List of best-selling music artists

This list includes music artists with claims of 75 million or more record sales. The artists in the following tables are listed with both their claimed sales figure along with their total of certified units and are ranked in descending order, with the artist with the highest amount of claimed sales at the top. If two or more artists have the same claimed sales, they are then ranked by certified units. The claimed sales figure and the total of certified units (for each country) within the provided sources include sales of albums, singles, compilation-albums, music videos as well as downloads of singles and full-length albums. Sales figures, such as those from Soundscan, which are sometimes published by Billboard magazine, have not been included in the certified units column. As of 2016, based on both sales claims and certified units, The Beatles are considered the highest-selling band and Elvis Presley is considered the highest-selling individual artist.

Definitions

All artists included on this list, which have begun charting on official albums or singles charts have their available claimed figures supported by at least 20% in certified units. That is why Cliff Richard, Diana Ross, Scorpions, Charles Aznavour, Bing Crosby, Gloria Estefan, Deep Purple, Iron Maiden, Tom Jones, The Jackson 5, Dionne Warwick, the Spice Girls, Luciano Pavarotti, Dolly Parton, Ozzy Osbourne, Andrea Bocelli and others have not been included on this list. The more recent the artist, the higher the required percentage of certified units, so artists such as Rihanna, Taylor Swift, Flo Rida, Katy Perry, Lady Gaga, Adele, Justin Bieber and Bruno Mars are expected to have their claimed figures supported by over 75% in certified units. The certified units are sourced from available online databases of local music industry associations. All certified units are converted from Gold/Platinum/Diamond certification awards based on criteria provided by certifying bodies. The certified sales percentage varies according to the first year that an artist appeared in the charts.[lower-alpha 1]

The requirements of certified sales are designed to avoid inflated sales figures, which are frequently practiced by record companies for promotional purposes.[1][2] The claimed figures are referenced from online articles created by highly reliable sources. For clarity, the sources used, say the term "records" (singles, albums, videos) and not "albums". However, if all available sources for an artist or band say "albums", such sources are only used if the certified album units of the said artist meet the required percentage amount. This list uses claimed figures that are closest to artists' available certified units: inflated claimed figures that meet the required certified units amount but are unrealistically high, are not used.

The claimed figures are upgraded only when there is a significant progress in artists' certified sales. In other words, the available certified sales for each artist should get relatively closer to already listed claimed figure in order for higher figures to replace the listed ones.

The certified sales of the newer artists may sometimes be higher than their listed claimed figures. This is because Recording Industry Association of America and almost all other certifying bodies count streaming towards Gold and Platinum thresholds required for Digital Single Award certification. For this reason, some singles and even albums get over certified by hundreds of thousands of units. The over certified figures, however, often times are in millions of units for RIAA certifications.

Artists by reputed sales

250 million or more records

Artist Country / Market Period active Release-year of first charted record Genre Total certified units
(from available markets)[lower-alpha 2]
Claimed sales
The Beatles United Kingdom 1960–1970[5] 1962[5] Rock / Pop[5] 600 million[30][31]
500 million[32]
Elvis Presley United States 1954–1977[33] 1954[33] Rock and roll / Pop / Country[33] 600 million[42][43]
500 million[44]
Michael Jackson United States 1964–2009[45] 1971[45] Pop / Rock / Dance / Soul / R&B[45] 350 million[57]
300 million[58][59]
Madonna United States 1979–present[60] 1982[60] Pop / Dance / Electronica[60] 300 million[67][68]
275 million[69]
Elton John United Kingdom 1964–present[70] 1969[70] Pop / Rock[70] 300 million[72][73]
250 million[74][75]
Led Zeppelin United Kingdom 1968–1980[76] 1969[76] Hard rock / Blues rock / Folk rock[76] 300 million[80][81]
200 million[82][83]
Pink Floyd United Kingdom 1965–1996, 2014[84][85] 1967[84] Progressive rock / Psychedelic rock[84] 250 million[87][88]
200 million[89][90]

