List of rivers of Antarctica

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Antarctic melt stream

This is a list of rivers of Antarctica. Although they are variously named river, creek or stream, those listed are technically all meltwater streams.


Name of River GPS Coordinates Comments
Adams Stream 78°6′S 163°45′E / 78.100°S 163.750°E / -78.100; 163.750 A glacial meltwater stream, 0.5 mile long. It flows from the snout of Adams Glacier into Lake Miers in Miers Valley, Denton Hills, Scott Coast. Named in association with Adams Glacier.[1]
Aiken Creek 77°36′S 163°17′E / 77.600°S 163.283°E / -77.600; 163.283 A glacial meltwater stream in Taylor Valley, Victoria Land, which flows north from the unnamed glacier west of Wales Glacier to Many Glaciers Pond, then west to Lake Fryxell. The feature is 4 miles (6 km) long and receives some tributary flow from Wales Glacier. The name was suggested by hydrologist Diane McKnight, leader of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) team which made extensive studies of the hydrology and geochemistry of streams and ponds in the Lake Fryxell basin, 1987-94. Named after USGS hydrologist George R. Aiken, a member of the field team in three summer seasons, 1987–91, who assisted in establishing stream gauging stations on the streams flowing into Lake Fryxell in the 1990-91 season.[2]
Alph River 78°12′S 163°45′E / 78.200°S 163.750°E / -78.200; 163.750 A glacial meltwater stream
Lawson Creek 77°43′S 162°16′E / 77.717°S 162.267°E / -77.717; 162.267 A glacial meltwater stream, 400 m long, flowing southeast from the southwest tip of Rhone Glacier (Antarctica) to the northwest corner of Lake Chad in Taylor Valley, Victoria Land. Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) in 1996 after Wendy Julia Lawson, glaciologist, University of Canterbury, New Zealand, leader of an expedition that studied glacial processes on Taylor Glacier during the 1992 and 1993 summer seasons.[3]
Onyx River 77°32′00″S 161°34′01″E / 77.5333°S 161.567°E / -77.5333; 161.567 A glacial meltwater stream, also the longest river in Antarctica, at 32 km long.
Priscu Stream 77°39′S 162°45′E / 77.650°S 162.750°E / -77.650; 162.750 A glacial meltwater stream, 3.8 long, flowing southwest from southeast end of Lacroix Glacier to the northeast end of East Lake Bonney in Taylor Valley, Victoria Land. It is also fed from Solls Glacier (via Bohner Stream), and by Doran Stream (3 km), and flows through Spiegel Pond. Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) in 1996 after John C. Priscu, ecologist, Montana State University; principal investigator from 1984 on numerous studies of marine and fresh water systems in the McMurdo region and the author of numerous papers on the ecology of this area; led first WINFLY expedition (1991) into the McMurdo Dry Valleys.[4]
Rezovski Creek 62°38′28″S 60°21′57″W / 62.64111°S 60.36583°W / -62.64111; -60.36583 A glacial meltwater stream, 500 m long, draining that portion of the northwestern slope of Balkan Snowfield located between Hesperides Hill, Atlantic Club Ridge, Krum Rock and Sinemorets Hill in eastern Livingston Island. The arms of Rezovski Creek encompass the old buildings of the Bulgarian Base. Its lower course forms the Grand Lagoon, and has its mouth at the southwest extremity of Bulgarian Beach used as embarkation place servicing St. Kliment Ohridski Base. Named on 29 October 1996 after Rezovska River in southeastern Bulgaria; the name was established in use at the time of approval.
Surko Stream 77°25′S 163°44′E / 77.417°S 163.733°E / -77.417; 163.733 A glacial meltwater stream, 1 mile (1.6 km) south of Gneiss Point on the coast of Victoria Land. It issues from the front of Wilson Piedmont Glacier and flows eastward to Arnold Cove. The stream was studied by Robert L. Nichols, geologist for Metcalf and Eddy, Engineers, Boston, MA, which made engineering studies here under contract to the U.S. Navy in the 1960-61 season. Named by Nichols for Lieutenant Alexander Surko, U.S. Navy, second-in-command of the Navy party that worked on the aircraft landing strip close north of this stream.[5]
Jemmi Creek 63°51′9″S 57°56′22″W / 63.85250°S 57.93944°W / -63.85250; -57.93944 A meltwater stream in the Abernethy Flats, James Ross Island, with multiple sources (all of glacial origin), including the main James Ross Island ice cap and a smaller cap east of the river's estuary. In April 2014, Cooper Millman (the leader of a certain micronation) measured the length of the river's tributaries to be 10.3 kilometres long, from the main ice cap to the estuary, a shallow bay with 2 large islands. The tributary he measured passes through a large pond. The coordinates mentioned before are in the estuary, between the two islands.

See also


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