List of color film systems

This is a list of color film processes known to have been created for photographing and exhibiting motion pictures in color since the first attempts were made in the late 1890s. It is limited to "natural color" processes, meaning processes in which the color is photographically recorded and reproduced rather than artificially added by hand-painting, stencil coloring, or other arbitrary "colorization" methods.


A Visit to the Seaside, the first motion picture in Kinemacolor
Process Year Projection method Inventor(s) Introductory film
Lee-Turner Colour 1899 Additive (3 color) Edward Raymond Turner[1][2] N/A (Experimental) (circa 1902)
Kinemacolor 1906 Additive (2 color) George Albert Smith A Visit to the Seaside (1908)
Warner-Powrie 1906 Mosaic (3 color) John Hutchison Powrie Untitled film (1928)
Biocolour 1908 Additive (3 color) William Friese-Greene The Earl of Camelot (1914)
Keller-Dorian 1908 Lenticular (3 color) Albert Keller-Dorian
Rodolphe Berthon
Cinecolorgraph 1912 Subtractive (2 color) A. Hernandez-Mejia Unknown
Brewster Color (I) 1913 Subtractive (2 color) Percy Douglas Brewster Unknown
aka: Gaumont Color
1913 Additive (3 color) Leon Gaumont Unknown
Prizma (I) 1913 Additive (2 color) William van Doren Kelley Our Navy (1917)
Cinechrome 1914 Additive (3 color) Colin Bennett Prince of Wales in India (1921)
Kodachrome (I) 1916 Subtractive (2 color) John G. Capstaff
Concerning $1,000
Technicolor (I) 1916 Additive (2 color) Daniel F. Comstock
Herbert Kalmus
W. Burton Wescott
The Gulf Between (1917)
Douglass Color
(Douglass Natural Color)
1918 Additive (2 color) Leon Forrest Douglass Nature Scenes (1918) and Cupid Angling (1918)
Kesdacolor 1918 Subtractive (2 color) William van Doren Kelley
Carroll H. Dunning
American Flag (1918)
Prizma (II) 1918 Subtractive (2 color) William van Doren Kelley The Glorious Adventure (1922)
Gilmore Color 1918 Additive (2 color) Frederic Eugene Ives
Otto C. Gilmore
Zoechrome 1920 Subtractive (3 color) T.A. Mills Unknown
ColorCraft 1921 Subtractive (2 color) W.H. Peck Unknown
Polychromide 1922 Additive (2 color) Aron Hamburger Unknown
Technicolor (II) 1922 Subtractive (2 color) Daniel F. Comstock
Joseph A. Ball
Leonard T. Troland
Jarvis M. Andrews
The Toll of the Sea (1922)
Szczepanik 1924 Additive (3 color) Jan Szczepanik Unknown
Kelleycolor 1926 Subtractive (2 color) William van Doren Kelley
Max Handschiegl
Color Cinema Corporation 1927 Subtractive (2 color) Color Cinema Corporation Unknown
Lignose Naturfarbenfilm 1927 Additive (3 color) Lignose Unknown
Busch Color 1928 Additive (2 color) Unknown
Harriscolor 1928 Subtractive (2 color) William Van Doren Kelley Unknown
Kodacolor (I) 1928 Lenticular (3 color) Rodolphe Berthon N/A (16 mm home movies only) (1928)
Raycol 1928 Additive (2 color) Maurice Elvey The School for Scandal (1930)
Splendicolor 1928 Subtractive (3 color) Unknown
Technicolor (III) 1928 Subtractive (2 color) Daniel F. Comstock The Viking (1928)
Agfa bipack 1929 Subtractive (2 color) Agfa Unknown
Horst Color 1929 Additive (3 color) L. Horst Unknown
Multicolor 1929 Subtractive (2 color) William Thomas Crespinel Unknown
Finlay 1929 Additive (3 color) Clare l. Finlay Unknown
Harriscolor 1929 Subtractive (2 color) J.B. Harris Jr. Unknown
Cinechrome 1930 Unknown Cinecolor Ltd. Unknown
Cineoptichrome 1930 Additive (2 color) Lucien Roux
Armand Roux
Dascolor 1930 Subtractive (2 color) M. L. F. Dassonville Unknown
Harmonicolor 1930 Additive (2 color) Maurice Combs Talking Hands (1936)
Hirlicolor 1930 Subtractive (2 color) George A. Hirliman Captain Calamity (1936)
Photocolor 1930 Subtractive (2 color) Photocolor Corp. The Gift of Montezuma (1930)
Pilney Color 1930 Subtractive (2 color) Unknown
Allfarbenfilm 1930 Additive (3 color) Unknown