200 million to 249 million records

Artist Country / Market Period active Release-year of first charted record Genre Total certified units
(from available markets)[lower-alpha 2]
Claimed sales
Rihanna Barbados
United States
2005–present[91] 2005[91] R&B / Pop / Dance / Hip-hop[91] 200 million[96][97]
Mariah Carey United States 1988–present[98] 1990[98] R&B / Pop / Soul / Hip-hop[98] 200 million[101][102]
175 million[103][104]
Celine Dion Canada 1981–present[105] 1981[105] Pop[105] 200 million[111][112]
175 million[113][114]
AC/DC Australia 1973–present[115] 1975[115] Hard rock / Blues rock / Rock and roll[115] 200 million[116][117]
150 million[118][119]
Whitney Houston United States 1977–2012[120] 1984[120] R&B / Soul / Pop[120] 200 million[123][124]
170 million[125][126]
Queen United Kingdom 1971–present[127] 1973[127] Rock[127] 200 million[129][130]
150 million[131]
The Rolling Stones United Kingdom 1962–present[132] 1963[132] Rock / Blues rock / Pop [132] 200 million[133][134]
ABBA Sweden 1972–1982[135] 1972[135] Pop / Disco[135] 200 million[144][145]
100 million[146][147]

120 million to 199 million records

Artist Country / Market Period active Release-year of first charted record Genre Total certified units
(from available markets)[lower-alpha 2]
Claimed sales
Taylor Swift United States 2006–present[148] 2006[148] Country / Country pop / Pop / Pop-rock[148] 170 million[149]
Garth Brooks United States 1989–present[150] 1989[150] Country[150] 160 million[151]
Eminem United States 1996–present[152] 1999[152] Hip-hop[152] 155 million[154]
Eagles United States 1971–1980, 1994–2016[155] 1972[155] Rock[155] 150 million[157]
U2 Ireland 1976–present[158] 1980[158] Rock[158] 150 million[161]
Billy Joel United States 1964–present[162] 1971[162] Pop / Rock[162] 150 million[164]
Phil Collins United Kingdom 1980–2011, 2015–present[165] 1981[165] Rock / Progressive rock / Adult contemporary[165] 150 million[166]
Aerosmith United States 1970–present[167] 1973[167] Hard rock[167] 150 million[168]
Frank Sinatra United States 1935–1995[169] 1939[169] Pop / Swing[169] 150 million[170]
Barbra Streisand United States 1960–present[171] 1963[171] Pop / Adult contemporary[171] 145 million[172]
Kanye West United States 1996–present[173] 2004[173] Hip-hop / Electronic / Pop rock[173] 121 million[176]
Bruce Springsteen United States 1972–present[177] 1973[177] Rock[177] 120 million[179]
Bee Gees United Kingdom
Australia[180][181]
1963–2003
2009–2012[182]
1963[182] Pop / Disco[182] 120 million[185]

