List of dystopian films

This is a list of dystopian films. A dystopia (from the Greek δυσ- and τόπος, alternatively, cacotopia,[1] kakotopia, cackotopia, or anti-utopia) is an imaginary community or society that is undesirable or frightening.[2][3] It is literally translated as "not-good place", an antonym of utopia. Such societies appear in many artistic works, particularly in stories set in a future. Dystopias are often characterized by dehumanization,[2] totalitarian governments, ruthless megacorporations, environmental disaster,[3] or other characteristics associated with a dramatic decline in society. Dystopian societies appear in many subgenres of fiction and are often used to draw attention to potential as well as real-world trends and issues in society, which can range from environmental, cultural, political, economical, religious, psychological, ethical, scientific to technological issues, which if unaddressed could potentially lead to dystopia.


Title Year Comments References
The 10th Victim1965In the near future, wars are avoided by giving people a chance to kill in the Big Hunt, which is also the most popular form of entertainment. Based on Robert Sheckley's short story, "Seventh Victim" (1953).[4]
12 Monkeys1995A convict is sent back in time to gather information about a virus that wiped out most of the human population. Based on Chris Marker's short film La Jetée (1962).[5][6][7]:34
The 1002014Armageddon destroys civilization on Earth; the only survivors are those on the 12 international space stations in orbit at the time. Three generations later, the ark's leaders send 100 juvenile prisoners back to the planet to test its habitability.
19841956Loosely based on George Orwell's 1949 novel of the same name about a bureaucrat who falls in love in a futuristic totalitarian surveillance state.[8]
20812009Short film adaptation of Kurt Vonnegut's Harrison Bergeron (1961). "Everyone is finally equal".[9]
A.I.2001Based on Brian Aldiss' short story "Super-Toys Last All Summer Long" (1969). A robot boy has emotions but is not understood by the rest of society.[10][11]
Æon Flux2005Loosely based on Peter Chung's 1991 animated television series of the same name. Aeon Flux is a mysterious assassin working for the Monicans, a group of rebels trying to overthrow the government.[12]
The Age of Stupid2009 An unnamed archivist (Pete Postlethwaite) lives alone in the devasted world of 2055, looking back at “archive” footage from 2007 and asking: why didn’t we stop climate change when we had the chance?
Alphaville1965A secret agent is sent to the distant space city of Alphaville where he must find a missing person and free the city from its tyrannical ruler.[13]
The Animatrix2003[14]
Atlas Shrugged: Part I2011Based on Ayn Rand 1957 novel. An alliance forms to fight the increasingly authoritarian government of the United States.[17]
Babylon A.D.2008Veteran-turned-mercenary Toorop takes the high-risk job of escorting a woman from Russia to America. Little does he know that she is host to an organism that a cult wants to harvest in order to produce a genetically modified Messiah.[21][22]
Back to the Future Part II1989 Alternative 1985 of hill valley ran by Biff Tannen.
