List of Padma Bhushan award recipients (1980–89)
|Awarded by Government of India|
|Obverse||A centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus.|
|Reverse||A platinum State Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script|
|Previous name(s)||Padma Vibhushan "Dusra Warg" (Class II)|
The Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is conferred on "distinguished service of a high order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. The recipients receive a Sanad, a certificate signed by the President of India and a circular-shaped medallion with no monetary association. The recipients are announced every year on Republic Day (26 January) and registered in The Gazette of India, a publication used for official government notices and released weekly by the Department of Publication, under the Ministry of Urban Development. The conferral of the award is not considered official without its publication in the The Gazette of India. Recipients whose awards have been revoked or restored, both of which require the authority of the President, are archived and required to surrender their medals when their names are struck from the register; none of the conferments of Padma Bhushan during 1980–89 have been revoked. The recommendations are received from all the state and the union territory governments, as well as from Ministries of the Government of India, Bharat Ratna and Padma Vibhushan awardees, the Institutes of Excellence, Ministers, Chief Ministers and Governors of States, Members of Parliament, and private individuals.
When instituted in 1954, the Padma Bhushan was classified as "Dusra Warg", a class-two award under the three-tier Padma Vibhushan awards, which were preceded by the Bharat Ratna in hierarchy. On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards as the Padma Vibhushan, the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri. The criteria included "distinguished service of a high order in any field including service rendered by Government servants", but excluded those working with the public sector undertakings with the exception of doctors and scientists. The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards; this was subsequently modified in the January 1955 statute. The design was also changed to the form that is currently in use; it portrays a circular-shaped toned bronze medallion 1 3⁄4 inches (44 mm) in diameter and 1⁄8 inch (3.2 mm) thick. The centrally placed pattern made of outer lines of a square of 1 3⁄16 inches (30 mm) side is embossed with a knob carved within each of the outer angles of the pattern. A raised circular space of diameter 1 1⁄16 inches (27 mm) is placed at the centre of the decoration. A centrally located lotus flower is embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma" is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus written in Devanagari script. The State Emblem of India is displayed in the centre of the reverse side, together with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari script, which is inscribed on the lower edge. The rim, the edges and all embossing on either side is of standard gold with the text "Padma Bhushan" of gold gilt. The medal is suspended by a pink riband 1 1⁄4 inches (32 mm) in width with a broad white stripe in the middle. It is ranked fifth in the order of precedence of wearing of medals and decorations of the Indian civilian and military awards.
After assuming office as Prime Minister of India in 1977, Morarji Desai withdrew all the civilian awards, reckoning them as "worthless and politicized". As a result, the Padma Bhushan award was not conferred to any person from 1978 until 1980 when the suspension was rescinded on 25 January by Indira Gandhi, Desai's predecessor who had returned to office. Cricketer Sunil Gavaskar became the first recipient of the award since its restoration in 1980; he was the only person awarded in that year.
A total of 133 awards were presented in the 1980s. Only one award was conferred in 1980 which was later followed by nine in 1981, fifteen in 1982, seventeen in both 1983 and 1984, twenty-one in 1985, fourteen in 1986, twelve in 1987, thirteen in 1988, and fourteen in 1989. A total of ten foreign recipients from Denmark, France, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States were honoured. Individuals from nine different fields were awarded, which includes twenty-three from the arts, twenty-five from civil services, twenty-eight from literature and education, thirteen from medicine, ten from public affairs, nineteen from science and engineering, eight from social work, three from sports, and four from trade and industry. Pushpa Mittra Bhargava, scientist and founder-director of Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) who had received the award in 1986 in the field of medicine, returned it in 2015 in protest of the Dadri mob lynching and out of concern at the "prevailing socio-politico situation" in the country.
