List of Hispanic and Latino Americans in the United States Congress

This is a list of Hispanic and Latino Americans who have served in the United States Congress.

In addition to the members of Congress listed below, Charles Gayarré was elected to the U.S. Senate as a Democrat from Louisiana in 1834, but resigned on account of ill health prior to taking his seat.


Picture Senator Party State Term Hispanic Ancestry; Place of birth Reason for leaving
Charles Dominique Joseph Bouligny
Adams-Clay Republican Louisiana 1824–1829  Spain; born in United States New Orleans, Louisiana Retired
Judah P. Benjamin
Democrat Louisiana 1853–1861  Spain; born in United States Saint Croix, United States Virgin Islands Resigned when Louisiana seceded from the Union
Octaviano Ambrosio Larrazolo
Republican New Mexico 1928–1929  Mexico; born in Chihuahua, Mexico Retired
Dennis Chavez
Democrat New Mexico 1935–1962  Spain; born in United States Los Chaves, New Mexico Died in office
Joseph Montoya
Democrat New Mexico 1964–1977  Spain; born in United States Peña Blanca, New Mexico Defeated
John E. Sununu
(b. 1964)
Republican New Hampshire 2003–2009  Cuba &  El Salvador; born in United States Boston, Massachusetts Defeated
Mel Martínez
(b. 1946)
Republican Florida 2005–2009  Cuba; born in Sagua La Grande, Cuba Resigned. Served as United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development from 2001 to 2003.
Ken Salazar
(b. 1955)
Democrat Colorado 2005–2009  Mexico; born in United States Alamosa, Colorado Resigned to become United States Secretary of the Interior
Bob Menendez
(b. 1954)
Democrat New Jersey 2006–present  Cuba; born in United States New York, New York
Marco Rubio
(b. 1971)
Republican Florida 2011–present  Cuba; born in United States Miami, Florida
Ted Cruz
(b. 1970)
Republican Texas 2013–present  Cuba; born in Canada Calgary, Alberta, Canada