Batman1989Based on the DC Comics character of the same name, directed by Tim Burton.[23]
Battle Royale2000Based on the novel and manga of the same name.[6]
Battlefield Earth2000film adaptation of L. Ron Hubbard's 1982 novel, starring John Travolta.[10]
Blade Runner1982Loosely based on Philip K. Dick's novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (1968).[12][24][25][26][27]
The Blood of Heroes1989"In a post apocalyptic world there is a violent game similar to football, that has become a way of life.<[29]
Book of Eli2010A post-apocalyptic tale, in which a lone man fights his way across America in order to protect a sacred book that holds the secrets to saving humankind.[30]
The Bothersome Man2006In a strange city where every person seems content beyond reason a new man arrives in town and stirs up trouble by asking too many questions.[31][32]
A Boy and His Dog1974 Focus on the survival of a boy and a intelligent dog on post-apocalyptical wasteland in 2024. Based on the 1969 cycle of narratives by fantasy author Harlan Ellison titled "A Boy and His Dog". [10]
Brave New World1980In a futuristic totalitarian society, people have no control of their roles in society or lives/destiny.[10]
Brazil1985A bureaucrat in a retro-future world tries to correct an administrative error and himself becomes an enemy of the state.[4][7]:39[12][24][33][34]
CHAPPiE2015The film was directed by Neill Blomkamp (who also directed District 9) and based on his short film Tetra Vaal (2004).[37] In it the South African government purchases a squadron of high-tech, autonomous robots (AI) in response to a record high crime rate in Johannesburg and uses them as a mechanized police force. One of these police droids, "Chappie", is stolen and given new programming which causes him to be the first robot with the ability to think and feel for himself.[20][38][39]
Cherry 20001987[40]
Children of Men2006Directed by Alfonso Cuarón, based on P.D. James' 1992 novel of the same name. In 2027, in a chaotic world in which women have become somehow infertile, a former activist agrees to help transport a miraculously pregnant woman to a sanctuary at sea.[12][24][25][41]
City of Ember2008After a war on earth the remaining future generations are sent to an underground world to live until the earth surface can support life, an unfortunate set of circumstances keeps them underground for longer than planned but they eventually find the way out after 2 brave children discover the way.[42]
City of Lost Children1995French film directed by Jean-Pierre Jeunet.[6]
A Clockwork Orange1971Adapted from Anthony Burgess' 1962 novella of the same name. In a future England ruled by gangs, the government brainwashes one particular hoodlum into subservience.[10][24][43]
Cloud Atlas2012[20][44][45]
Code 462003A futuristic 'Brief Encounter', a love story in which the romance is doomed by genetic incompatibility.[4]
Colossus: The Forbin Project1970The film which is based upon Dennis Feltham Jones' science fiction novel Colossus (1966), is about a massive American defense computer, named Colossus, becoming sentient after being activated and deciding to assume control of the world and all human affairs for the good of mankind[46] during the imminent threat of nuclear war.[47][47][48][49][50]
The Congress2013The Congress is a late-capitalist dystopia in which a corporate media behemoth "Miramount" has effectively usurped control of all human consciousness.[51] In it an aging actress decides to scan her body to sign over to Miramount Studios which allows the company to digitize every trait that she possesses and use it in any movie they choose. The hallucinogenic live-action/animation film represents corporate interests taking advantage of the individual and was partly inspired by Stanisław Lem's novel The Futurological Congress.[51][52][53][54]
Dark City1998A man struggles with memories of his past, including a wife he cannot remember, in a nightmarish world with no sun and run by beings with telekinetic powers who seek the souls of humans.[6][10]
Dark Metropolis2010Mankind has lost a 300-year war against a genetically enhanced race that man created, abused and finally tortured. Now the descendants of that race - known as the 'Ghen' control the planet Earth from advanced underground cities.[55][56][57]
The Day the Earth Caught Fire1961[26]
Daybreakers2009In the year 2019, a plague has transformed almost every human into vampires. Faced with a dwindling blood supply, the fractured dominant race plots their survival.[58][59]
Dead End Drive-In1986[60]
Death Race2008Remake of the film Death Race 2000 (1975). Ex-con Jensen Ames is forced by the warden of a notorious prison to compete in our post-industrial world's most popular sport: a car race in which inmates must brutalize and kill one another on the road to victory.[61]
Death Race 20001975The film takes place in a dystopian American society in the year 2000, where the murderous Transcontinental Road Race has become a form of national entertainment.[4][62][63][64]
Death Watch1980[48]
Demolition Man1993A cop is brought out of suspended animation in prison to pursue an old ultra-violent enemy who is loose in a nonviolent future society.[26][65]
Le Dernier Combat1983[66][67][68]
District 92009An extraterrestrial race forced to live in slum-like conditions on Earth suddenly finds a kindred spirit in a government agent who is exposed to their biotechnology.[11][20]
Divergent2014 Based on the adaption of Veronica Roth's novels of the same names, In a world divided by factions based on virtues, Tris learns she's Divergent and won't fit in.[4][20][69][70][71][72][73]
The Divergent Series: Insurgent2015 After the series of events and death of her parents in Divergent, Tris Prior tries to figure out what the Abnegation were trying to protect and why the Erudite leaders will do anything to stop them.[20][74][75]
Dredd2012Adapted from the comic book of the same name.[20][77][78]
Elysium2013In this film wealth inequality, the alienation of the super-rich and class conflict are taken to the extreme: in the year 2154, the very wealthy live on a man-made luxurious space station while the rest of the population resides on a ruined Earth. A man takes on a mission that could bring equality to the polarized worlds. It explores political and sociological themes such as immigration, overpopulation, health care, exploitation, the justice system, and social class issues.[80][20][81][82]
The End of Evangelion1997[25]
Ender's Game2013Based on the novel of the same name by Orson Scott Card.[83]
Equals2015Two people infected with a disease regain their ability to feel compassion and emotion in a society where emotions no longer exist.
