2004
Robot Entertainment Plano Texas US 2009 Orcs Must Die! series

Hero Academy

Age of Empires Online

Rockstar Games
Rockstar North
Rockstar San Diego
Rockstar Toronto
New York City
New York

1998 Grand Theft Auto series
Manhunt series
Midnight Club series
Red Dead series
Developer/publisher; owned by Take-Two Interactive
Rocksteady Studios London England 2005 Batman: Arkham series Subsidiary of Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment
Robinson Technologies Hiroshima Japan Legend of the Red Dragon
Dink Smallwood
Rovio Entertainment Espoo Finland 2003 Angry Birds franchise Publisher, developer and distributor
Ruffian Games Dundee Scotland 2008 Crackdown 2
Runic Games Seattle Washington USA 2008 Torchlight Subsidiary of Perfect World
Running With Scissors Tucson Arizona USA 1997 Postal series


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Sand Grain Studios Bucharest Romania 2002
Sanuk Games Nonthaburi Thailand 2003
SCS Software Prague Czech Republic 1997 18 Wheels of Steel series
Euro Truck Simulator series
Sega Ota,
San Francisco
California Japan,
1951 Sonic the Hedgehog series
Puyo Puyo series
Virtua Fighter series
The House of the Dead series
Phantasy Star series
Sakura Wars series
Valkyria Chronicles series
Third-party (Formerly first-party) developer, publisher, former console manufacturer
Serious Games Interactive Copenhagen Denmark 2005 Cargo Dynasty
Global Conflict: Palestine
Playing History
Serious game developer
Sega AM2 Ota Japan 1985 Virtua Fighter series

Shenmue series

Division of Sega, founded by Yu Suzuki
SIE Foster City Studio Foster City California US 1998 Division of SIE Worldwide Studios and subsidiary of Sony Interactive Entertainment
SIE Japan Studio Tokyo Japan 1993 Ape Escape series


Shadow of the Colossus

Siren series
Patapon series
Loco Roco series

Gravity Rush

Division of SIE Worldwide Studios and subsidiary of Sony Interactive Entertainment
SIE London Studio London United Kingdom 2002 Division of SIE Worldwide Studios and subsidiary of Sony Interactive Entertainment
SIE San Diego Studio San Diego California US 2001 Division of SIE Worldwide Studios and subsidiary of Sony Interactive Entertainment
SIE Santa Monica Studio Los Angeles California USA 1999 God of War series Division of SIE Worldwide Studios and subsidiary of Sony Interactive Entertainment
SCE Studio Liverpool Liverpool England 1984 Wipeout series
Formula One series
Colony Wars series
Former Division of SIE Worldwide Studios and former subsidiary of Sony Interactive Entertainment; shut down by Sony on August 22, 2012
SIE Worldwide Studios Tokyo, Fukuoka, Santa Monica, Los Angeles, San Diego, Bend, Amsterdam, London, Guildford, Cambridge California, Washington, Oregon Japan, United States, Netherlands, United Kingdom 2005 Various A group of first-party development studios owned by Sony Interactive Entertainment
Shanda Shanghai China 1999 The World of Legend series
Sherman3D Petaling Jaya Malaysia 2003 Alpha Kimori
Sierra Entertainment Oakhurst California USA 1979 Mystery House
King's Quest series
Space Quest series
Police Quest series
Leisure Suit Larry series
Quest for Glory series
Gabriel Knight series
Subsidiary of Activision. Internal development ceased in 1999.
Silicon Knights St. Catharines Ontario Canada 1992 Blood Omen: Legacy of Kain
Eternal Darkness: Sanity's Requiem
Too Human
Silicon Studio Tokyo Japan 2000
Simtex Austin Texas USA 1988 Master of Orion series
Master of Magic
Sledgehammer Games Foster City California USA 2009 Call of Duty: Advanced Warfare
co-developer of Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3
Independent, wholly owned subsidiary of Activision
Snail Games Suzhou China 2000 Voyage Century Online
SNK Playmore Osaka Japan 1978 Metal Slug series

