List of style guides
A style guide or style manual is a set of standards for the writing and design of documents, either for general use or for a specific publication, organization or field. The implementation of a style guide provides uniformity in style and formatting within a document and across multiple documents. A set of standards for a specific organization is often known as "house style". Style guides are common for general and specialized use, for the general reading and writing audience, and for students and scholars of various academic disciplines, medicine, journalism, the law, government, business, and industry.
Several basic style guides for technical and scientific communication have been defined by international standards organizations. These are often used as elements of and refined in more specialized style guides that are specific to a subject, region or organization. Some examples are:
- Style Manual: For Authors, Editors and Printers Snooks & Co for the Department of Finance and Administration. 6th ed. ISBN 0-7016-3648-3.
- The Canadian Style: A Guide to Writing and Editing: by Dundurn Press in co-operation with Public Works and the Government Services Canada Translation Bureau. ISBN 1-55002-276-8.
- CP Stylebook: Guide to newspaper style in Canada maintained by the Canadian Press. ISBN 0-920009-38-7.
- The Globe and Mail Style Book: Originally created to help writers and editors at the Globe and Mail present clear, accurate and concise stories. ISBN 0-7710-5685-0
- Copy-editing: The Cambridge Handbook for Editors, Authors and Publishers Judith Butcher. 3rd ed. 1992 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press ISBN 0-521-40074-0
- Fowler's Modern English Usage. Ed. R. W. Burchfield. Rev. 3rd ed. London: Clarendon Press, 2004. ISBN 0-19-861021-1 (hardcover). Based on Modern English Usage, by Henry Watson Fowler.
- The King's English, by Henry Watson Fowler and Francis George Fowler.
- The Oxford Style Manual (2003 ed.). Combines The Oxford Guide to Style and The Oxford Dictionary for Writers and Editors, which concentrates on common problems.
- The Complete Plain Words, by Sir Ernest Gowers.
- Usage and Abusage, by Eric Partridge.
For legal documents
- Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities (OSCOLA), by the University of Oxford Faculty of Law
- The BBC News Style Guide: by the British Broadcasting Corporation.
- The Economist Style Guide: by The Economist (UK).
- The Guardian Style Guide: by The Guardian (United Kingdom)
- The Times Style and Usage Guide, by The Times.
For the computer industry (software and hardware)
- Acorn Technical Publications Style Guide, by Acorn Computers. Provides editorial guidelines for text in RISC OS instructional publications, technical documentation, and reference information.
- RISC OS Style Guide by RISC OS Open Limited. Provides design guidelines, help and dialogue box phrasing examples for the software user interface.
In the United States, most non-journalism writing follows The Chicago Manual of Style, while most newspapers base their style on the Associated Press Stylebook. A classic style guide for the general public is The Elements of Style.
For general writing
- The Careful Writer, by Theodore Bernstein.
- Bryson's Dictionary of Troublesome Words: A Writer's Guide to Getting It Right, by Bill Bryson.
- Garner's Modern American Usage by Bryan A. Garner.
- The Classics of Style — presents writing guidance from William Strunk, Jr., Emerson, Whitman, Poe, and other writers.
- The Elements of Style. By William Strunk, Jr. and E. B. White. (Often referred to as "Strunk and White".)
For legal documents
- The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation. Jointly, by the Harvard Law Review, Yale Law Journal, Columbia Law Review, and Penn Law Review.
- ALWD Citation Manual, by the Association of Legal Writing Directors
- New York Style Manual: The Tanbook, by the New York State Reporter
For academic papers
- The Chicago Manual of Style. 16th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.
- A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, Seventh Edition: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers, by Kate L. Turabian. Often referred to as "Turabian."
- MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. By Joseph Gibaldi. (Often referred to as "MLA.")
- Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, by the American Psychological Association (APA)
- The Associated Press Stylebook. By the Associated Press (AP).
- The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage. By Allan M. Siegal and William G. Connolly.
- The Wall Street Journal Guide to Business Style and Usage, by Ronald J. Alsop and the Staff of the Wall Street Journal.
For electronic publishing
- The Columbia Guide to Online Style, by Janice Walker and Todd Taylor.
- Web Style Guide: Basic Design Principles for Creating Web Sites, by Patrick J. Lynch and Sarah Horton.
- The Business Style Handbook, An A-to-Z Guide for Effective Writing on the Job, by Helen Cunningham and Brenda Greene.
- The Gregg Reference Manual, by William A. Sabin.
For the computer industry (software and hardware)
- Apple Publications Style Guide by Apple Inc. Provides editorial guidelines for text in Apple instructional publications, technical documentation, reference information, training programs, and the software user interface.
- Microsoft Manual of Style for Technical Publications, by Microsoft Corporation. Provides a style standard for technical documentation including use of terminology, conventions, procedure, design treatments, and punctuation and grammar usage.
- Read Me First! A Style Guide for the Computer Industry, by Sun Technical Publications.
Editorial style guides on preparing a manuscript for publication
- The Chicago Manual of Style, by University of Chicago Press staff.
- Words into Type, by Marjorie E. Skillin, Roberta
- The Chicago Manual of Style—16th edition. The standard of the book publishing industry including trade and academic publishers as well as journal publications.
- A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (frequently called "Turabian style")—Published by Kate L. Turabian, the graduate school dissertation secretary at the University of Chicago from 1930 to 1958. The school required her approval for every master's thesis and doctoral dissertation. Her stylistic rules closely follow The Chicago Manual of Style, although there are some differences.
- ACS Style Guide—for scientific papers published in journals of the American Chemical Society.
- American Medical Association Manual of Style—for medical papers published in journals of the American Medical Association.
- American Psychological Association Style Guide—for the behavioral and social sciences; published by the American Psychological Association.
- American Sociological Association Style Guide—for the social sciences; published by the American Sociological Association.
- Geoscience Reporting Guidelines—for geoscience reports in industry, academia and other disciplines.
- Handbook of Technical Writing, 10th ed., by Gerald J. Alred, Charles T. Brusaw, and Walter E. Oliu.-for general technical writing.
- IEEE Style—used in many technical research papers, especially those relating to computer science.
- The Little Style Guide by Leonard G. Goss and Carolyn Stanford Goss—provides a distinctively religious examination of style and language for writers and editors in religion, philosophy of religion, and theology—ISBN 978-0-8054-2787-5.
- MHRA Style Guide—for the arts and humanities; published by the Modern Humanities Research Association. Available as a free download (see article).
- MLA Style Manual, 3rd ed., and the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed.—for subjects in the arts and the humanities; published by the Modern Language Association of America (MLA).
- SBL Handbook of Style—Society of Biblical Literature style manual specifically for the field of ancient Near Eastern, biblical, and early Christian studies. The SBL Handbook of Style includes a recommended standard format for abbreviation of Primary Sources in Ancient Near Eastern, biblical, and early Christian Studies.
- Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 8th ed—for scientific papers published by the Council of Science Editors (CSE), a group formerly known as the Council of Biology Editors (CBE).
- The Style Manual for Political Science—used by many American political science journals; published by the American Political Science Association.
- GLAAD Media Reference Guide, 8th ed., GLAAD College Media Reference Guide, 1st ed., GLAAD Chinese Media Reference Guide, 1st ed. - published by GLAAD to encourage media outlets to use language and practices inclusive of LGBT people. Available as a free download.
- Casagrande, June. Grammar Snobs Are Great Big Meanies: A Guide to Language for Fun and Spite. Penguin, 2006.
- Library of Congress Catalog Record for The Business Style Handbook, 2nd edition: http://lccn.loc.gov/2012033481
- Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers ISBN 978-0-226-11649-5