List of Nazi Party leaders and officials
This is a list of Nazi Party (NSDAP) leaders and officials.
- Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski - Commander of the "Bandenkämpfverbände" SS units responsible for the mass murder of 35,000 civilians in Riga and more than 200,000 in Belarus and eastern Poland.
- Herbert Backe - Minister of Food (appointed 1942) and Minister of Agriculture (appointed 1943).
- Richard Baer - Commander of the Auschwitz I concentration camp from May 1944 to February 1945.
- Alfred Baeumler - Philosopher who interpreted the works of Friedrich Nietzsche in order to legitimize Nazism.
- Klaus Barbie - Head of the Gestapo in Lyon. Nicknamed "the Butcher of Lyon" for his use of torture on prisoners.
- Josef Bauer SS officer and politician
- Josef Berchtold - Very early Party member, and the second Reichsführer-SS from 1926-27.
- Gottlob Berger - Chief of Staff for Waffen-SS and head of the SS's main leadership office.
- Alfred Ingemar Berndt - Propaganda Ministry Official and SS Hauptsturmführer
- Werner Best - SS-Obergruppenführer and Civilian administrator of Nazi occupied France and Denmark.
- Hans Biebow - Chief of Administration of the Łódź Ghetto.
- Helmut Bischoff - SS-Obersturmbannführer. Gestapo officer and head of security for Nazi Germany's V-weapons program.
- Paul Blobel - SS commander primarily responsible for the Babi Yar massacre at Kiev.
- Werner von Blomberg - Generalfeldmarschall, Defence Minister 1933-1935, Minister of War and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces 1935-1938. Forced out in the Blomberg-Fritsch Affair
- Hans-Friedrich Blunck - Propagandist and head of the Reich Literature Chamber between 1933 and 1935.
- Ernst Boepple - State Secretary of the General Government in Poland, serving as deputy to Deputy Governor Josef Bühler. Deeply implicated in the "Final Solution"
- Ernst Wilhelm Bohle - leader of the Foreign Organization of the German Nazi Party from 1933 until 1945.
- Otto von Bolschwing - Member of the SD-foreign branch and deputy to Adolf Eichmann, played a major role in organizing the 1941 Bucharest pogrom.
- Martin Bormann - Head of the Party Chancellery (Parteikanzlei) and private secretary to Adolf Hitler.
- Philipp Bouhler - Chief of the Chancellery of the Führer of the NSDAP and leader of the Action T4 euthanasia program.
- Viktor Brack - Organiser of the Euthanasia Programme, Operation T4 and one of the men responsible for the gassing of Jews in the extermination camps.
- Otto Bradfisch - Commander of the Security Police in Łódź and Potsdam.
- Karl Brandt - Personal physician of Adolf Hitler in August 1944 and headed the administration of the Nazi euthanasia program from 1939.
- Walther von Brauchitsch - Generalfeldmarschall, Commander-in-Chief of the German Army 1938-1941.
- Franz Breithaupt, NSDAP deputy to the Reichstag between 1933–1945.
- Alois Brunner - Commander of the Drancy internment camp outside Paris from June 1943 to August 1944.
- Walter Buch - Jurist and supreme magistrate of the Nazi party.
- Josef Bühler - State secretary for the Nazi-controlled General Government in Kraków during World War II.
- Josef Bürckel - Politician and leading member of the Schutzstaffel from November 1937.
- Anton Burger - Commandant of Concentration camp Theresienstadt between 1943 and 1944.
- Werner Catel - Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Leipzig, considered an expert on the programme of euthanasia for children and participated in the T-4 Program.
- Carl Clauberg - Doctor who conducted medical experiments on human beings in Nazi concentration camps during World War II.
- Leonardo Conti - Head of the Reich Physicians' Chamber (Reichsärztekammer) and leader of the National Socialist German Doctors' League (Nationalsozialistischer Deutscher Ärztebund or NSDÄB).
- Karl Gebhardt - Personal physician of Heinrich Himmler and one of the main perpetrators of surgical experiments performed on inmates of the concentration camps at Ravensbrück and Auschwitz.
- Achim Gercke - Expert of racial matters at the Ministry of the Interior. Devised the system of "racial prophylaxis" forbidding the intermarriage between Jews and Aryans.
