List of saints canonized by Pope Pius XII

Main article: Pope Pius XII

Pope Pius XII (1939–1958) canonized numerous saints, including Pope Pius X and Maria Goretti. He beatified Pope Innocent XI.

The Saints

The first canonizations of Pope Pius XII were two women, the founder of a female order, Mary Euphrasia Pelletier, and a nanny and housekeeper, Gemma Galgani. Pelletier had a reputation for opening new ways for Catholic charities, helping people in difficulties with the law, who so far were neglected by the system and the Church. Galgani was an unknown woman whose virtue, charity and devotion became model by her canonization.[1]

The saints are:

No.SaintDate of CanonizationPlace of Canonization
1.Mary Euphrasia Pelletier2 May 1940St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
2.Gemma Galgani2 May 1940St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
3.Margaret of Hungary19 November 1943Vatican City
4.Frances Xavier Cabrini7 July 1946St. Peter's Square, Vatican City
5.Nicholas of Flüe15 May 1947Vatican City
6.Bernardino Realino22 June 1947Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
7.John de Brito22 June 1947Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
8.Joseph Cafasso22 June 1947Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
9.Jeanne-Elisabeth Bichier des Ages6 July 1947Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
10.Michael Garicoits6 July 1947Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
11.Louis de Montfort20 July 1947Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
12.Catherine Labouré20 July 1947Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
13.Jeanne de Lestonnac15 May 1949Rome, Italy
14.Maria Giuseppa Rossello12 June 1949Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City
15.Emilie de Rodat[2]23 April 1950Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City
16.Antonio Maria Claret7 May 1950Rome, Italy
17.Bartolomea Capitanio18 May 1950Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
18.Vincenza Gerosa18 May 1950Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
19.Joan of France, Duchess of Berry28 May 1950Vatican City
20.Vincent Strambi11 June 1950Rome, Italy
21.Maria Goretti[3]24 June 1950Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City
22.Mariana de Jesús de Paredes9 July 1950Rome, Italy
23.Emily de Vialar24 June 1951St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
24.Maria Domenica Mazzarello24 June 1951St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
25.Antonio Maria Gianelli21 October 1951Rome, Italy
26.Francis Bianchi21 October 1951Rome, Italy
27.Ignatius of Laconi21 October 1951Rome, Italy
28.Pope Pius X[4]29 May 1954Rome, Italy
29.Dominic Savio[5]12 June 1954Rome, Italy
30.Gaspar del Bufalo12 June 1954Rome, Italy
31.Joseph Pignatelli12 June 1954Rome, Italy
32.Maria Crocifissa di Rosa[6]12 June 1954Rome, Italy
33.Peter Chanel12 June 1954Rome, Italy

He named Saint Casimir the patron saint of all youth. Saint Catherine of Siena and Saint Francis of Assisi were named Patron Saints of Italy on 5 May 1940 just before Italy entered the Second World War.

Pope Pius XII opened the canonization procedures for Pope Pius IX, who was beatified by Pope John Paul II.[1]

Pius X

On 29 May 1954, less than three years after his beatification, Pius X was canonized, following recognition of two more miracles. The first involved Francesco Belsami, an attorney from Naples who had a fatal pulmonary abscess, who was cured after placing a picture of Pope Pius X upon his chest. The second miracle involved Sr. Maria Ludovica Scorcia, a nun who was afflicted with a serious neurotropic virus, and who, after several novenas, was entirely cured. The Canonization mass was presided over by Pius XII at Saint Peter's Basilica before a crowd of about 800,000[7] of the faithful and church officials at St. Peter's Basilica. Pius X became the first Pope to be canonized since the 17th century.

Maria Goretti

Pope Pius XII canonized Saint Maria Goretti as a virgin and martyr saint of the Roman Catholic Church. Maria's mother, nicknamed "Mamma Assunta" by her neighbors, was present at the ceremony; she was the first mother ever to attend the canonization ceremony of her child, along with her four remaining sons and daughters. Her murderer Serenelli also was present at the canonization[8]

Because of the huge number of visitors, the canonisation of Maria Goretti by Pope Pius XII, was held outside at Piazza San Pietro on June 24, 1950. The Pope spoke, not as before in Latin, but in Italian. "We order and declare, that the blessed Maria Goretti can be venerated as a Saint and We introduce her into the Canon of Saints". Some 500 000 people, among them a majority of youth, had come from around the World. Pope Pius asked them:

A resounding Yes was the answer.[9]

Innocent XI

Pope Innocent XI, personally a holy man, was highly controversial even hated, because of his opposition to the French monarchy and its aspirations for European hegemony; but also for his family's engagement in money-lending. He opposed French attempts to usurp the traditional liberties of the Church, for example in nominating its bishops. He opposed Gallicanism, the Gallican Liberties demanded by the French king. The case for his canonization was introduced in 1714 but the strong emotional and political influence of France forced a postponement until Pope Pius XII, who reintroduced the case, announced his beatification on 7 October 1956.