Equilibrium2002In a totalitarian future where all forms of feeling are illegal and citizens are required to take daily drug-injections to suppress emotion and encourage obedience, a man in charge of enforcing the law rises to overthrow the system.[12]
Escape from L.A.1996Sequel to the 1981 film, Escape from New York.[20][84]
Escape from New York1981In 1997, when the US President crashes into Manhattan, now a giant maximum security prison, a convicted bank robber is sent in for a rescue. It extrapolates the crime and decay of inner cities.[47][10][24]
eXistenZ1999Directed by David Cronenberg.[71]
Fahrenheit 4511966Based on Ray Bradbury's novel of the same name. In an oppressive future, a fireman whose duty is to destroy all books begins to question his task.[10][12][41]
Fantastic Planet1973[48]
FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions2004[85]
The Fifth Element1997A big ball of evil, in collaboration with a corporate kingpin, plots Earth's destruction.[86]
Forbidden Planet1956A manned mission looks for a scientist on a strange planet.[26]
Fortress1993A futuristic prison movie. Protagonist and wife are nabbed at a future US emigration point with an illegal baby during population control.[65]
Freejack1992In the future, the rich extend their lives by stealing other peoples' lives.[26]
Futureworld1976Sequel to Westworld.[87]
Gamer2009In a future mind-controlling game, death row convicts are forced to battle. A convict controlled by a skilled teenage gamer must survive 30 sessions in order to be set free.[88]
Gattaca1997In this biopunk dystopia genetic engineering creates an underclass. One of these so-called genetically inferior "in-valids" assumes the identity of a superior one in order to pursue his lifelong dream of space travel.[6][10][12][89]
Ghost in the Shell1995[90]
The Giver2014 A dark, quiet, but powerful futuristic political tale in which a 12-year-old boy must search for the truth in a world free of war, crime, disease, poverty, unfairness, and injustice.[20][69][70][71][72]
The Handmaid's Tale1990In a dystopically polluted rightwing religious tyranny, a young woman is put in sexual slavery on account of her now rare fertility.[10][12][72]
Harrison Bergeron1995A cable television movie adapted from the short story of the same name by Kurt Vonnegut.[9]
Hobo with a Shotgun2011Directed by Jason Eisener, starring Rutger Hauer in a despotic future where anarchy rules and one man with a shotgun aims to bring back some form of justice. Rated R.[92]
The Hunger Games2012Directed by Gary Ross, Based on Suzanne Collins' novel of the same name. Katniss Everdeen voluntarily takes her younger sister's place in the Hunger Games, a televised fight to the death in which two teenagers from each of the twelve Districts of Panem are chosen at random to compete.[20][24][64][69][70][72]
The Hunger Games: Catching Fire2013Directed by Francis Lawrence, Based on Suzanne Collins' Catching Fire.[10][20]
The Hunger Games: Mockingjay – Part 12014Directed by Francis Lawrence, Based on Suzanne Collins' Mockingjay.[20][69][71]
I Am Legend2007The third adaptation of Richard Matheson's 1954 novel I Am Legend.[10][93]
I, Robot2004Adapted from a series of short stories by Isaac Asimov.[10]
Idaho Transfer1973Directed by Peter Fonda in his directorial debut and starring Keith Carradine.[94]
Idiocracy2006An average man is selected for a top-secret hibernation program. When he wakes up 500 years later to discover he's the smartest person in a radically dumbed-down society.[65]
In Time2011In a future where people stop aging at 25, but are engineered to live only one more year, having the means to buy one's way out of the situation is a shot at immortal youth.[10][93]
The Inhabited Island2009Based on the 1969 book Prisoners of Power by Strugatskies. The most expensive Russian science fiction film to date (2015) is set on another planet (hence the title), with a country that is ruled by a totalitarian regime that brainwashes its citizens by towers that send a special kind of radiation erected across the country.[95][96]