100 million to 119 million records

Artist Country / Market Period active Release-year of first charted record Genre Total certified units
(from available markets)[lower-alpha 2]
Claimed sales
Lady Gaga United States 2005–present[186] 2008[186] Pop / Dance / Electronic[186] 114 million[187]
Metallica United States 1981–present[188] 1983[188] Heavy metal / Thrash metal[188] 110 million[190]
Katy Perry United States 2001–present[191] 2008[191] Pop[191] 100 million[192]
Adele United Kingdom 2006–present[193] 2008[193] Pop, soul[193] 100 million[194]
Bruno Mars United States 2004–present[195] 2010[195] Pop rock / R&B[195] 100 million[198]
Justin Bieber Canada
United States
2008–present[199] 2009[199] Pop / Teen pop, Dance pop[199] 100 million[200]
Jay Z United States 1996–present[201] 1996[201] Hip-hop[201] 100 million[202]
Bon Jovi United States 1983–present[203] 1983[203] Hard rock / Glam metal[203] 100 million[206]
Lil Wayne United States 1996–present[207] 1999[207] Hip-hop[207] 100 million[208]
Rod Stewart United Kingdom 1964–present[209] 1969[209] Rock / Pop[209] 100 million[210]
Britney Spears United States 1998–present[211] 1998[211] Pop / Dance / Dance-pop[211] 100 million[214]
Fleetwood Mac United Kingdom
United States
1967–present[215] 1968[215] Rock / Pop[215] 100 million[218]
Guns N' Roses United States 1985–present[219] 1987[219] Hard rock / Heavy metal[219] 100 million[220]
George Strait United States 1981–present[221] 1984[221] Country[221] 100 million[222]
Backstreet Boys United States 1993–present[223] 1995[223] Pop[223] 100 million[225]
Neil Diamond United States 1966–present[226] 1966[226] Pop / Rock[226] 100 million[227]
Prince United States 1976–2016[228] 1978[228] Funk / R&B / Pop / Soul / Rock[228] 100 million[229]
Paul McCartney United Kingdom 1960–present[230] 1970[230] Rock[230] 100 million[233]
Kenny Rogers United States 1958–present[234] 1975[234] Country / Pop[234] 100 million[238]
Janet Jackson United States 1982–present[239] 1982[239] R&B / Pop[239] 100 million[240]
Julio Iglesias Spain 1968–present[241] 1968[241] Latin[241] 100 million[243]
Chicago United States 1967–present[244] 1969[244] Rock / Pop[244] 100 million[246]
The Carpenters United States 1969–1983[247] 1969[247] Pop[247] 100 million[249]
Bob Dylan United States 1959–present[250] 1963[250] Folk / Rock[250] 100 million[251]
Dire Straits United Kingdom 1977–1995[252] 1978[252] Rock [252] 100 million[253]
Bryan Adams Canada 1979–present[254] 1979[254] Rock[254] 100 million[256]
Def Leppard United Kingdom 1977–present[257] 1979[257] Hard rock / Heavy metal[257] 100 million[259]
Cher United States 1964–present[260] 1965[260] Pop / Rock / Dance / Folk[260] 100 million[265]
Lionel Richie United States 1968–present[266] 1981[266] Pop / R&B[266] 100 million[268]
Genesis United Kingdom 1967–1999
2006–present[269]
1969[269] Progressive rock / Pop rock[269] 100 million[270]
James Taylor United States 1968–present[271] 1970[271] Rock / Pop[271] 100 million[272]
Olivia Newton-John Australia 1966–present[273] 1966[273] Pop[273] 100 million[274]
Stevie Wonder United States 1961–present[275] 1962[275] Funk / R&B / Soul[275] 100 million[276]
Tina Turner United States 1955–present[277] 1975[277] Rock / Pop[277] 100 million[278]
Linda Ronstadt United States 1967–present[279] 1968[279] Rock / Folk / Country[279] 100 million[280]
Donna Summer United States 1968–2012[281] 1974[281] Pop / Disco / R&B[281] 100 million[282]
The Beach Boys United States 1961–present[283] 1962[283] Rock / Pop / Surf Rock[283] 100 million[284]
David Bowie United Kingdom 1962–2016[285] 1967[285] Art rock / Glam rock / Pop[285] 100 million[286]
The Who United Kingdom 1964–present[287] 1965[287] Rock / Hard rock[287] 100 million[288]
Barry White United States 1972–2003[289] 1973[289] R&B / Soul[289] 100 million[290]

80 million to 99 million records

Artist Country / Market Period active Release-year of first charted record Genre Total certified units
(from available markets)[lower-alpha 2]
Claimed sales
Santana United States 1966–present[291] 1969[291] Rock[291] 90 million[292]
Earth, Wind & Fire United States 1969–present[293] 1971[293] Funk / R&B / Soul[293] 90 million[296]
Johnny Cash United States 1954-2003[297] 1956[297] Country/ Rock and roll/ Gospel[297] 90 million[298]
B'z Japan 1988–present[299] 1988[299] Rock / Pop rock / Hard rock[299] 86 million[300]
Beyoncé United States 1997–present[301] 2002[301][302] R&B / Pop[301] 85 million[306]
Shania Twain Canada 1993–present[307] 1993[307] Country pop[307] 85 million[308]
R.E.M. United States 1980–2011[309] 1983[309] Alternative rock[309] 85 million[310]
Flo Rida United States 2007–present[311] 2007[311] Hip-hop, Hip house, EDM[311] 80 million[312]
Van Halen United States 1978–present[313] 1978[313] Hard rock / Heavy metal[313] 80 million[314]
Coldplay United Kingdom 1996–present[315] 1999[315] Alternative rock, Pop rock, Pop[315] 80 million[316]
Red Hot Chili Peppers United States 1983–present[317] 1987[317] Funk rock / Alternative rock[317] 80 million[319]
Foreigner United States
United Kingdom
1976–present[320] 1977[320] Rock / Hard Rock[320] 80 million[321]
The Doors United States 1965–1973[322] 1967[322] Psychedelic rock[322] 80 million[323]
George Michael United Kingdom 1981–present[324] 1984[324] Pop[324] 80 million[325]
Reba McEntire United States 1975–present[326] 1987[326] Country / Country Pop[326] 80 million[327]
Meat Loaf United States 1968–present[328] 1977[328] Rock / Hard rock[328] 80 million[330]
Barry Manilow United States 1973–present[331] 1973[331] Pop / Soft rock[331] 80 million[332]
Tom Petty United States 1976–present[333] 1977[333] Rock[333] 80 million[334]
Johnny Hallyday France 1957–present[335] 1960[335] Rock / Pop[335] 80 million[337]

