List of rivers of Europe

Main European drainage divides (red lines) separating catchments (green regions)

These are the main rivers in Europe (ecologically, the extreme west of the Palearctic ecozone - which includes Russia in the east). See each article for their tributaries, drainage areas, etc. For clarity, only rivers longer than 100 kilometres (or very significant in another way) are shown in this list. Shorter rivers can be found in the lists by country.

Longest rivers

Rivers over 250 km:

River km mi Draining into
(tributary of)
Volga3,6922,294Caspian Sea[1]
Danube2,8601,780Black Sea
Ural2,4281,509Caspian Sea
Dnieper2,2901,420Black Sea
Don1,9501,210Sea of Azov
Pechora1,8091,124Barents Sea
Kama1,8051,221Caspian Sea (Volga)
Northern DvinaVychegda1,7741,102White Sea
Oka1,500932Caspian Sea (Volga)
Belaya1,430889Caspian Sea (Kama)
Dniester1,362846Black Sea
Rhine1,236768North Sea
Elbe1,091678North Sea
Donets1,050653Black Sea (Don)
Vistula1,047651Baltic Sea
Tagus1,038645Atlantic Ocean
Daugava1,020630Baltic Sea
Loire1,013629Atlantic Ocean
Tisza965603Black Sea (Danube)
Prut953592Black Sea (Danube)
Sava940586Black Sea (Danube)
Neman937582Baltic Sea
Meuse925575North Sea
Douro897557Atlantic Ocean
Kuban870540Sea of Azov
Mezen857533Barents Sea
Oder854531Baltic Sea
Warta808502Baltic Sea (Vistula)
Mureș789493Black Sea (Tisza — Danube)
Seine776482Atlantic Ocean
Bug772480Baltic Sea (Vistula) (Narew)
Göta älv-Klarälven756470 Kattegat
Drava749465Black Sea (Danube)
Guadiana742461Atlantic Ocean
Siret706439Black Sea (Danube)
Po682424Adriatic Sea
Guadalquivir657408Atlantic Ocean
Olt615382Black Sea (Danube)
Garonne602374Atlantic Ocean
NevaSvirSuna578361Baltic Sea
Kemijoki550342Baltic Sea
Moselle545338North Sea (Rhine)
Dal River542337Baltic Sea
Torne522324Baltic Sea
Neris510320Baltic Sea (Neman River)
Narew484301Baltic Sea (Vistula)
Maritsa/Evros480298Aegean Sea
Mur480298Black Sea (Danube) (Drava)
Ume River467290Baltic Sea
Ångerman River463288Baltic sea
Lule River461287Baltic Sea
Kalix River461287Baltic Sea
Vindel River453281Baltic Sea (Ume River)
Gauja452281Baltic Sea
San443275Baltic Sea (Vistula)
Ljusnan443275Baltic Sea
Skellefte River440273Baltic Sea
Indal River430267Baltic Sea
Vltava430267North Sea (Elbe)
Ialomița417259Black Sea (Danube)
Struma415258Aegean Sea
Adige 410255Adriatic Sea
Tiber 406254Mediterranean
Váh 406252Black Sea (Danube)
Pite River402250Baltic Sea
Faxälven399248Baltic Sea (Ångerman River)
Ljungan399248Baltic Sea
Vardar388241Aegean Sea
Someș388241Black Sea (Danube) (Tisa)
PaatsjokiIvalojoki380236Barents Sea
Muonionjoki380236Baltic Sea (Torne)
Iijoki370230Baltic Sea
Iskar368228Black Sea (Danube)
River Shannon361224Atlantic Ocean
VormaGudbrandsdalslågen358222Skagerrak (Glomma)
Morava354220Black Sea (Danube)
River Severn354220Atlantic Ocean
Argeș350217Black Sea (Danube)
Tundzha350217Aegean Sea (Maritsa)
TanaAnarjohka348216Barents Sea
Thames346215North Sea
Drina346215Black Sea (Danube) (Sava)
Venta346215Baltic Sea
Minho340212Atlantic Ocean (Lugo)
Jiu339211Black Sea (Danube)
Timiș339211Black Sea (Danube)
Drin335208Adriatic Sea
Haliacmon322200Aegean Sea
Västerdal River315196Baltic Sea (Dal River)
West Morava/(Zapadna Morava)308191Black Sea (Danube) (Great Morava)
Norrström306190Baltic Sea
Buzău302188Black Sea (Danube) (Siret)
Ounasjoki300186Baltic Sea (Kemijoki)
Šešupė298185Baltic Sea (Neman River)
Kupa297185Black Sea (Danube) (Sava)
South Morava/(Južna Morava)295183Black Sea (Danube) (Great Morava)
Dâmbovița286178Black Sea (Danube) (Argeș)
Yantra285177Black Sea (Danube)
Motala ström285177Baltic Sea
Bistrița283176Black Sea (Danube) (Siret)
Jijia275171Black Sea (Danube) (Prut)
Vjosë/Aoos272169Adriatic Sea
Bosna271168Black Sea (Danube) (Sava)
Fjällsjöälven263163Baltic Sea (Ångerman River)
Lainio River260162Baltic Sea (Torne)
SnarumselvaHallingdalselva257160Skagerrak (Drammenselva)
Bega256159Black Sea (Danube) (Tisa)

