List of Latino and Hispanic Nobel laureates

The Nobel Prize is an annual, international prize first awarded in 1901 for achievements in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. An associated prize in Economics has been awarded since 1969.[1] Nobel Prizes have been awarded to over 800 individuals.[2]

Latinos and Hispanics have been the recipients in five of six award categories: Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. The first Hispanic recipient, José Echegaray, was awarded the Peace Prize in 1905 and first Latino receive the prize was Carlos Saavedra Lamas in 1936. The most recent recipient Juan Manuel Santos was awarded the Peace prize in October 2016.

Two Latino laureates — Óscar Arias Sánchez and Juan Manuel Santos — where president of their country when they were awarded the prize. As of 2015, 25 Nobel Prize winners have been Latinos and Hispanics.


Year Image Laureate Country Category Comment
1904 José Echegaray  Spain Literature[3] First Hispanic Spanish to win a Nobel Prize in Literature
1906 Santiago Ramón y Cajal  Spain Physiology or Medicine[4] First Hispanic Spanish to win a Nobel Prize in Science
1922 Jacinto Benavente  Spain Literature
1936 Carlos Saavedra Lamas  Argentina Peace First Latino to win a Nobel Prize in Peace
1945 Gabriela Mistral  Chile Literature First Latino women to win a Nobel Prize in Literature
1949 Bernardo Houssay  Argentina Physiology or Medicine[5] First Latino to win a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1956 Juan Ramón Jiménez  Spain Literature
1959 Severo Ochoa  Spain Physiology or Medicine First Hispanic to win a Nobel Prize in Science
1960 Peter Medawar  UK Physiology or Medicine Peter (he was of Christian Lebanese descent)[6]) was also a Brazilian citizen, but renounced his citizenship by refusing military conscription[7][8]
1967 Miguel Ángel Asturias  Guatemala Literature First Latino to win a Nobel Prize in Literature
1968 Luis Walter Alvarez  United States Physics First Hispanic to win a Nobel Prize in Physics[9]
1970 Luis F. Leloir  Argentina Chemistry[10]
1971 Pablo Neruda  Chile Literature
1977 Vicente Aleixandre  Spain Literature
1980 Adolfo Pérez Esquivel  Argentina Peace[11]
1980 Baruj Benacerraf  Venezuela/ United States[12] Physiology or Medicine[12]
1982 Gabriel García Márquez  Colombia Literature
1982 Alfonso García Robles  Mexico Peace
1984 César Milstein  Argentina Physiology or Medicine[13]
1987 Óscar Arias Sánchez  Costa Rica Peace
1989 Camilo José Cela  Spain Literature
1990 Octavio Paz  Mexico Literature
1992 Rigoberta Menchú  Guatemala Peace
1995 Mario J. Molina  Mexico Chemistry.
2010 Mario Vargas Llosa  Peru Literature
2016 Juan Manuel Santos  Colombia Peace

See also


  1. "Nobel Prize" (2007), in Encyclopædia Britannica, accessed 14 November 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online:
    An additional award, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, was established in 1968 by the Bank of Sweden and was first awarded in 1969
  2. "All Nobel Laureates". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2010-03-01.
  3. "The Nobel Prize in Literature 1904:Frédéric Mistral, José Echegaray". Elsevier Publishing Company. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
  4. Sherrington, C. S. (1935). "Santiago Ramon y Cajal. 1852-1934". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 1 (4): 424. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1935.0007.
  5. Young, F.; Foglia, V. G. (1974). "Bernardo Alberto Houssay 1887–1971". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 20: 246. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1974.0011.
  6. "Sir Peter Medawar". New Scientist. 12 April 1984. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
  7. "Brazilian Nobel". Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  8. "Diploma revalidation in Brazil: abandon all hope ye who need it". Leonardo M Alves's Blog. 31 January 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  9. Fernandez, R. M. (September 2011). "A Finding Aid to the Mabel Alvarez Papers, 1898–1987, in the Archives of American Art". Archives of American Art. Retrieved June 15, 2011.
  10. "Biography of Luis Leloir". Retrieved 7 June 2010.
  11. "Adofo Pérez Esquivel". Nobel Prize Committee.
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