- Kurt Gerstein - SS officer and member of the Institute for Hygiene of the Waffen-SS. He witnessed mass murders in the Nazi extermination camps. He gave information to the Swedish diplomat Göran von Otter as well as members of the Roman Catholic Church in order to inform the international public about the Holocaust. In 1945 he authored the Gerstein Report about the Holocaust. Afterward he allegedly committed suicide while in French custody.
- Herbert Otto Gille - SS-Obergruppenfuhrer und General der Waffen-SS. As a winner of the Knight's Cross with Oakleaves, Swords and Diamonds and the German Cross in Gold, he became the most highly decorated member of the Waffen SS during World War II.
- Odilo Globocnik - SS-Obergruppenführer. He was a prominent Austrian Nazi and later an SS leader in Poland. Head of "Operation Reinhard" and one of the persons responsible for the murder of millions of people during the Holocaust.
- Richard Glücks - SS officer and inspector of concentration camps.
- Joseph Goebbels - One of Adolf Hitler's closest associates and most devout followers, he was known for his zealous oratory and anti-Semitism. Minister for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda throughout the Third Reich and World War II. Named Chancellor of the Reich in Hitler's will, a position he held for only one day before his own suicide.
- Hermann Göring - He was Hitler's designated successor (until expelled from office in April 1945), and commander of the Luftwaffe (German Air Force). As Reichsmarschall he was the highest-ranking military officer in the Third Reich; he was also the sole holder of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross. He was sentenced to death by the Nuremberg Tribunal but committed suicide before he could be hanged. He was a veteran of the First World War as an ace fighter pilot, a participant in the Beer Hall Putsch, and the founder of the Gestapo.
- Amon Goeth - SS-Hauptsturmführer. He was the commandant of the Nazi concentration camp at Płaszów, General Government (a German occupied area of Poland).
- Robert Ritter von Greim - German Field Marshal, pilot and the last commander of the Luftwaffe succeeding Hermann Göring in the last days of World War II.
- Arthur Greiser - Chief of Civil Administration and Gauleiter in the military district of Greater Poland.
- Walter Groß - He was chief of the Racial Policy Office of the Nazi Party (NSDAP). Implicated in the Final Solution.
- Kurt Gruber - First chairman of the Hitler Youth (1926-1931).
- Hans Friedrich Karl Günther - Academic teaching racial theories and eugenics.
- Franz Gürtner - Minister of Justice responsible for co-ordinating jurisprudence in the Third Reich.
- Werner von Gilsa - German General of Infantry, whose last assignment was as Wehrmacht commandant of Dresden.
- Eugen Hadamovsky - National programming director for German radio and chief of staff in the Nazi Party's Central Propaganda Office (Reichspropagandaleitung) in Berlin from 1942-1944.
- Ernst Hanfstaengl - Confidante and early supporter of Adolf Hitler.
- Karl Hanke - He served as Governor (Gauleiter) of Lower Silesia from 1941 to 1945 and as the final Reichsführer-SS (after Himmler was expelled by Hitler) for a few days in 1945.
- Fritz Hartjenstein - SS-Obersturmbannführer. Concentration camp commandant at Birkenau, Natzweiler and Flossenbürg.
- Paul Hausser - SS-Oberstgruppenführer und Generaloberst der Waffen-SS. First commander of the military SS-Verfügungstruppe that grew into the Waffen-SS, in which Hausser was a prominent field commander.
- Franz Hayler - State Secretary and acting Reich Economics Minister during the latter part of World War II.
- Martin Heidegger - Eminent philosopher, NSDAP member supported Hitler in 1933
- Erhard Heiden - Founding member of the Schutzstaffel (SS), and its third Reichsführer from 1927-29.
- August Heißmeyer - Leading member of the SS.
- Rudolf Hess (not to be confused with Rudolf Höß) - Deputy Führer to Hitler until his flight to Scotland on the eve of war with the Soviet Union in 1941.
- Walther Hewel - Diplomat and personal friend of Hitler.
- Werner Heyde - Psychiatrist and one of the main organizers of the T-4 Euthanasia Program.