Fatal Fury series
The King of Fighters series

Samurai Showdown series

The Last Blade series

World Heroes series

Game hardware and software developer
Sobee Studios Istanbul Turkey 2000 İstanbul Kıyamet Vakti
I Can Football
Snowblind Studios Seattle Washington USA 1997 Subsidiary of Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment; defunct in 2012
Software 2000 Eutin Germany 1987 Publisher
Sonic Team Tokyo Japan 1988 Sonic The Hedgehog series

Puyo Puyo series

Phantasy Star series

Subsidiary of Sega
Sony Interactive Entertainment Tokyo,
San Diego,
California Japan,
Several First-party developer, publisher and console manufacturer
Sora Ltd. Tokyo Japan 2005 Kid Icarus: Uprising
Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS and Wii U
Spectrum HoloByte Alameda California USA 1983 Publisher
Spellbound Entertainment Offenburg Germany 1994
Spike Tokyo Japan 1991 Merged with Chunsoft to become Spike Chunsoft in 2012
Spike Chunsoft Tokyo Japan 2012 Zero Escape series

Danganronpa franchise

The result of a merger between Spike and Chunsoft and is owned by Dwango
Spil Games Hilversum Netherlands 2001 My Dolphin Show
Sara Cooking
Splash Damage London England 2001 Enemy Territory: Quake Wars
Sproing Interactive Media Vienna Austria 2001 Independent developer of console and free-to-play games
Square Enix Tokyo Japan 2003 Final Fantasy series
Kingdom Hearts series
Dragon Quest series
Drakengard series
Developer/publisher; previously known as Square Co. and Enix
Stainless Games Newport England 1993
Stainless Steel Studios Cambridge Massachusetts USA 1998
Starbreeze Studios Uppsala Sweden 1998 Enclave
Brothers: A Tale of Two Sons
Stardock Plymouth Michigan USA 1991 Developer/publisher
Star Vault Malmö Sweden 2007 Mortal Online Indie
Sting Entertainment Tokyo Japan 1989
Strategic Simulations Sunnyvale California USA 1979 Gold Box series
Panzer General series
Strawdog Studios Derby England 2003
Straylight Studios Dunedin New Zealand 2004
Streamline Studios Kuala Lumpur Malaysia 2001
Sucker Punch Productions Bellevue Washington USA 1997 Rocket: Robot on Wheels
Sly Cooper series
Infamous series
Division of SIE Worldwide Studios and subsidiary of Sony Computer Entertainment since 2011
Sumo Digital Sheffield England 2003 Serious game developer acquired by Foundation 9 Entertainment
Sunflowers Interactive Entertainment Software Heusenstamm Germany 1993 Acquired by Ubisoft
Supercell Helsinki Finland 2010 Clash of Clans
Hay Day
Boom Beach
Clash Royale
SuperVillain Studios Orange County California USA 2004
Swingin' Ape Studios Aliso Viejo California USA 2000 Acquired by Blizzard Entertainment
StormRegion Budapest Hungary 2001 S.W.I.N.E.
Codename: Panzers series
Acquired by 10tacle Studios AG in 2007 and then defunct in 2008


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Taito Tokyo Japan 1953 (As vending machine Company), 1972 (As video game company) Space Invaders

Bubble Bobble series

Developer/publisher; acquired by Square Enix
Tango Gameworks Tokyo Japan 2010 The Evil Within Subsidiary of ZeniMax Media
Tag Games Dundee Scotland 2006
Take-Two Interactive New York City New York USA 1993 Developer, publisher, and distributor
TaleWorlds Ankara Turkey 2005 Mount & Blade series
Tamsoft Asakusa Japan 1992 Senran Kagura series
Tantrumedia Wirral England 2003
Tantalus Media Melbourne Victoria Australia 1994
Tate Interactive Poland 2002 The company ran under the title X-Ray Interactive from 2000
until 2002 and they were established as Tate
Interactive in 2003.
Team17 Ossett England 1990 Alien Breed series
Worms series
Team Bondi Sydney New South Wales Australia 2003 L.A. Noire
Team Ico Tokyo Japan 1997 Ico
Shadow of the Colossus
Division of SIE Japan Studio
Team Ninja Tokyo Japan 1995 Ninja Gaiden series