Invasion of the Body Snatchers1978[48]
The Island2005A man goes on the run after he discovers that he is actually a "harvestable being", and is being kept as a source of replacement parts, along with others, in a facility.[97][98]
La Jetée1962In the aftermath of World War III scientists in Paris research time travel, hoping to send test subjects to different time periods "to call past and future to the rescue of the present". The short film by Chris Marker was constructed almost entirely from still photos and inspired the 1995 film 12 Monkeys.[99][100][101][102]
Johnny Mnemonic1995[103][104]
Judge Dredd1995Based on the comic of the same name: in a dystopian future, Dredd, the most famous judge (a cop with instant field judiciary powers) is convicted for a crime he did not commit while his murderous counterpart escapes.[105][106][107]
Kin-dza-dza!1986A 1986 Soviet sci-fi dystopian black comedy cult film.[7]:184[108]
Kite 2014 An orphaned assassin hunts down child slavery cartel members. Stars India Eisley.
Land of the Blind2006[41]
The Last Battle1983[109]
The Last Man on Earth1964The first of three adaptations of Richard Matheson's 1954 novel I Am Legend.[26]
The Lego Movie2014[64][110][111]
The Lobster2015Somewhere in the near future, single people face a choice: join a program to find a mate in forty-five days or be transformed into an animal..[112]
Logan's Run1976Depicts a dystopian future society in which population and the consumption of resources are managed by the simple notion of killing everyone who reaches the age of thirty.[10][12][87]
Looper2012In 2074, when the mob wants to get rid of someone, the target is sent into the past, where a hired gun awaits - someone like Joe - who one day learns the mob wants to 'close the loop' by sending back Joe's future self for assassination.[20][113]
Mad Max1979A lone cop is the only law in a future society run amok.[10][26][89][106]
Mad Max 2: The Road Warrior1981[6][10][24][89]
Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome1985[10][71][89]
Mad Max: Fury Road2015[73][114]
The Man Who Fell to Earth1976[115]
The Matrix1999A computer hacker learns from mysterious rebels about the true nature of his reality and his role in the war against its controllers.[10][12][24][71]
The Matrix Reloaded2003The second installment of The Matrix trilogy.[10]
The Matrix Revolutions2003The third installment of The Matrix trilogy.[10]
Max Headroom: 20 Minutes into the Future1985[116]
The Maze Runner2014Thomas is deposited in a community of boys after his memory is erased, soon learning they're all trapped in a maze that will require him to join forces with fellow "Runners" for a shot at escape. Based on the first book of The Maze Runner Trilogy written by James Dashner.[20][69][83]
Metropolis1927A German expressionist epic science-fiction film directed by Fritz Lang. A man living an ideal life in a big city discovers the truth about why his city seems so ideal.[6][10][12][26]
Metropolis2001Animated film by Osamu Tezuka.[48]
Minority Report2002Based on Philip K. Dick's short story The Minority Report. A police officer oversees a department that prevents crime with the help of beings who can predict it, but then he becomes a target.[41][71][89]
Natural City1997[119]
Never Let Me Go2010Based on Kazuo Ishiguro's 2005 novel of the same name.[10][25]
Nineteen Eighty-Four1984Based on George Orwell's 1949 novel of the same name.[10][12][24][26]
No Blade of Grass1970The film is based on Samuel Youd's novel The Death of Grass (1956) and highlights the terrifying effects of environmental pollution.[121][47][121][122]
Oblivion2013Based on Joseph Kosinski's unpublished graphic novel of the same name.[20][123][124]
The Omega Man1971The second of three adaptations of Richard Matheson's 1954 novel I Am Legend.[10][26]
On the Beach1959[48]
Paranoia 1.0 (originally One Point O) 2004The film is a Kafkaesque nightmare in which a young computer programmer is an unwitting guinea pig in a corporate experiment to test a new advertising scheme.[125][126]