- Reinhard Heydrich - SS-Obergruppenführer and General der Polizei, chief of the RSHA or Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Reich Main Security Office: including the Gestapo, SD and Kripo police agencies) and Stellvertretender Reichsprotektor (Acting Reich-Protector) of Bohemia and Moravia. He was the "right-hand man" to Himmler, and considered a principal architect of the Night of the Long Knives and the Final Solution. Assassinated in 1942 by British-trained Czech commandos.
- Konstantin Hierl - Head of the Reichsarbeitsdienst and an associate of Adolf Hitler before he came to power.
- Erich Hilgenfeldt - Head of the Nazi's Office For People's Welfare.
- Heinrich Himmler - Reichsführer-SS. As head of the SS, Chief of the German Police and later the Minister of the Interior, he was one of the most powerful men in the Third Reich.
- Hans Hinkel Journalist and commissioner at the Reich Ministry for the People's Enlightenment and Propaganda.
- August Hirt - Chairman at the Reich University in Strasbourg and instigator of a plan to build a study-collection of specialized human anatomical specimens. Over 100 Jews were killed for his program. Allied discovery of corpses, paperwork, and statements of laboratory assistants led to war crimes trial preparation, but Hirt committed suicide beforehand.
- Adolf Hitler - politician and leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, abbreviated NSDAP), commonly known as the Nazi Party. He was the absolute dictator of Germany from 1934 to 1945, with the title of Chancellor from 1933 to 1945 and with the title head of state (Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945.
- Hermann Höfle - Deputy to Odilo Globocnik in the Aktion Reinhard program. Played a key role in the "Harvest Festival" massacre of Jewish inmates of the various labour camps in the Lublin district in early November 1943.
- Rudolf Höß (not to be confused with Rudolf Hess) - SS-Obersturmbannführer. Commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp.
- Franz Hofer - Gauleiter of the Tyrol and Vorarlberg regions.
- Adolf Hühnlein - Korpsführer (Corps Leader) of the National Socialist Motor Corps (NSKK), from 1934 until his death in 1942.
- Karl Holz (Nazi) - protege of Julius Streicher, succeeded Streichetr as Gauleiter of Franconia.
- Franz Josef Huber - former Munich political police department inspector with Heinrich Müller and in 1938 appointed chief of the State Police (SiPo) and Gestapo for Vienna, the "Lower Danube", and "Upper Danube" regions.
- Artur Phleps - SS-Obergruppenführer. He saw action with the 5. SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Wiking, and later was commander of the 7. SS-Freiwilligen-Gebirgs-Division Prinz Eugen and the V SS Mountain Corps. He was killed in September 1944.
- Paul Pleiger - State adviser and corporate general director.
- Oswald Pohl - SS-Obergruppenführer. Organized and administrator of the concentration camps.
- Franz Pfeffer von Salomon - Supreme Leader of the SA from its re-founding in 1925 until his removal in 1930 and Hitler's personal assumption of the title.
- Erich Priebke - Participant in the Ardeatine massacre in Rome on March 24, 1944.
- Hans-Adolf Prützmann - Superior SS and Police Leader, and an SS-Obergruppenführer.
- Erich Raeder — Großadmiral, Commander-in-Chief of the Navy (Kriegsmarine) 1936-1943.
- Friedrich Rainer - Austrian Nazi politician, Gauleiter and State governor of Salzburg and Carinthia.
- Sigmund Rascher - SS doctor who carried out experiments on inmates at Dachau concentration camp.
- Walter Rauff - SS Standartenführer and aide to Reinhard Heydrich. He escaped captivity at the end of the war, subsequently working for the Syrian Intelligence.
- Hermann Rauschning - Nazi leader in Danzig
- Walter Reder - SS Sturmbannführer convicted of war crimes in Italy.
- Wilhelm Rediess - Commanding General of SS forces in occupied Norway from 1940 to 1945
- Walter von Reichenau - Generalfeldmarschall and committed Nazi; he joined the Party in 1932 in violation of regulations and was one of the few ardent National Socialists among the Army's senior officers.
- Fritz Reinhardt - State Secretary in the Reich Ministry of Finance 1933 to 1945
- Adrian von Renteln - Generalkommissar of occupied Lithuania from 1941 to 1944.