In the list below, the European rivers are grouped by the sea or ocean into which they flow. They are sorted along the coastline of the seas and oceans. Rivers that flow into other rivers are sorted in orographic order, i.e., by the proximity of their points of confluence to the sea.

Note for additions: please remember to add the city where the river meets for each river.

Barents Sea and White Sea (Arctic Ocean)

The rivers in this section are sorted east (Novaya Zemlya) to west (North Cape, Norway).

In Russia:

In Norway:

Atlantic Ocean

On Iceland

The river Þjórsá with the glaciers Tindfjallajökull and Eyjafjallajökull

Norwegian coast

In Norway:

Irish coast

In Northern Ireland:

In the Republic of Ireland (including Celtic Sea):

British coast

The Bristol Channel:

French, Spanish and Portuguese coast

The rivers in this section are sorted north (Brest) to south (Tarifa).

In France:

The Loire in Orléans.
The Garonne in Toulouse.
The Pas in Cantabria, Spain.

In Spain:

In Portugal:

In Spain:

Baltic Sea

The rivers in this section are sorted clockwise, starting from Helsingborg (south Sweden).

In Sweden

Dal River (Swedish: Dalälven) in Sweden

In Finland

Aurajoki flowing past Turku cathedral

In Russia

In Estonia

Narva River as it flows between Ivangorod in Russia and Narva in Estonia

In Latvia

Lielupe River as it flows past Jelgava Palace

In Lithuania

In Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast)

In Poland

The Oder in Szczecin

In Germany

The Trave in Lübeck

Black Sea

The rivers in this section are sorted west (Istanbul) to east (Sochi).

In Bulgaria

In Romania

In Ukraine

Dniester river near Ţipova in Moldova

In Russia

Caspian Sea

The rivers in this section are sorted west to north-east.

In Russia

Volga in Yaroslavl (autumn morning)

In Kazakhstan

English Channel

North coast

The rivers in this section are sorted west (Lizard Point, Cornwall) to east (Ramsgate).

In Britain:

South coast

The rivers in this section are sorted east (Calais) to west (Brest).

In France:

Irish Sea

The rivers in this section are sorted clockwise, starting from the (Mull of Kintyre).

In Britain:

In Ireland:


Western Mediterranean

This section includes the Ligurian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea. The rivers are sorted from west (Tarifa) to east (Reggio Calabria).

In Spain:

In France:

In Italy:

Adriatic Sea

The rivers in this section are sorted clockwise, from Otranto, southern Italy, to Vlorë in southern Albania.

In Italy:

The Adige in Verona

In Croatia:

In Bosnia and Herzegovina:

In Montenegro:

In Albania:

Ionian Sea

West coast

The rivers in this section are sorted south-west to north-east from Reggio Calabria to Otranto.

In Italy:

East coast

The rivers in this section are sorted north-west to south-east from Vlorë to Cape Malea.

In Greece

Aegean Sea

The rivers in this section are sorted west (Cape Malea) to east (Istanbul).

In Greece:

In Turkey:

North Sea

The rivers in this section are given clockwise along the North Sea coast, starting from Bergen, Norway.

In Norway

In Sweden

In Denmark

In Germany

The Weser near Bad Oeynhausen.

In the Netherlands

The Rhine at the Loreley
Hotton, view on the Ourthe river and the city church.
The Scheldt in Antwerp

In Belgium

In France

In Britain

Aerial view of the Thames in London
The mouth of the Gaywood River at King's Lynn.
The Mouth of the River Burn at Overy Creek, Norfolk

See also

Other continents


  1. Dècouvre L'EUROPE

European countries

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