House of Representatives

Picture Representative Party State Term Reason for leaving
Alcée Louis la Branche
Democrat Louisiana 1843–1845 Retired
John Edward Bouligny
American (Know-Nothing) Louisiana 1859–1861 Retired; was only congressman from Louisiana not to resign when the state seceded from the Union
Romualdo Pacheco
Republican California 1877–1878, 1879–1883 Lost election challenge & Retired; was also the first and only Hispanic Governor of California and the first Hispanic Governor in the United States.
Albert Estopinal
Democrat Louisiana 1908–1919 Died in office
Ladislas Lazaro
Democrat Louisiana 1913–1927 Died in office
Benigno C. Hernández
Republican New Mexico 1915–1917
Defeated & Retired
Néstor Montoya
Republican New Mexico 1921–1923 Died in office
Dennis Chavez
Democrat New Mexico 1931–1935 Elected as the United States Senator for New Mexico
Joachim O. Fernández
Democrat Louisiana 1931–1941 Defeated
Antonio M. Fernández
Democrat New Mexico 1943–1956 Died in office
Joseph Montoya
Democrat New Mexico 1957–1964 Elected as the United States Senator for New Mexico
Henry B. Gonzalez
Democrat Texas 1961–1999 Retired
Edward R. Roybal
Democrat California 1963–1993 Retired
Kika de la Garza
(b. 1927)
Democrat Texas 1965–1997 Retired
Manuel Lujan, Jr.
(b. 1928)
Republican New Mexico 1969–1989 Retired and became United States Secretary of the Interior
Herman Badillo
Democrat New York 1971–1977 Resigned to become Deputy Mayor of New York City, and later joined the Republican Party
Charles B. Rangel
(b. 1930)
Democrat New York 1971–present
Robert García
(b. 1933)
Democrat New York 1978–1990 Resigned and jailed due to the Wedtech scandal
Matthew G. Martinez
Democrat 1982–2000, Republican 2000–2001 California 1982–2001 Lost re-nomination and joined the Republican Party
Bill Richardson
(b. 1943)
Democrat New Mexico 1983–1997 Resigned to become United States Ambassador to the United Nations
Solomon P. Ortiz
(b. 1937)
Democrat Texas 1983–2011 Defeated
Esteban Edward Torres
(b. 1930)
Democrat California 1983–1999 Retired
Barbara Vucanovich
Republican Nevada 1983–1997 Retired
Though Ileana Ros-Lehtinen is widely credited as the first Hispanic woman in Congress, Vucanovich's mother was of partial Hispanic heritage
Albert Bustamante
(b. 1935)
Democrat Texas 1985–1993 Defeated and jailed for bribery
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen
(b. 1952)
Republican Florida 1989–present
José Serrano
(b. 1943)
Democrat New York 1990–present
Ed Pastor
(b. 1943)
Democrat Arizona 1991–2015 Retired
Frank Tejeda
(b. 1945–1997)
Democrat Texas 1993–1997 Died in office
Bob Menendez
(b. 1954)
Democrat New Jersey 1993–2006 Resigned to accept appointment as a United States Senator from New Jersey
Xavier Becerra
(b. 1958)
Democrat California 1993–present
Henry Bonilla
(b. 1954)
Republican Texas 1993–2007 Defeated
Lincoln Diaz-Balart
(b. 1954)
Republican Florida 1993–2011 Retired
Luis Gutiérrez
(b. 1953)
Democrat Illinois 1993–present
Lucille Roybal-Allard
(b. 1941)
Democrat California 1993–present
Nydia Velázquez
(b. 1953)
Democrat New York 1993–present
John E. Sununu
(b. 1964)
Republican New Hampshire 1997–2003 Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate from New Hampshire
Silvestre Reyes
(b. 1944)
Democrat Texas 1997–2013 Lost re-nomination
Ciro Rodriguez
(b. 1946)
Democrat Texas 1997–2005, 2007–2011 Lost re-nomination & Defeated
Rubén Hinojosa
(b. 1940)
Democrat Texas 1997–present
Loretta Sanchez
(b. 1960)
Democrat California 1997–present
Joe Baca
(b. 1947)
Democrat California 1999–2013 Defeated and joined the Republican Party
Charlie Gonzalez
(b. 1945)
Democrat Texas 1999–2013 Retired
Grace Napolitano
(b. 1936)
Democrat California 1999–present
Hilda Solis
(b. 1957)
Democrat California 2001–2009 Resigned to become United States Secretary of Labor
Mario Diaz-Balart
(b. 1961)
Republican Florida 2003–present
Raúl Grijalva
(b. 1948)
Democrat Arizona 2003–present
Linda Sánchez
(b. 1969)
Democrat California 2003–present
Henry Cuellar
(b. 1955)
Democrat Texas 2005–present
John Salazar
(b. 1953)
Democrat Colorado 2005–2011 Defeated
Albio Sires
(b. 1951)
Democrat New Jersey 2006–present
Ben R. Luján
(b. 1972)
Democrat New Mexico 2009–present
Francisco "Quico" Canseco
(b. 1949)
Republican Texas 2011–2013 Defeated
Bill Flores
(b. 1954)
Republican Texas 2011–present
Jaime Herrera
(b. 1978)
Republican Washington 2011–present
Raúl Labrador
(b. 1967)
Republican Idaho 2011–present
David Rivera
(b. 1965)
Republican Florida 2011–2013 Defeated
Tony Cardenas
(b. 1963)
Democrat California 2013–present
Joaquín Castro
(b. 1974)
Democrat Texas 2013–present
Pete Gallego
(b. 1961)
Democrat Texas 2013–2015 Defeated
Joe Garcia
(b. 1963)
Democrat Florida 2013–2015 Defeated
Michelle Lujan Grisham
(b. 1959)
Democrat New Mexico 2013–present
Gloria Negrete McLeod
(b. 1941)
Democrat California 2013–2015 Retired to run unsuccessfully for San Bernardino County Board of Supervisors
Raul Ruiz
(b. 1972)
Democrat California 2013–present
Ron DeSantis
(b. 1978)
Republican Florida 2013–present
Juan Vargas
(b. 1961)
Democrat California 2013–present
Filemon Vela, Jr.
(b. 1963)
Democrat Texas 2013–present
Pete Aguilar
(b. 1979)
Democrat California 2015–present
Carlos Curbelo
(b. 1980)
Republican Florida 2015–present
Ruben Gallego
(b. 1979)
Democrat Arizona 2015–present
Alex Mooney
(b. 1971)
Republican West Virginia 2015–present
Norma Torres
(b. 1965)
Democrat California 2015–present