- Joachim von Ribbentrop - Foreign Minister of Nazi Germany from 1938 until 1945. Condemned at Nuremberg and executed 16 October 1946
- Ernst Röhm - a co-founder of the Sturmabteilung (Storm Battalion) or SA, the Nazi Party militia and later was the SA commander. In 1934, as part of the Night of the Long Knives, he was executed on Hitler's orders as a potential rival.
- Alfred Rosenberg - Nazi philosopher and Reich Minister for the Eastern Territories, tried at Nuremberg and executed on 16 October 1946
- Erwin Rösener - SS-Obergruppenführer, Higher SS and Police Leader, Commander SS Upper Division Alpenland (1941 - 1945)
- Ernst Rudin - Psychiatrist and eugenicist. His work directly influenced the racial policy of Nazi Germany.
- Bernhard Rust - Minister of Science, Education and National Culture from 1934 to 1945
- Fritz Sauckel - Gauleiter of Thuringia, General Plenipotentiary for Labour Deployment (1942–45)
- Hjalmar Schacht - Horace Greeley Hjalmar Schacht (1877-1970) was a German economist, banker and liberal politician, who served as the Currency Commissioner and President of the Reichsbank under the Weimar Republic. He was a fierce critic of his country's post-World War I reparation obligations. Schacht became a supporter of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party, and served in Hitler's government as President of the Reichsbank and Minister of Economics. As such, Schacht played a key role in implementing the policies attributed to Hitler. Since he opposed the policy of German re-armament spearheaded by Hitler, Schacht was first sidelined and then forced out of the Third Reich government beginning in December 1937; therefore, he had no role during World War II. Schacht became a fringe member of the German Resistance to Hitler and was imprisoned by the Nazis after the 20 July plot in 1944. Following the war, Schacht was tried at Nuremberg and acquitted.
- Paul Schäfer - Hitler Youth member and Wehrmacht corporal, subsequently convicted of multiple child sex abuse in Chile.
- Gustav Adolf Scheel - SS Brigadeführer, Gauleiter and Nazi 'multifunctionary'.
- Walther Schellenberg - SS-Brigadeführer who rose through the SS as Heydrich's deputy. In March 1942, he became Chief of Department VI, SD-foreign branch, which, by then, was a department of the RSHA. Later, following the abolition of the Abwehr in 1944, he became head of all foreign intelligence.
- Hans Schemm - Gauleiter and member of the Reichstag. Died in a plane crash in 1935.
- Wilhelm Schepmann - SA Obergruppenführer and Stabschef.
- Max Scheubner-Richter - senior most Nazi killed during the Beer Hall Putsch, ideologue and mentor to Alfred Rosenberg.
- Baldur von Schirach - leader of Hitler Youth (1931–40), Gauleiter of Vienna (1940–45).
- Franz Schlegelberger - Jurist and Reich Minister of Justice 1941-1942
- Carl Schmitt - Philosopher, jurist, and political theorist.
- Kurt Schmitt - Economic leader and Reich Economy Minister 1933-1934
- Paul Schmitthenner - Architect and city planner.
- Gertrud Scholtz-Klink - Leader of the National Socialist Women's League 1934-1945
- Julius Schreck - Co-founder of the SA, first commander of the SS. Later Hitler's personal chauffeur.
- Franz Xaver Schwarz - National Treasurer of the NSDAP 1925-1945 and head of the Reichszeugmeisterei or National Material Control Office. Promoted to SS-Oberstgruppenführer in 1944.
- Heinrich Schwarz - Commandant of Auschwitz III-Monowitz concentration camp from 1943 to 1945.
- Siegfried Seidl - Commandant of the Theresienstadt (1941-1943) and Bergen-Belsen (1943-1944) concentration camps.
- Franz Seldte - Reich Minister for Labour from 1933 to 1945
- Arthur Seyss-Inquart - Austrian Nazi; upon being appointed Chancellor in 1938 he invited in German troops resulting in his country's annexation. Later deputy to Hans Frank in the General Government of occupied Poland (1939–40), and Reichskommissar of the Netherlands (1940–44). Convicted of war crimes and hanged by the Nuremberg Tribunal.
- Gustav Simon - Nazi Gauleiter and Chief of Civil Administration in Luxembourg from 1940 to 1944.
