List of governors of Tanganyika

Map of Tanganyika Territory, 1934.
Flag of Tanganyika from 1919 to 1961

The colony of German East Africa was founded in the 1880s, after the German explorer Carl Peters signed treaties with native chieftains on neighboring Zanzibar. On 3 March 1885, the government of the German Empire granted an imperial charter to the German East Africa Company, and a protectorate was established. German rule in the region lasted until World War I, when the British occupied the colony during the East African Campaign. The British territory of Tanganyika was established on 20 July 1922, when Britain acquired a mandate to administer the region as a result of Article 22 of the Covenant of the League of Nations. On 18 April 1946, the mandate was reorganized as a Trust Territory of the United Nations. Afterwards, the region remained under the British administration until it gained independence on 9 December 1961 as Tanganyika, and thereafter it became a Commonwealth realm.

List of Governors of Tanganyika

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Tenure Incumbent Notes
German East Africa
German East Africa Protectorate
27 May 1885 to 8 February 1888Carl Peters, Administrator
8 February 1888 to 1 January 1891Hermann von Wissmann, ReichskommissarImperial commissioner, 1st time
German East Africa Colony
1 January 1891 to 21 February 1891Hermann von Wissmann, ReichskommissarImperial commissioner, 1st time
21 February 1891 to 15 September 1893Julius von Soden, Governor
1891Rüdiger, acting GovernorActing for Soden
15 September 1893 to 25 April 1895Friedrich von Schele, Governor
25 April 1895 to 3 December 1896Hermann von Wissmann, Governor2nd time
3 December 1896 to 12 March 1901Eduard von Liebert, Governor
12 March 1901 to 15 April 1906Gustav Adolf von Götzen, Governor
15 April 1906 to 22 April 1912Albrecht von Rechenberg, Governor
22 April 1912 to 14 November 1918Heinrich Schnee, GovernorFrom 9 October 1916 on the move in opposition to British forces
Occupation of German East Africa by United Kingdom
9 October 1916 to 22 July 1920Horace Archer Byatt, AdministratorFrom 1918, Sir Horace Archer Byatt
22 July 1920 to 20 July 1922Sir Horace Archer Byatt, Governor
League of Nations Mandate (administered by United Kingdom)
20 July 1922 to 5 March 1925Sir Horace Archer Byatt, Governor
1924 to 5 March 1925John Scott, acting GovernorActing for Byatt
5 March 1925 to January 1931Donald Charles Cameron, Governor
1929Sir Douglas James Jardine, acting GovernorActing for Cameron
January 1931 to February 1934George Stewart Symes, Governor
19 February 1934 to 8 July 1938Sir Harold Alfred MacMichael, Governor
8 July 1938 to 19 June 1941Sir Mark Aitchinson Young, Governor
19 June 1941 to 28 April 1945Sir Wilfrid Edward Francis Jackson, Governor
28 April 1945 to 11 December 1946Sir William Denis Battershill, Governor
United Nations Trust Territory (administered by United Kingdom)
11 December 1946 to 18 June 1949Sir William Denis Battershill, Governor
18 June 1949 to June 1958Sir Edward Francis Twining, Governor
15 July 1958 to 9 December 1961Sir Richard Gordon Turnbull, Governor
9 December 1961Independence as Tanganyika

For continuation after independence, see: List of heads of state of Tanzania#Governors-General

See also

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 8/26/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.