Diocese of Skálholt
Skálholt was the estate of the first bishop in Iceland, Isleifr Gizurarson, who became bishop in 1056. (Christianity had been formally adopted in 1000). His son, Gizurr, donated it to become the official see. The Diocese was amalgamated in 1801, and now forms part of the Diocese of Reykjavik.
Residential Catholic bishops
- 1056–1080: Ísleifur Gissurarson
- 1082–1118: Gissur Ísleifsson
- 1118–1133: Þorlákur Runólfsson
- 1134–1148: Magnús Einarsson
- 1152–1176: Klængur Þorsteinsson
- 1178–1193: St. Þorlákur helgi Þórhallsson
- 1195–1211: Páll Jónsson
- 1216–1237: Magnús Gissurarson
- 1238–1268: Sigvarður Þéttmarsson (Norwegian)
- 1269–1298: Árni Þorláksson
- 1304–1320: Árni Helgason
- 1321–1321: Grímur Skútuson (Norwegian)
- 1322–1339: Jón Halldórsson (Norwegian)
- 1339–1341: Jón Indriðason (Norwegian)
- 1343–1348: Jón Sigurðsson
- 1350–1360: Gyrðir Ívarsson (Norwegian)
- 1362–1364: Þórarinn Sigurðsson (Norwegian)
- 1365–1381: Oddgeir Þorsteinsson (Norwegian)
- 1382–1391: Mikael (Danish)
- 1391–1405: Vilchin Hinriksson (Danish)
- 1406–1413: Jón (Norwegian)
- 1413–1426: Árni Ólafsson
- 1426–1433: Jón Gerreksson (Danish)
- 1435–1437: Jón Vilhjálmsson Craxton (English)
- 1437–1447: Gozewijn Comhaer (Dutch)
- 1448–1462: Marcellus de Niveriis (German)
- 1462–1465: Jón Stefánsson Krabbe (Danish)
- 1466–1475: Sveinn spaki Pétursson
- 1477–1490: Magnús Eyjólfsson
- 1491–1518: Stefán Jónsson
- 1521–1540: Ögmundur Pálsson
Catholic titular see
In 1968, the former Catholic bishopric was nominally revived as a titular see.
- titular Archbishop Jan Baptist Hubert Theunissen, Montfort Missionaries (S.M.M.) (1968.12.19 – 1979.04.09; former Metropolitan Archbishop of Blantyre)
- titular Bishop Alphonsus Maria H.A. Castermans (1982.01.15 – 2008.04.21)
- titular Bishop Paul Mason (2016.04.23) Auxiliary Bishop of Southwark (UK)
- 1540–1548 → Gissur Einarsson
- 1549–1557 → Marteinn Einarsson
- 1558–1587 → Gísli Jónsson
- 1589–1630 → Oddur Einarsson
- 1632–1638 → Gísli Oddsson
- 1639–1674 → Brynjólfur Sveinsson
- 1674–1697 → Þórður Þorláksson
- 1698–1720 → Jón Vídalín
- 1722–1743 → Jón Árnason
- 1744–1745 → Ludvig Harboe (danskur)
- 1747–1753 → Ólafur Gíslason
- 1754–1785 → Finnur Jónsson
- 1777–1796 → Hannes Finnsson
- 1797–1801 → Geir Vídalín
The Diocese was amalgamated in 1801 and now forms part of the Diocese of Reykjavik.
The see was discontinued from 1801 to 1909. It was revived in 1909 as a suffragan bishopric to the Bishop of Iceland, with the bishop's cathedra in the traditional Skálholt cathedral church. In 1990 fresh legislation increased the authority and responsibilities of the Bishop of Skálholt as an assistant bishop in the Reykjavik diocese.
The current Bishop of Skálholt is Kristján Valur Ingólfsson.
- Sigurdson, Erika Ruth, 'The Church in Fourteenth-Century Iceland: Ecclesiastical Administration, Literacy, and the Formation of an Elite Clerical Identity' (unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Leeds, 2011), p. 242, http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/2610/ http://academia.edu/1795158/The_Church_in_Fourteenth-Century_Iceland (pre-Reformation bishops).
- Gunnar Kristjánsson et al., eds, Saga biskupsstólanna: Skálholt 950 ára 2006, Hólar 900 ára (Akureyri: Hólar, 2006), pp. 854–55.
Source and external link
- Hugason, Hjalti (1993). Together in Mission and Ministry: The Porvoo Common Statement, With, Essays on Church and Ministry in Northern Europe (Section: Episcopacy in our churches - Iceland) (First ed.). Church House Publishing. ISBN 0715157507.