Sennettcolor 1930 Subtractive (2 color) Mack Sennett (financier) Strange Birds (1930)
Sirius Color 1930 Subtractive (2 color) L. Horst Unknown
Brewster Color (II) 1930 Subtractive (2 or 3 color) Percy Douglas Brewster Autumn Foliage (1930)
aka: Chemicolor,
1930 Subtractive (2 color) UFA Studios Pagliacci (1936)
Vitacolor 1930 Additive (2 color) William Van Doren Kelley
Max B. Du Pont (financier)
Chimicolor 1931 Subtractive (3 color) Syndicate de la Cinematographe des Couleurs Unknown
Magnacolor 1931 Subtracitive (2 color) Consolidated Laboratories The Bold Caballero (1936)
Dufaycolor 1931 Mosaic (3 color) Louis Dufay
Dufay-Chromex Co.
Sons of the Sea (1939)
DuPack 1931 Subtractive (2 color) DuPont Co. Unknown
Rota Farbenfilm 1931 Subtractive (2 color) Unknown
Russian two-color system 1931 Subtractive (2 color) Nikolai Agokos
Fedor Provorov
Pavel Mershin
Karnaval cvetov (1935)
AGFAcolor (I) 1932 Lenticular (3 color) AGFA N/A (16mm only)
Cinecolor (I) 1932 Subtractive (2 color) William T. Crispinel
Alan M. Gundelfinger
Sweden, Land of the Vikings (1934)
Honeymoon Hotel (1934)
Technicolor (IV) 1932 Subtractive (3 color) Joseph A. Ball Flowers and Trees (1932)
Morgana Color 1932 Additive (2 color) Bell and Howell
Lady Juliet Williams
N/A (16mm only)
Gasparcolor 1933 Subtractive (3 color) Bela Gaspar Kreise (1933) and Muratti Greift Ein (1934)
Vericolor 1933 Subtractive (2 color) Vericolor Inc. The Magic Isle (1935)
Francita Process
aka: Opticolor (UK)
1935 Additive (3 color) British Realita Syndica, Ltd. Jeunies filles à marier (1935)
Kodachrome (II) 1935 Subtractive (3 color) Eastman Kodak N/A (16mm only)
Russian three-color process 1936 Subtractive (3 color) Pavel Mershin
Fedor Provorov
Avenir Min
The Fox and the Wolf (1937)
Telco-Color 1936 Subtractive (3 color) Cavalcade of Texas (1938)
Dunningcolor 1937 Subtractive (3 color) Carroll H. Dunning
Dodge Dunning
Tehauntepec (1937)
AGFAColor (II)
aka: Sovcolor,
Chrome Color
Art Chrome Color
1939 Subtractive (3 color) I.G. Farben Frauen sind doch bessere Diplomaten (1939–41)
Cosmocolor 1940 Subtractive (2 color) Otto C. Gilmore Isle of Destiny (1940)
Thomascolor 1942 Additive (3 color) Richard Thomas Unknown
Cinefotocolor 1947 Subtractive (2 color) Daniel Aragonés El un rincón de España (1948)
Fullcolor 1947 Subtractive (3 color) The Goldwyn Follies (1947 reissue)
Rouxcolor 1947 Additive (3 color) Lucien Roux
Armand Roux
The Miller's Daughter (1948)
Thomson Color 1947 Lenticular (3 color) Société Thomson Jour de Fête (1949) (color version not released)
Cinecolor (II)
aka: SuperCineColor
1948 Subtractive (3 color) Alan M. Gundelfinger The Sword of Monte Cristo (1951)
Konicolor 1948 Subtractive (3 color) Konishi Roku
Magicolor 1947 Subtractive (3 color) The Hunchbacked Horse (1947) AKA The Magic Horse
Polacolor 1948 Subtractive (3 color) Polaroid Corp. Unknown
Technichrome 1948 Subtractive (2 Color) Technicolor Company of England The Olympic Games of 1948
Trucolor (II) 1948 Subtractive (3 color) Republic Pictures
Consolidated Film Industries
This Is Korea! (1951)
Eastman Color
aka: DeLuxe Color
Pathécolor (II)
and Technicolor after 1954
1950 Subtractive (3 color) Eastman Kodak Royal Journey (1951)
aka: Alfacolor
1950 Subtractive (2 color) Alpha Photographic Laboratories Unknown
Ansco Color 1952 Subtractive (3 color) General Aniline and Film Corp. Climbing the Matterhorn (1948)
Dugromacolor 1952 Additive (3 color) Dumas, Grosset, and Marx Unknown
Ferraniacolor 1952 Subtractive (3 color) Toto A Colori (1952)
Fox Lenticular Film 1953 Lenticular (3 color) Twentieth Century-Fox N/A (experimental)
Fujicolor 1953 Subtractive (3 color) Adventure of Natsuko (1953)


External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/15/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.