Dead or Alive series

Division of Koei Tecmo (Formerly Tecmo)
Techland Ostrów Wielkopolski Poland 1991 Chrome series
Call Of Juarez series
Dead Island series
Dying Light
Telltale Games San Rafael California USA 2004 Sam & Max episodic series
The Walking Dead series
The Wolf Among Us

Tales from the Borderlands

Game of Thrones
Minecraft: Story Mode

Tencent Shenzhen China 1998 Developer, publisher, online services company
Tequila Works Madrid Spain 2009 Deadlight
Terminal Reality Lewisville Texas USA 1994
Teyon Kraków Poland 2006
The9 Shanghai China 1999
The Chinese Room Brighton England 2007 Amnesia: A Machine For Pigs
THQ Agoura Hills California US 1989 Developer/publisher; defunct in 2013
Three Rings Design San Francisco California US 2001
TimeGate Studios Sugar Land Texas USA 1998
Toaplan Japan 1984 Snow Bros. Developer of arcade games; went bankrupt and closed in 1994
ToeJam & Earl Productions US 1989 (as Johnson Voorsanger Productions) ToeJam & Earl series Founded by Mark Voorsanger and Greg Johnson; became defunct in 2003
TopWare Interactive Karlsruhe Germany 1995 Publisher
Torpex Games Bellevue Washington USA 2005
Torus Games Bayswater Victoria Australia 1994 Scooby-Doo! First Frights
Scooby-Doo! and the Spooky Swamp
Shrek Smash n' Crash Racing
Monster Jam
Tose Kyoto Japan 1979
Toys for Bob Novato California USA 1989 Skylanders series Subsidiary of Activision
Trapdoor Montreal Quebec Canada 2010
Transmission Games Melbourne Victoria Australia 1996 Heroes of the Pacific
Heroes Over Europe
Closed in 2009
Traveller's Tales Knutsford England 1990 Lego series Subsidiary of Warner Bros. Interactive
Treyarch Santa Monica California USA 1996 Call of Duty series Acquired by Activision
Treasure Tokyo Japan 1992 Gunstar Heroes

Dynamite Headdy
Guardian Heroes

Alien Soldier


Sin and Punishment Sin & Punishment: Star Successor

Gaist Crusher

Gaist Crusher God

tri-Ace Tokyo Japan 1995 Star Ocean series
Valkyrie Profile series
Acquired by Nepro Japan
Tripwire Interactive Roswell Georgia USA 2005 Killing Floor
Red Orchestra: Ostfront 41-45
Triumph Studios Delft Netherlands 1997 Age of Wonders series

Overlord series

Turn 10 Studios Redmond Washington USA 2001 Forza Motorsport series Subsidiary of Microsoft Studios
Turtle Rock Studios Lake Forest California USA 2002 Left 4 Dead series
Two Tribes Amersfoort Netherlands 2000 Toki Tori
Tygron Delft Netherlands 2005 Serious game developer
Typhoon Games Hong Kong SAR China 2001


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Ubisoft Montreuil-sous-Bois France 1986 Rayman series
Assassin's Creed series
Just Dance series
Prince of Persia series
Far Cry series
Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon series
Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six series
Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell series
Ultimate Play the Game Ashby-de-la-Zouch England 1982 Jetpac

Lunar Jetman

Atic Atac

Sabreman series

Alien 8

Predecessor to Rare; Defunct in 1988
Unique Development Studios Norrköping and Gothenburg Sweden 1993
United Front Games Vancouver British Columbia Canada 2006 ModNation Racers
Sleeping Dogs
LittleBigPlanet Karting
Defunct in 2016
Universomo Tampere Finland 2002 Defunct in 2010