75 million to 79 million records

Artist Country / Market Period active Release-year of first charted record Genre Total certified units
(from available markets)[lower-alpha 2]
Claimed sales
The Black Eyed Peas United States 1995–present[338] 1998[338] Hip-hop / R&B / Dance[338] 76 million[341]
Journey United States 1973–present[342] 1975[342] Rock / Soft rock[342] 75 million[344]
Kenny G United States 1982–present[345] 1984[345] Smooth jazz[345] 75 million[346]
Usher United States 1991–present[347] 1994[347] R&B / Pop[347] 75 million[348]
Enya Ireland 1982–present[349] 1987[349] New-age / Celtic[349] 75 million[353]
Robbie Williams United Kingdom 1990–present[354] 1996[354] Pop rock[354] 75 million[355]
Alabama United States 1972–present[356] 1980[356] Country / Pop rock[356] 75 million[357]
Nirvana United States 1987–1994[358] 1989[358] Grunge / Alternative rock[358] 75 million[360]
The Police United Kingdom 1977–1986
2007–2008[361]
1978[361] Pop / Rock[361] 75 million[365]
Bob Marley Jamaica 1962–1981[366] 1975[366] Reggae[366] 75 million[369]
Kiss United States 1972–present[370] 1974[370] Hard rock / Heavy metal[370] 75 million[371]
Aretha Franklin United States 1956–present[372] 1961[372] Soul / Jazz / Blues / R&B[372] 75 million[373]

See also

Notes

  1. To be on this list, artists who began charting:
    • before 1975 are required to have their available claimed figures supported by 20% in certified units.
    • between 1975–1990 are required to have their available claimed figures supported by 20-64% in certified units. (That is 2.9% for each additional year after 1975)
    • between 1990–2000 are required to have their available claimed figures supported by 64-70% in certified units. (That is 0.6% for each additional year after 1990)
    • between 2000–present are required to have their available claimed figures supported by 70-80% in certified units. (That is 0.66% for each additional year after 2000)
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 Certification systems have been established periodically throughout the past half century; thus, certification databases are not able to cover all sales. Some (or all) records released and sold prior to a certification system's establishment year may not be found within the available searchable certification databases. Year of establishment (from largest market to smallest based on Retail Value each market generates respectively):[3][4] Certified sales might sometimes be larger than actual sales, if stores order more albums than they are able to sell, due to certifications generally being determined by shipments and not actual sales. Often, however, actual sales are larger than certified sales, since record labels must pay a fee to obtain certifications. Record companies often apply for certifications only when a record reaches a multiple certification-levels, meaning certifications might not be visible in the databases for more than a short period of time after an album reached a certification level.[386][387] As global music sales declined in the 2000s mostly due to CD burning and downloading from unauthorized sites, certification bodies opted to reduce their certification levels.[388] See the changes in Certification-award-levels in the following markets:

