List of universities in Finland

Institutions of higher education are designated universities by Finnish legislation.[1] Only these universities have the right to confer the degrees in the categories alempi korkeakoulututkinto/lägre högskoleexamen (Bachelor's degree) and ylempi korkeakoulututkinto/högre högskoleexamen (Master's degree) and doctoral degrees.[2]

In addition to the universities, Finland has another, separate system of tertiary education, the ammattikorkeakoulu/yrkeshögskola, which is variously translated as polytechnic or as a University of Applied Sciences (see a list of polytechnics in Finland). The polytechnics have the right to confer degrees in categories ammattikorkeakoulututkinto/yrkeshögskoleexamen and ylempi ammattikorkeakoulututkinto/högre yrkeshögskoleexamen. In international usage, these degrees are classified as bachelor's and master's degrees.[3]


Multidisciplinary universities

The Finnish universities are (sorted by the year of establishment):

No Name Established date Type Location Students Administrative staff
1 University of Helsinki 1640 Public Helsinki 34833 8000 [4]
2 Åbo Akademi University 1918 Public Turku, Vaasa and Jakobstad 5500 1300 [5]
3 University of Turku 1920 Public Turku, Pori 19488 3319 [6]
4 University of Tampere 1925 Public Tampere, Pori 14430 1982 [7]
5 University of Jyväskylä 1934 Public Jyväskylä 14492 2583 [8]
6 University of Oulu 1958 Public Oulu 14221 2852 [9]
7 University of Vaasa 1968 Public Vaasa 5048 498 [10]
8 University of Lapland 1979 Public Rovaniemi 4349 633 [11]
9 University of Eastern Finland 2010 Public Joensuu, Kuopio, and Savonlinna 15000 2800 [12]
10 Aalto University 2010 Public Espoo and Helsinki 18116 4424 [13]

Specialised universities

In Finland, there are also some institutions of higher education that have full university status, but which specialise in certain academic fields:

No Name Established date Type Location Students Administrative staff
1 Hanken School of Economics 1909 Public Helsinki, Vaasa 2200 130
2 Tampere University of Technology 1965 Public Tampere, Pori 8295 1713
3 Lappeenranta University of Technology 1969 Public Lappeenranta 4900 893
4 National Defence University 1993 Public Helsinki 850 350
5 University of the Arts Helsinki 2013 Public Helsinki 1993 729

The National Defence University is not considered a university by Finnish law, although it has the authority to award bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees and to pursue free research, and its rector is a member of the Council of Finnish University rectors.[14] The practical effect of this distinction is minor, and most notable in the administrative organisation of the university, which is military instead of civilian.

See also


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