Placet Eugenio

The Placet Eugenio was the required final approval by the Pope of proposed candidates. Not all, who had passed the Vatican tribunals, received the Placet Eugenio. In one instance, Pius found, that the candidate, supposedly a model of virtue, had consistently used foul language.[10] Refusing to accept the Vatican defense, that this kind of language was custom in that region, he stopped the proceedings shortly before their conclusion. Another person, belonging to a large religious order, was refused the honour of the altars, because he turned out to be a chain smoker. "Monsignore, as long as I am alive, this Causa will not find approval" This case too was almost completed and the relatives and members of the order were quite disappointed.[10]

American Saints

According to Halecki and Murray, Pius has shown a particular interest in the discovery and recognition of sanctity among American religious leaders and pioneers of the Church movement. The first "American" saint was canonized during his pontificate, when Mother Cabrini, an Italian born nun with American citizenship, was raised to sainthood in St. Peter’s Basilica.[11] Pius also accelerated the canonization of other Americans, including American born Mother Seton of Emmitsburg, Maryland, founder of the Sisters of Charity. Fourteen months after his death, she was declared Venerable and was later beatified by Pope John XXIII and canonized by Pope Paul VI. Pope Pius supported also the case of an American Indian woman from the Mohawk tribe, Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha, who was declared "Venerable" by him in 1943.[12]


Among the persons beatified by Pius XII, a majority are women, with Spanish, Italian and French backgrounds and others.[13]

No.BlessedDate of BeatificationPlace of Beatification
1.Emily de Vialar18 June 1939Rome, Italy
2.Justin de Jacobis25 June 1939St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
3.Rose Philippine Duchesne12 May 1940St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
4.Maria Crocifissa di Rosa26 May 1940St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
5.Émilie de Rodat9 June 1940St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
6.Ignatius of Laconi16 June 1940Rome, Italy
7.Magdalene of Canossa7 December 1941St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
8.Sophie-Thérèse de Soubiran La Louvière20 October 1946St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
9.Ignazia Verzeri27 October 1946St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
10.The Franciscan Martyrs of China24 November 1946St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
11.Contardo Ferrini13 April 1947Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City
12.Maria Goretti27 April 1947Rome, Italy
13.Alix Le Clerc4 May 1947Vatican City
14.Jeanne Delanoue8 November 1947Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City
15.Benildus Romancon4 April 1948Vatican City
16.Vincent Pallotti22 January 1950Rome, Italy
17.Maria Soledad Torres y Acosta5 February 1950Vatican City
18.Vincentia Maria López y Vicuña19 February 1950St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
19.Dominic Savio5 March 1950Rome, Italy
20.Paola Elisabetta Cerioli19 March 1950Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
21.Anne-Marie Javouhey15 October 1950Rome, Italy
22.Francis Fasani15 April 1951Rome, Italy
23.Placide Viel6 May 1951Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
24.Pope Pius X3 June 1951Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
25.Rose Venerini4 May 1952Rome, Italy
26.Maria Assunta Pallotta7 November 1954St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
27.Jean-Martin Moye21 November 1954Rome, Italy
28.Tommaso Riccardi5 December 1954St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
29.Marcellin Champagnat29 May 1955St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
30.John Baptist Turpin du Cormier19 June 1955Rome, Italy
31.Pope Innocent XI7 October 1956St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
32.Eugénie Smet26 May 1957Rome, Italy

See also



  1. 1 2 Lehnert, 163
  2. Pius XII beatified Emilie Rodat in 1940, and in 1950 canonized her.
  3. Pius XII beatified and canonized Maria Goretti
  4. Pius XII beatified Pius X in 1950 and canonized him in 1954
  5. Pius XII beatified Dominic Savio in 1950 and canonized him in 1954.
  6. Pius XII beatified her in 1940 in 1940
  7. The Canon Process - Museo San Pio X
  8. Vinzenz Ruef, Die Wahre Geschichte von der hl. Maria Goretti, Miriam, Jestetten, 1992, ISBN 3-87449-101-3 p.71
  9. 1 2 Lehnert, 162
  10. Oscar Hallecki, James Murray, Jr. Pius XII, Eugenio Pacelli, Pope of Peace, New York, 1954, p.380
  11. The Daily Catholic, July 2000
  12. Jan Olav Smit, Pope Pius XII, London and Dublin 1951, pp 280–281
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