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Valve Corporation Kirkland Washington USA 1996 Half-Life series
Portal series
Left 4 Dead series
Team Fortress 2
Dota 2
Counter-Strike series
Developer, publisher and distributor
Vanillaware Chūō-ku, Osaka Japan 2002 Odin Sphere

Muramasa: The Demon Blade
Dragon's Crown

Venan Entertainment Cromwell Connecticut USA 2002
Vicarious Visions Albany New York USA 1990 Guitar Hero series
Tony Hawk series
Acquired by Activision in 2004.
Vigil Games Austin Texas USA 2005 Darksiders series Subsidiary of THQ; defunct in 2013
Virtual Heroes, Inc. Raleigh North Carolina USA 2004 Moonbase Alpha
Visceral Games Redwood City California USA 1998 Dead Space series Subsidiary of Electronic Arts
Visual Concepts California USA 1988 NFL 2K
NBA 2K series
MLB 2K series
Subsidiary of 2K Sports
Vivendi Games Los Angeles California US 1993
Viwawa Singapore Singapore 2007
Volition, Inc. Champaign Illinois USA 1996 Saints Row series
Red Faction series
Subsidiary of Deep Silver
Vostok Games Kiev Ukraine 2012 Survarium Vostok Games was founded in March 2012 by former employees of GSC Game World, following that firm's closing
VoxelStorm Manchester United Kingdom 2012 GolfXTRM


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Wahoo Studios Orem Utah USA 2001
Wanako Games Santiago de Chile Chile 2002 Subsidiary of Behaviour Interactive
Warhorse Studios Prague Czech Republic 2011 Kingdom Come: Deliverance
Wargaming Nicosia
1998 World of Tanks Developer/publisher
Wargaming Saint Petersburg Saint Petersburg Russia 1991 World of Warships Subsidiary of Wargaming
WB Games Chicago Illinois US 1988 Batman: Arkham series
Lego series
F.E.A.R. series
Mortal Kombat series
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt
Webfoot Technologies Chicago Illinois US 1993 Dragon Ball Z: The Legacy of Goku
You Don't Know Jack! series
Hello Kitty: Happy Party Pals
Deadly Rooms of Death
Creators of many Dragon Ball Z games for Atari; specializes in Nintendo platforms
Westwood Studios Las Vegas Nevada US 1985 Eye of the Beholder
Dune II
The Legend of Kyrandia series
Lands of Lore series
Command & Conquer series
Closed in 2003
Westone Bit Entertainment Tokyo Japan 1986 Wonder Boy series
Monster World series
Bankrupt and became defunct in 2014
Wideload Games Chicago Illinois USA 2003 Subsidiary of Disney Interactive Studios
Wildfire Studios Brisbane Queensland Australia 1995
Wizet Seoul South Korea 1999 MapleStory
Wolfire Games Berkeley California USA 2003
World Forge Voronezh Russia 2004


Developer City Country Est. Notable games Notes
XPEC Entertainment Taipei Taiwan 2000 Bounty Hounds Developer/publisher


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
Yager Development Berlin Germany 1999 Spec Ops: The Line
Yuke's Osaka Japan 1993 WWE SmackDown! vs Raw


Developer City Autonomous area Country Est. Notable games Notes
ZeniMax Online Studios Hunt Valley Maryland USA 2007 The Elder Scrolls Online Subsidiary of ZeniMax Media Inc
Zipper Interactive Redmond Washington USA 1995 Shut down in 2012 by Sony Computer Entertainment
Zombie Studios Seattle Washington USA 1994 Spec Ops: Rangers Lead the Way
Blacklight: Retribution
ZootFly Ljubljana Slovenia 2002
Zylom Eindhoven Netherlands 2001 Casual game developer, game publisher Subsidiary of RealNetworks
Zynga San Francisco California USA 2007 FarmVille Social network game developer.
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See also


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