Planet of the Apes (original series)1968—1973 Most of humanity is extinguished in a thermonuclear war. In the course of the two following millennia, intelligent apes (chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutans) become the dominant kind and establish an organized society. During the 40th century, an ultra-powerful nuclear bomb is launched as a last resort in a conflict between mutant humans and gorillas, ultimately destroying the entire planet.[4][10]
Planet of the Apes (reboot series)2011—present A colony of apes in a sanctuary is affected by a viral gas which enhances their intelligence. As a result, they flee the sanctuary and form an organized society apart from humans. Ten years later, that same virus causes a massive pandemic disease called the Simian flu, which ultimately wipes out all humans with the exception of those genetically immune to the virus. A group of immune human survivors form a colony and eventually engage in a war with the apes. [20][127][128]
Pleasantville1998A brother and sister get zapped into an idealistic TV show from the 1950s, but they realize that it's a sexually repressed society.[79]
The Postman1997[20][127]
Punishment Park1971[48]
The Purge2013In a futuristic America plagued by crime, the government sanctions a 12-hour period once a year in which all criminal activity is legal.[130]
The Purge: Anarchy2014[20][20][130]
Radio Free Albemuth2010The film based on Philip K. Dick's novel of the same name (posthumously published in 1985) is set in an alternate reality America circa 1985 under authoritarian control. In it a record store clerk receives hallucinatory missives from the alien satellite VALIS.[131][132]
Repo! The Genetic Opera2008This rock opera musical horror film takes place in the year 2056 where an epidemic of organ failures has devastated the planet. The mega-corporation GeneCo provides organ transplants on a payment plan. Clients who default on payments are hunted down by Repo Men: skilled assassins contracted by GeneCo to repossess organs, usually killing the clients in the process.[134][135]
Repo Man1984A young man gets given the task of repossessing cars.[136]
Repo Men2010Based on Eric Garcia's novel The Repossession Mambo.[137]
Resident Evil series2002—2012Science fiction horror franchise written and directed by Paul W. S. Anderson, based on the video game of the same name.[138]
The Road2009[10][24][93]
RoboCop1987Centers on a police officer who is brutally murdered and subsequently revived as a superhuman cyborg law enforcer.[12][89]
Rollerball1975A future society uses an ultra-violent game as entertainment.[20]
The Rover2014The contemporary western takes place in the Australian outback, ten years after a global economic collapse.[141][87][142][143]
The Running Man1987Loosely adapted from Stephen King's 1982 novel of the same name.[10][64]
A Scanner Darkly2006Adapted from Philip K. Dick's 1977 novel of the same name. A dangerous new drug causes the users to begin to lose their own identity.[144]
Silent Running1972In the future, Earth has eliminated all disease by paving over the natural world.[4][26][87]
Sleep Dealer2008[146]
Sleeper1973Awakened 200 years after an experiment gone bad, a nebbish finds it hard to survive in the weird future.[147]
Snowpiercer2013A plan to reverse global warming inadvertently freezes the entire planet. The survivors now live in a train that traverses the globe.[10][20][71]
Southland Tales2007[25]
Soylent Green1973Based on Harry Harrison's novel Make Room! Make Room! (1966). It centers around the issue of overpopulation.[47][10][20][26][41]
The Stand1994Based on Stephen King's 1978 novel of the same name. A mega-virus wipes out most of humanity. The few people who are immune congregate to try and form a new society.[93]
Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones2002[79]
Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith2005[79]
Strange Days1995Set in Los Angeles around New Years, 1999. Crime has run amok.[148][149]
Super Mario Bros.1993Two plumbers are transported into a dystopian Brooklyn run by the evil King Koopa.