References

  1. NEWSLINE: A Former Music Executive. Billboard. Nielsen Business Media. February 14, 2004. Retrieved April 5, 2010.
  2. Troubles in Store. Spin Magazine. Spin Media L.L.C. February 14, 2004. Retrieved April 5, 2010.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "RIAJ Yearbook 2015: 28. Global Sales of Recorded Music, IFPI 2013, 2014 (Page 24)" (PDF). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Bundesverband Musikindustrie: Internationales: Deutschland weiterhin weltweit drittgrößter Markt". Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
  5. 1 2 3 Unterberger, Richie. "Allmusic: The Beatles (Biography)". AllMusic. Retrieved August 24, 2013.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 "RIAA: Searchable Database". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved September 23, 2011.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 "RIAJ: Gold Disc Certifications" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 "BVMI: Gold-/Platin-Datenbank". Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 "Certified Awards Search". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 "InfoDisc: Les Certifications depuis 1973" [InfoDisc: Certifications from 1973]. Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique (in French). InfoDisc.fr. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 "SNEP: Les Certifications". Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique (in French). SNEP. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 "ARIA Charts – Accreditations". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 "Australia's Music Charts 1988-2010" (PDF). Australian Recording Industry Association. Moonlight Publishing. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  14. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 "Music Canada: Gold & Platinum searchable database". Music Canada. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  15. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 "ABPD: Certificados" (in Portuguese). Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos. Retrieved July 9, 2015.
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 "F.I.M.I: Federazione Industria Musicale Itaiana" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  17. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 "Guld & Platina IFPI" [Gold & Platinum IFPI] (in Swedish). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry – Sweden. Archived from the original on May 17, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
  18. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 "PROMUSICAE Charts: Home > Weekly charts" (in Spanish). Productores de Música de España. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
  19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 Salaverri, Fernando (2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año : 1959-2002. Iberautor Promociones Culturales. pp. 928–939. ISBN 84-8048-639-2. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
  20. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 "IFPI Austria : Gold & Platin" (in German). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry – Austria. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
  21. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 "Awards 1997–2003". Belgian Entertainment Association. Ultratop. Retrieved February 4, 2011.
  22. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 "Ultratop: Goud En Platina". Ultratop. Retrieved February 4, 2011.
  23. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 "Hitparade.ch: Edelmetall". Schweizer Hitparade. Hung Medien. Retrieved November 22, 2011. Note that the certifications for DVDs need to be retrieved by selecting the years at"http://hitparade.ch/awards.asp"
  24. 1 2 "Hitlisten.nu: Album Top-40 (Uge 01-2001)". Tracklisten. Hitlisten.nu. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  25. "Certificeringer marts - maj 2010". IFPI Denmark. May 31, 2010. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
  26. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 "Polish certification awards 1995–present" (in Polish). ZPAV. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
  27. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 "CAPIF: Discos de Oro y Platino". CAPIF. Archived from the original on August 20, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
  28. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 "Recorded Music New Zealand: The Official New Zealand Music Chart". Recorded Music New Zealand. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
  29. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 "Radioscope: Latest Gold / Platinum Albums". Radioscope. Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  30. Staff Writers, CNNMoney.com (September 9, 2009). "Beatles' remastered box set, video game out". CNNMoney.com. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
  31. Hotten, Russell (October 4, 2012). "The Beatles at 50: From Fab Four to fabulously wealthy". BBC News. Retrieved January 28, 2013.
  32. Wyman, Bill (January 4, 2013). "Did 'Thriller' Really Sell a Hundred Million Copies". The New Yorker. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  33. 1 2 3 Unterberger, Richie. "Allmusic: Elvis Presley (Biography)". AllMusic. Retrieved August 24, 2013.
  34. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 Salaverri, Fernando (2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año : 1959-2002. Iberautor Promociones Culturales. pp. 913–929. ISBN 84-8048-639-2. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
  35. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 Salaverri, Fernando (2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año : 1959-2002. Iberautor Promociones Culturales. pp. 940–952. ISBN 84-8048-639-2. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
  36. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 "Amprofon Certificaciones" (in Spanish). AMPROFON. Retrieved December 4, 2014.