House Delegates (non-voting members)

Picture Representative Party Territory Term Reason for leaving
Joseph Marion Hernández
Whig Florida Territory 1822–1823 Retired
José Manuel Gallegos
Democrat New Mexico Territory 1853–1856
Lost contested election & defeated
Miguel Antonio Otero
Democrat New Mexico Territory 1856–1861 Retired
Francisco Perea
Republican New Mexico Territory 1863–1865 Defeated
José Francisco Chaves
Republican New Mexico Territory 1865–1867
Defeated & defeated
Trinidad Romero
Republican New Mexico Territory 1877–1879 Retired
Mariano S. Otero
Republican New Mexico Territory 1879–1881 Retired
Tranquilino Luna
Republican New Mexico Territory 1881–1884 Lost contested election
Francisco Antonio Manzanares
Democrat New Mexico Territory 1884–1885 Retired
Pedro Perea
Republican New Mexico Territory 1899–1901 Retired
Federico Degetau
Republican Puerto Rico 1901–1905 Retired
Tulio Larrinaga
Unionist Puerto Rico 1905–1911 Defeated
Manuel L. Quezon
Non-Partisan Philippines 1909–1916 Retired
Luis Muñoz Rivera
Unionist Puerto Rico 1911–1916 Died in office
Félix Córdova Dávila
Unionist Puerto Rico 1917–1932 Resigned in order to accept appointment as associate justice of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico
José Lorenzo Pesquera
Non-Partisan Puerto Rico 1932–1933 Retired
Santiago Iglesias
Coalitionist Puerto Rico 1933–1939 Died in office
Bolívar Pagán
Coalitionist Puerto Rico 1939–1945 Defeated
Jesús T. Piñero
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico 1945–1946 Resigned to become Governor of Puerto Rico
Antonio Fernós-Isern
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico 1946–1965 Retired
Santiago Polanco Abreu
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico 1965–1969 Defeated
Jorge Luis Córdova
New Progressive Puerto Rico 1969–1973 Defeated
Jaime Benítez
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico 1973–1977 Defeated
Ron de Lugo
(b. 1930)
Democrat U.S. Virgin Islands 1973–1979
Retired to run unsuccessfully for Governor of the United States Virgin Islands & retired
Baltasar Corrada del Río
(b. 1935)
New Progressive Puerto Rico 1977–1985 Retired to run successfully for Mayor of San Juan, Puerto Rico
Jaime Fuster
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico 1985–1992 Resigned in order to accept appointment as associate justice of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico
Antonio Colorado
(b. 1939)
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico 1992–1993 Defeated
Carlos Romero Barceló
(b. 1932)
New Progressive Puerto Rico 1993–2001 Defeated
Aníbal Acevedo Vilá
(b. 1962)
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico 2001–2005 Retired to run successfully for Governor of Puerto Rico
Luis Fortuño
(b. 1960)
New Progressive Puerto Rico 2005–2009 Retired to run successfully for Governor of Puerto Rico
Pedro Pierluisi
(b. 1959)
New Progressive Puerto Rico 2009–present

See also


  1. for the predecessors and successors of each Hispanic and Latino American Representative's/Delegate's district or Senator with their date of birth and death, click on the U.S. representative/delegate or senator, for the number of congresses, click on the congress.
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