|1980||Gavaskar, SunilSunil Gavaskar||Sports||Maharashtra|
|1981||Bappu, VainuVainu Bappu||Science & Engineering||Tamil Nadu|
|1981||Desai, PrafullaPrafulla Desai||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1981||Jha, MakhalaMakhala Jha||Social Work||Bihar|
|1981||Kalam, A. P. J. AbdulA. P. J. Abdul Kalam||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1981||Mohanty, GopinathGopinath Mohanty||Literature & Education||Orissa|
|1981||Mukherjee, Prabhat KumarPrabhat Kumar Mukherjee||Civil Service||West Bengal|
|1981||Nagar, AmritlalAmritlal Nagar||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1981||Sen, MrinalMrinal Sen||Arts||West Bengal|
|1981||Wadia, Avabai BomanjiAvabai Bomanji Wadia||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|1982||Bajaj, Jasbir SinghJasbir Singh Bajaj||Medicine||Delhi|
|1982||Balachander, SundaramSundaram Balachander||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|1982||Brahmaiah, GottipatiGottipati Brahmaiah||Social Work||Andhra Pradesh|
|1982||Gaidinliu, RaniRani Gaidinliu||Social Work||Nagaland|
|1982||Khan, Khadim HussainKhadim Hussain Khan||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1982||Kramrisch, StellaStella Kramrisch||Literature & Education||–|
|1982||Mehta, Jal MinocherJal Minocher Mehta||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1982||Morley, Grace Louise McCannGrace Louise McCann Morley||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|1982||Prakash, AtamAtam Prakash||Medicine||Delhi|
|1982||Qasim, Syed ZahoorSyed Zahoor Qasim||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|1982||Ramakrishnan, Arnee SreenivasanArnee Sreenivasan Ramakrishnan||Medicine||Tamil Nadu|
|1982||Ranadive, KamalKamal Ranadive||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1982||Sastri, P. N. PattabhiramaP. N. Pattabhirama Sastri||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1982||Sharma, JhabarmalJhabarmal Sharma||Literature & Education||Rajasthan|
|1982||Verma, Ajit RamAjit Ram Verma||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|1983||Attenborough, RichardRichard Attenborough||Arts||–|
|1983||Iyengar, DoraiswamyDoraiswamy Iyengar||Arts||Karnataka|
|1983||Jog, V. G.V. G. Jog||Arts||West Bengal|
|1983||Malhotra, Suraj ParkashSuraj Parkash Malhotra||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1983||Nagendra, Nagendra||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1983||Nair, K. SankaranK. Sankaran Nair||Civil Service||Kerala|
|1983||Nazir, PremPrem Nazir||Arts||Kerala|
|1983||Paul, SwrajSwraj Paul||Social Work||–|
|1983||Ramanathan, K. G.K. G. Ramanathan||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1983||Satarawala, Kershasp TehmuraspKershasp Tehmurasp Satarawala||Civil Service||Goa|
|1983||Sengupta, Subodh ChandraSubodh Chandra Sengupta||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1983||Sethna, Adi M.Adi M. Sethna||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1983||Sharma, Arun KumarArun Kumar Sharma||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|1983||Sharma, BenudharBenudhar Sharma||Literature & Education||Assam|
|1983||Singh, BhalindraBhalindra Singh||Sports||Delhi|
|1983||Singh, UmraoUmrao Singh||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1984||Alexander, HoraceHorace Alexander||Literature & Education||–|
|1984||Chaturvedi, NarayanNarayan Chaturvedi||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1984||Ferreira, MichaelMichael Ferreira||Sports||Maharashtra|
|1984||Ganesan, SivajiSivaji Ganesan||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|1984||Ghosh, Jnan PrakashJnan Prakash Ghosh||Arts||West Bengal|
|1984||Murthy, Kotha SatchidanandaKotha Satchidananda Murthy||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|1984||Narasimhaiah, HosurHosur Narasimhaiah||Literature & Education||Karnataka|
|1984||Pinakapani, SripadaSripada Pinakapani||Arts||Andhra Pradesh|
|1984||Prasad, IshwariIshwari Prasad||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1984||Sanyal, B. C.B. C. Sanyal||Arts||Madhya Pradesh|
|1984||Seton, MarieMarie Seton||Literature & Education||–|
|1984||Sharma, ArchanaArchana Sharma||Medicine||West Bengal|
|1984||Siddiqi, ObaidObaid Siddiqi||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|1984||Singh, Kanwar NatwarKanwar Natwar Singh||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1984||Singh, GandaGanda Singh||Literature & Education||Punjab|
|1984||Tendulkar, VijayVijay Tendulkar||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1984||Upadhyaya, BaldevBaldev Upadhyaya||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1985||Ahmed, RaisRais Ahmed||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1985||Basu, Durga DasDurga Das Basu||Public Affairs||West Bengal|
|1985||Chatterjee, Shiba P.Shiba P. Chatterjee||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1985||Chitnis, Eknath VasantEknath Vasant Chitnis||Science & Engineering||Gujarat|
|1985||Chopra, Virender LalVirender Lal Chopra||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|1985||Dhillon, Gurbaksh SinghGurbaksh Singh Dhillon||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1985||Ghosh, SantidevSantidev Ghosh||Arts||West Bengal|
|1985||Gill, Surinder SinghSurinder Singh Gill||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1985||Joshi, BhimsenBhimsen Joshi||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1985||Masud, Sadat AbulSadat Abul Masud||Public Affairs||West Bengal|
|1985||Narayanan, KalanidhiKalanidhi Narayanan||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|1985||Peters, BernardBernard Peters||Science & Engineering||–|
|1985||Pillai, Thakazhi SivasankaraThakazhi Sivasankara Pillai||Literature & Education||Kerala|
