List of political conspiracies

In a political sense, conspiracy refers to a group of people united in the goal of usurping, altering or overthrowing an established political power. Typically, the final goal is to gain power through a revolutionary coup d'état or through assassination. A conspiracy can also be used for infiltration of the governing system.

A conspiracy is to be contrasted with a cabal. The two are similar but have quite different connotations; in contrast to a cabal, a conspiracy usually looks to overthrow a fixed power instead of usurping it from within.

A "Conspiracy theory" is a belief that a conspiracy has actually been decisive in producing a political event which the theorists strongly disapprove of.[1]

Notable political conspiracies

This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.
Bye Plot, leads to the execution of Sir George Brooke[12]
Shelling of Mainila, "False Flag" terrorism by USSR as pretext for Winter War[20]

See also


  1. Joseph E. Uscinski and Joseph M. Parent, American Conspiracy Theories (2014) excerpt
  2. Hawass, Zahi, The Mysteries of Abu Simbel: Ramesses II and the Temples of the Rising Sun, The American University in Cairo Press, 2001, ISBN 977-424-623-3, p. 12
  3. "The Catilinarian Conspiracy".
  4. "The assassination of Julius Caesar, 44 BC". 2004.
  5. "The Pisonian Conspiracy".
  6. "The pazzi conspiracy".
  7. "The year of Lucretia d'Este, Duchess of Ferrara".
  8. "Plots against Elizabeth I". 29 January 2010.
  9. "Queen Elisabeth I".
  10. "The Babington Plot".
  11. "Anthony Babington and the Babington Plot".
  12. "Conspiracy".
  13. "The Gunpowder plot of 1605".
  14. Sciberras, Sandro. "Maltese History - E. The Decline of the Order of St John In the 18th Century" (PDF). St. Benedict College. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 June 2015.
  15. "Anjala Manor".
  16. "The Death of President Lincoln, 1865".
  17. "Emile Zola writes to Alfred Dreyfus at the height of the Dreyfus affair".
  18. "Jews and Politics in the Twentieth Century: From the Bund to the Rise of the Nazis". Judaica in the Collections of the Hoover Institution Archives. Hoover Institution, Stanford University. 2004. Archived from the original on 2006-06-13. Retrieved 2006-04-28.
  19. Hans Schafranek, Natalia Musienko, "The Fictitious 'Hiter-Jugend' of the Moscow NKVD" in: Barry McLoughlin, Kevin McDermott (Eds.), Stalin's Terror: High Politics and Mass Repression in the Soviet Union. Palgrave MacMillan (2003), p. 208ff. ISBN 1-4039-0119-8. Retrieved November 24, 2011
  20. "Operation Himmler".
  21. "The Valkyrie Conspiracy".
  22. "The 20 July bomb plot - a summary". 20 July 2010.
  23. "The July bomb plot".
  24. "Operation Ajax: CIA, Muhammad Mossadeq, and the Shah of Iran".
  25. "Israel Military Intelligence: The Lavon Affair".
  26. "Pompidou dans la tourmente". 26 July 2007.
  27. "The history place".
  28. "What was the Watergate Scandal?".
  29. "The fighting solidarity organization".
  30. "Hunger strikes and the Brighton bomb". 18 March 1999.
  31. "A strange but true tale of voter fraud and bioterrorism". 10 June 2014.
  32. "The Iran Contra Affair 1986–1987".
  33. "Iran contra affair".
  34. "How PR sold the war in the persian gulf".
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