  37. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "AMPROFON: Certificaciones 2016". AMPROFON. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  38. "Hitlisten.nu: Album Top-40 (Uge 15-2001)". Tracklisten. Hitlisten.nu. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  39. 1 2 3 "Hitlisten.nu: Album Top-40 (Uge 01-2003)". Tracklisten. Hitlisten.nu. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  40. "Hitlisten.nu: Album Top-40 (Uge 43-2003)". Tracklisten. Hitlisten.nu. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  41. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 "Tilastot: Kulta- ja platinalevyt". Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Archived from the original on June 26, 2015. Retrieved May 21, 2016.
  42. "Albany VFW Post 584 to host night with Elvis Sunday". Albany Democrat-Herald. August 15, 2014. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  43. Shah, Sabir (February 11, 2015). "Pakistan is not lone target of extortion, gangster crimes". The News International of Pakistan. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
  44. Salo, Jackie (August 15, 2015). "Elvis Presley Quotes: 10 Things He Said To Remember The Icon On Anniversary Of His Death". International Business Times. Retrieved October 20, 2015.
  45. 1 2 3 Huey, Steve. "Allmusic: Michael Jackson (Biography)". AllMusic. Retrieved August 24, 2013.
  46. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 "RIAJ: Digital Certifications" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
  47. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 "InfoDisc Les Certifications depuis 1973 (singles)". InfoDisc. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
  48. "ARIA Report 6th July 2009 (Issue 1010)" (PDF). Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  49. "ARIA Report 13th July 2009 (Issue 1011)" (PDF). Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  50. "ARIA: ARIA Catalogue Albums Chart (19/01/2015)". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  51. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 "Sverige Toplistan: Sök". Sverige Toplistan (in Swedish). Retrieved November 18, 2013.Note: To retrieve the certifications, type in artist's name in the box of "Sök", and then click on "Visa" of the desired album/single/video
  52. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 Salaverri, Fernando (2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año : 1959-2002. Iberautor Promociones Culturales. pp. 952–966. ISBN 84-8048-639-2. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
  53. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "AMPROFON: Certificaciones 2015". AMPROFON. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  54. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 "Hitlisten.nu". Tracklisten. Hitlisten.nu. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  55. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 "Guld og platin i august". IFPI Denmark. September 5, 2004. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  56. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 "IFPI Denmark: Certificeringer". IFPI Denmark. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  57. "Jackson was star the world could not ignore". CNN. June 26, 2009. Retrieved September 2, 2009.
  58. "Michael Jackson: 100 facts about the king of pop". The Daily Telegraph. June 29, 2009. Retrieved January 30, 2013.
  59. Agencies, China Daily (June 27, 2009). "50 facts about Michael Jackson that made him a legend". China Daily. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
  60. 1 2 3 Erlewine, Stephen. "Allmusic: Madonna (Biography)". AllMusic. Retrieved August 24, 2013.
  61. "ARIA Catalogue Albums Chart". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
  62. "Australia's Music Charts 1988-210 (Madonna)" (PDF). Moonlight Publishing. Retrieved December 25, 2015.
  63. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "Guld og platin november/december/januar". IFPI Denmark. February 19, 2007. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  64. "IFPI Denmark: Certificeringer (Page 22)". IFPI Denmark. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  65. "Guld og platin i marts". IFPI Denmark. April 13, 2006. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  66. "Guld & platin januar 2010". IFPI Denmark. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
  67. Mandle, Chris (July 23, 2015). "Madonna compares herself to Picasso, saying she's going to be creative until the day she dies". The Independent. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  68. Graff, Gary (September 28, 2015). "Madonna's Rebel Heart beats strong on latest tour". The Macomb Daily. Retrieved March 5, 2016.
  69. "Madonna: healthy pop star admits to 'weakness' for sticky toffee pudding". The Daily Telegraph. September 9, 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  70. 1 2 3 Erlewine, Stephen. "Allmusic: Elton John (Biography)". AllMusic. Retrieved August 24, 2013.
  71. 1 2 3 4 "Forårets guld- og platincertificeringer". IFPI Denmark. June 13, 2007. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  72. Isern, Will (March 16, 2014). "Young and old flock to Pensacola arena to see music legend Elton John". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved May 16, 2014.
  73. Hebditch, Jon (June 19, 2015). "Sir Elton John to play Aberdeen this weekend". The Press and Journal of Scotland. Retrieved December 22, 2015.
  74. Boyle, Jacqui (January 17, 2013). "Elton John to play at WSU's Nutter Center". Dayton Daily News. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
  75. Kennedy, Mark (March 17, 2013). "Elton John, songtrack to my life". Chattanooga Times Free Press. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
  76. 1 2 3 Erlewine, Stephen. "Allmusic: Led Zeppelin (Biography)". AllMusic. Retrieved August 24, 2013.
  77. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Certifications Albums – Année 2013" (PDF). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved March 3, 2014.
  78. "ARIA: ARIA Albums Chart (10/11/2014)". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  79. "The ARIA Report: ARIA Top 100 Albums – Week Commencing 10th August 2015" (PDF). Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved September 20, 2015.