Tank Girl1995 Based on the British comic series of the same name, a tank-riding anti-heroine fights a mega-corporation which controls the world's water supply.[151]
The Terminator1984A man gets sent back in time to prevent the murder of the mother of the future resistance leader.[10]
Terminator 2: Judgment Day1991A cyborg gets sent back in time to prevent the murder of the future resistance leader.[10]
Terminator 32003[10]
Terminator Salvation2009[10]
They Live1988Adapted from Ray Nelson's play Eight O'Clock in the Morning.[6][41]
The Thing1951A research crew in the Arctic discovers an alien.[26]
The Thing1982A shape-shifting alien terrorizes the crew at a research station in Antarctica.[26]
Things To Come1936Set 30–40 years in the future in the 1960s and 70s, society has broken down after years of war. A contagious disease spreads throughout the globe. Brutal warlords rule with an iron fist. Technology stagnates. But a brotherhood of engineers and mechanics works to restore civilization.[26]
THX 11381971Set in the 25th century, the story centers around a man and a woman who rebel against their rigidly controlled society. Also the first film by director George Lucas.[10][41][65]
The Time Machine1960Film adoption of H. G. Wells' novel The Time Machine (1895). A scientist travels 700,000 years into the future and finds the world divided between humans and strange beings.[153][154][155]
Total Recall1990Loosely based on Philip K. Dick's short story "We Can Remember It for You Wholesale" (1966).[89]
Total Recall2012Remake of the 1990 film of the same name.[20][156][157][158]
The Trial1962Based on Franz Kafka's novel of the same name, which was published in 1925. A man gets put on trial but cannot obtain any information about the charge.[48]
V for Vendetta2006Based on Alan Moore's graphic novel of the same name.[10][12][23][41]
WALL-E2008Centuries in the future, Earth had become toxic due to the extreme amounts of waste produced by a megacorporation, which also endorsed consumerism and technological dependency. [71][79]
Waterworld1995 Massive ice caps have melted, and all of Earth's land became submersed. The few surviving humans, who live in big ships and artificial atolls, are poor and ignorant, since they have lost most of their resources, as well as their technological and historical knowledge. [20][106][161]
Westworld1973Written and directed by Michael Crichton. A theme park focusing on the Old West goes haywire when the robots turn against the humans.[87]
When Worlds Collide1951An asteroid hurtles towards Earth, imperiling all life.[26]
World on a Wire1973German television movie (original title Welt am Draht), directed by Rainer Werner Fassbinder.[48][162]
X-Men: Days of Future Past2014The plot toggles between the political tumult of 1973 and a not-so-distant dystopian future. [163]
Z for Zachariah 2015 [164]
Zardoz1974The post-apocalypse population is divided into the immortal, technologically advanced but depressive "Eternals" and mortal, food-suppling, often exterminated "Brutals".[10][26][166]
The Zero Theorem2014[33]

See also


  1. Cacotopia (κακό, caco = bad) was the term used by Jeremy Bentham in his 19th century works (, )
  2. 1 2 "Definition of "dystopia"". Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster, Inc. 2012.