- Franz Six - Chief of Amt VII, Written Records of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA) which dealt with ideological tasks. These included the creation of anti-semitic, anti-masonic propaganda, the sounding of public opinion and monitoring of Nazi indoctrination by the public.
- Albert Speer - architect for Nazis' offices and residences, Party rallies and State buildings (1932–42), Minister of Armaments and War Production (1942–45).
- Franz Stangl - Commandant of the Sobibor (1942) and Treblinka (1942-1943) extermination camps.
- Johannes Stark - German physicist and Physics Nobel Prize laureate who was closely involved with the Deutsche Physik movement under the Nazi regime.
- Otto Steinbrinck - Industrialist and bureaucrat.
- Felix Steiner - SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS. He was chosen by Himmler to oversee the creation of, and command the volunteer Waffen-SS Division, 5th SS Panzer Division Wiking.
- Walter Stennes - the Berlin commandant of the Sturmabteilung (SA), who in the summer of 1930 and again in the spring of 1931 led a revolt against the NSDAP in Berlin as these SA members saw their organization as a revolutionary group, the vanguard of a socialist order that would overthrow the hated Republic. Both revolts were put down and Stennes was expelled from the Nazi Party. He left Germany in 1933 and worked as a military adviser to Chiang Kai-shek.
- Gregor Strasser
- Otto Strasser
- Julius Streicher - founder and editor of anti-semitic Nazi newspaper Der Stürmer (1923-1945), Gauleiter of Franconia (1929–40).
- Karl Strölin - Lord Mayor of Stuttgart (1933-1945) and Chairman of the 'Deutsches Ausland-Institut' (DAI)
- Jürgen Stroop - SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS und Polizei. Stroop's most prominent role was the suppression of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, an action which cost the lives of over 50,000 people.
- Wilhelm Stuckart - Jurist, State Secretary and attendee at the Wannsee Conference.
- Otto von Stülpnagel - Military Commander in France from 1940 to 1942.
- Friedrich Syrup
- Otto Wagener, soldier and economist. Was successively Chief of Staff of the SA, head of the Party Economic Policy Section, and Reich Commissar for the Economy. Subsequently, served at the front, reaching the rank of Generalmajor.
- Adolf Wagner - Gauleiter of München-Oberbayern and Bavarian Interior Minister
- Gerhard Wagner - Leader of the Reich Physicians' Chamber from 1935 to 1939.
- Josef Wagner - Gauleiter of the Gau of Westphalia-South, and as of January 1935 also of the Gau of Silesia. In 1942 he was expelled from the Nazi Party.
- Robert Heinrich Wagner - Gauleiter of occupied Alsace from 1940 to 1944.
- Wilhelm Weiß - SA Obergruppenführer and editor-in-chief of the Nazi Party's official newspaper, the Völkischer Beobachter
- Horst Wessel - Sturmführer in the Berlin SA and author of the Horst-Wessel-Lied ("Die Fahne Hoch"), the Party anthem. Elevated to martyr status by Nazi propaganda after his 1930 murder– by Communists, according to the Nazis, or by a rival pimp, according to their opponents.
- Max Winkler
- Christian Wirth - SS-Obersturmführer. He was a senior German police and SS officer during the program to exterminate the Jewish people of occupied Poland during World War II, known as "Operation Reinhard". Wirth was a top aide of Odilo Globocnik, the overall director of "Operation Reinhard" (Aktion Reinhard or Einsatz Reinhard).
- Hermann Wirth
- Eduard Wirths - Chief camp physician at Auschwitz concentration camp from 1942 to 1945
- Karl Wolff - SS-Obergruppenführer and General der Waffen-SS. He became Chief of Personal Staff to the Reichsführer-SS (Heinrich Himmler) and SS Liaison Officer to Hitler until his replacement in 1943. From 1943 to 1945, Wolff was the Supreme SS and Police Leader of the 'Italien' area. By 1945 Wolff was acting military commander of Italy, and in that capacity negotiated the surrender of all the forces in the Southwest Front.
- Alfred Wünnenberg - SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS und der Polizei. Commander of the SS-Polizei-Division, 1941-1943; Chief of the Ordnungspolizei, 1943–1945 after Kurt Daluege suffered a massive heart attack.