|1985||Ramanujam, GopalaGopala Ramanujam||Social Work||Tamil Nadu|
|1985||Ramseshan, SivarajSivaraj Ramseshan||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|1985||Sastry, Vuppuluri GanapathiVuppuluri Ganapathi Sastry||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|1985||Singh, AmarjitAmarjit Singh||Civil Service||Rajasthan|
|1985||Luhar (Sundaram), TribhuvandasTribhuvandas Luhar (Sundaram)||Literature & Education||Puducherry|
|1985||Talib, Gurbachan SinghGurbachan Singh Talib||Literature & Education||Punjab|
|1985||Udgaonkar, BhalchandraBhalchandra Udgaonkar||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|1985||Varadarajan, SrinivasanSrinivasan Varadarajan||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1986||Arunachalam, V. S. R.V. S. R. Arunachalam||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1986||Bhargava, Pushpa MittraPushpa Mittra Bhargava||Medicine||Andhra Pradesh|
|1986||Bhatt, ElaEla Bhatt||Social Work||Gujarat|
|1986||Chibber, Manohar LalManohar Lal Chibber||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1986||Daggar, Nasir AminuddinNasir Aminuddin Daggar||Arts||West Bengal|
|1986||Krishnamurthy, VenkataramanVenkataraman Krishnamurthy||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1986||Riboud, JeanJean Riboud||Public Affairs||–|
|1986||Ripley, Sidney DillonSidney Dillon Ripley||Science & Engineering||–|
|1986||Sethi, RajeevRajeev Sethi||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1986||Singh, MartandMartand Singh||Public Affairs||Delhi|
|1986||Sundaram, C. VenkataramanC. Venkataraman Sundaram||Science & Engineering||Tamil Nadu|
|1986||Tandon, Badri NathBadri Nath Tandon||Medicine||Delhi|
|1986||Tandon, Gulshan LalGulshan Lal Tandon||Civil Service||West Bengal|
|1986||Trivedi, Ram KrishnaRam Krishna Trivedi||Public Affairs||Uttar Pradesh|
|1987||Amma, Nalapat BalamaniNalapat Balamani Amma||Literature & Education||Kerala|
|1987||Amonkar, KishoriKishori Amonkar||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1987||Anandaram, SrinivasaSrinivasa Anandaram||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1987||Banerjee, NikhilNikhil Banerjee||Arts||West Bengal|
|1987||Narasimha, RoddamRoddam Narasimha||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|1987||Pradhan, R. D.R. D. Pradhan||Civil Service||Maharashtra|
|1987||Ray, Annada ShankarAnnada Shankar Ray||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1987||Ribeiro, JulioJulio Ribeiro||Civil Service||Maharashtra|
|1987||Sharma, Man MohanMan Mohan Sharma||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|1987||Sihare, Laxmi PrasadLaxmi Prasad Sihare||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1987||Udwadia, FarokhFarokh Udwadia||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1987||Yunus, MohammadMohammad Yunus||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1988||Bakula, KushokKushok Bakula||Public Affairs||Delhi|
|1988||Bambah, Ram PrakashRam Prakash Bambah||Science & Engineering||Chandigarh|
|1988||Duggal, Kartar SinghKartar Singh Duggal||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1988||Ganguly, Ashok SekharAshok Sekhar Ganguly||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|1988||Hussain, AbidAbid Hussain||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1988||Jain, Shreyans PrasadShreyans Prasad Jain||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|1988||Mohapatra, KelucharanKelucharan Mohapatra||Arts||Orissa|
|1988||Nanda, Bal RamBal Ram Nanda||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1988||Rao, Akkineni NageswaraAkkineni Nageswara Rao||Arts||Andhra Pradesh|
|1988||Rao, Pratury TrirumalaPratury Trirumala Rao||Medicine||Andhra Pradesh|
|1988||Ray, RenukaRenuka Ray||Public Affairs||West Bengal|
|1988||Sreekantan, B. V.B. V. Sreekantan||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|1988||Wahi, Satya PalSatya Pal Wahi||Trade & Industry||Uttar Pradesh|
|1989||Brockway, FennerFenner Brockway||Public Affairs||–|
|1989||Coyaji, Banoo JehangirBanoo Jehangir Coyaji||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1989||Devi, GirijaGirija Devi||Arts||Uttar Pradesh|
|1989||Hebbar, Kattingeri KrishnaKattingeri Krishna Hebbar||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1989||Jain, GirilalGirilal Jain||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1989||Malhotra, Anna RajamAnna Rajam Malhotra||Civil Service||Maharashtra|
|1989||Mathur, M. V.M. V. Mathur||Science & Engineering||Rajasthan|
|1989||Mitra, Ashesh PrasadAshesh Prasad Mitra||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|1989||Mody, RussiRussi Mody||Trade & Industry||Jharkhand|
|1989||Nadkarni, Suresh ShankarSuresh Shankar Nadkarni||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|1989||Randhawa, Narinder SinghNarinder Singh Randhawa||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|1989||Sakurauchi, YoshioYoshio Sakurauchi||Public Affairs||–|
|1989||Singh, LakshmanLakshman Singh||Public Affairs||Maharashtra|
|1989||Tandon, Prakash NarainPrakash Narain Tandon||Medicine||Delhi|
- Foreign recipients
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The President is pleased to institute an award to be designated 'Padma Vibhushan' in three classes, namely: 'Pahela Varg', 'Dusra Varg' and 'Tisra Varg'
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All persons upon whom the decoration of 'Padma Vibhushan' ('Dusra Varg') was conferred under the Regulations issued with Notification No. 2-Pres./54, dated the 2nd January, 1954, shall, for all purposes of these regulations, be deemed to be persons on whom the decoration of Padma Bhushan has been conferred by the President.
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