  3. 1 2 "Definition of "dystopia"". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. 2012.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Toro, Gabe (19 March 2014). "The Playlist: 15 Underseen And Overlooked Dystopian Futures In Film". Indie Wire.
  5. Pulver, Andrew (2 September 2013). "Terry Gilliam blames internet for the breakdown in 'real relationships'". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Santoni, Emilio (14 October 2014). "20 Great Dystopian Films That Are Worth Your Time". Taste of Cinema.
  7. 1 2 3 Hansen, Regina (2011). Roman Catholicism in Fantastic Film: Essays on Belief, Spectacle, Ritual and Imagery. McFarland.
  8. Aaronovitch, David (8 February 2013). "1984: George Orwell's road to dystopia". BBC News Magazine. United Kingdom: The BBC. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  9. 1 2 Perschon, Mike (13 April 2011). "2081: The World of Vonnegut's Harrison Bergeron".
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 Erbland, Kate (15 August 2014). "The Complete List: Everything You Will Find in a Dystopian Movie". Vanity Fair.
  11. 1 2 Smith, Ian Haydn (15 December 2014). "planet earth alert: 10 dystopian movies that warn us about our future". Sundance TV.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Bould, Mark; Butler, Andrew; Roberts, Adam; Vint, Sherryl, eds. (2009). The Routledge Companion to Science Fiction. Routledge.
  13. Brody, Richard (2009). Everything Is Cinema: The Working Life of Jean-Luc Godard. Macmillan. p. 230. ISBN 978-0-8050-8015-5.
  14. "Animatrix"+dystopia&hl=en The Routledge Companion to Science Fiction. Routledge . 2009. p. 471. ISBN 9780415453790.
  15. "Sick for celebrity". 31 January 2013. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
  16. Hill, Logan (12 April 2013). "'Antiviral' Explores Sickness of Celebrity Culture". Retrieved 8 June 2015.
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  26. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Dixon, Wheeler Winstead (1995). It Looks At You: The Returned Gaze of Cinema. SUNY Press.
  27. Film in Australia: An Introduction. 2006. p. 139. ISBN 978-0521613279. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
  28. Bradshaw, Peter (2008-11-21). "Film review: Blindness". The Guardian. London.
  30. Owen Gleiberman (January 15, 2010). "The Book of Eli". Entertainment Weekly. Time Warner. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
  31. Pham, Annika (14 March 2007). "The Bothersome Man". Retrieved 8 June 2015.
  32. Gorman, Julie (11 February 2011). "The Bothersome Man: Dystopia through Materialism". Retrieved 8 June 2015.
  33. 1 2 Moore, Bo (18 September 2014). "Terry Gilliam on His Epic New Dystopian Film The Zero Theorem". Wired.
  34. Falksen, GD (12 April 2011). "The Nightmare of the Absurd: Terry Gilliam's Brazil".
  35. Quiet Earth. ""Cargo" Could Be The Next Great Space Epic". io9.
  36. Derek Elley. "Review: 'Casshern'". Variety.
  37. Clark, Noelene (November 4, 2014). "Trailer: 'Chappie' brings Neill Blomkamp's childlike robot to life". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 15, 2014.
  38. Rose, Steve (7 March 2015). "Still Alice, Chappie, Kill The Messenger: this week's new films". Retrieved 15 June 2015.
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  42. Chang, Justin (Oct 13, 2008). "Eye-popping 'Ember' burns out". Variety. New York: Penske Business Media. 412 (9): 39.
  43. McDougal, Stuart Y. (7 July 2003). Stanley Kubrick's A Clockwork Orange. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-57488-4.
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  46. Colossus: The Forbin Project at the TCM Movie Database
  47. 1 2 3 4 5 Neoliberal Hegemony: A Global Critique. p. 164. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
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