List of Brazilian federative units by gross domestic product
Brazil produced, in 1999, a gross domestic product (GDP) of R$44,403,000 million or US$2,223,737 million in nominal terms, ranking 7th worldwide, and million in Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) terms, ranking 7th worldwide, according to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). In that year, the Brazilian economy grew 1.0% in real terms according to revised figures of the IBGE. The per capita accounts of the GDP were of R$22,813.47 or in nominal terms, and in PPP terms. The Brazilian population, in 2012, was of 193,300,291, ranking 5th worldwide and totaling 2.84% of the world's population.
Brazil is formed by the union of 27 federative units—26 states and the Federal District, which contains the capital city, Brasília. Of these, seven states; São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná, Bahia and Santa Catarina; with the Federal District, concentrate almost 80% of the national economy. São Paulo is the richest and most populous state of Brazil, ranking 16th and 27th worldwide, respectively; Rio de Janeiro is the second richest and the third most populous state, ranking 65th and 59th worldwide; and Minas Gerais is the third richest and the second most populous state, ranking 80th and 55th worldwide. Piauí has the lowest GDP per capita at the same time that the Federal District has the highest. Amapá, Acre and Roraima are the poorest states in the country with 0,59% of the national GDP.
The listings are based on data from the 2012 Regional Accounts Report, published by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), in partnership with the State Bodies of Statistics, State Departments of Government and the Superintendency of the Manaus Free Zone (SUFRAMA). Information is compiled from statistics on the annual value of production, intermediate consumption and added value of each economic activity, as well as indicators of growth in the volume of annual production and the annual index of prices of goods and services produced and the main inputs consumed. The methodology and database of the Report is completely integrated to the series of National Accounts, which has as initial reference the year 2002, with results consistent with the National Classification of Economic Activities (CNAE).
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|Federative unit|| population
in millions †
in BRL million
in USD million
|#|| GDP Per capita
| GDP Per capita
|North Region [†]||15.8||—||231,383||118,415||5.3%||Angola||—||14,179||7,256||Azerbaijan|
|Northeast Region [†]||53.5||—||595,382||304,699||13.6%||Malaysia||—||11,045||5,653||Ecuador|
|Rio Grande do Norte||3.4||18||39,544||20,237||0.9%||Afghanistan||20||12,249||6,269||Turkmenistan|
|Alagoas||3.3||20||29,545||15,120||0.7%||Papua New Guinea||25||9,333||4,776||Macedonia|
|Southeast Region [†]||80.7||—||2,424,005||1,240,535||55.2%||South Korea||—||29,718||15,209||Barbados|
|Rio de Janeiro||16.5||2||504,221||258,046||11.5%||Israel||3||31,065||15,898||Chile|
|São Paulo||44.0||1||1,408,904||721,036||32.1%||Saudi Arabia||2||33,624||17,208||Estonia|
|South Region [†]||27.3||—||710,860||363,797||16.2%||Thailand||—||25,634||13,119||Croatia|
|Rio Grande do Sul||11.2||4||277,658||142,097||6.3%||Bangladesh||7||25,779||13,193||Palau|
|Central-West Region [†]||13.6||—||430,463||220,298||9.8%||Ireland||—||29,844||15,273||Chile|
|Mato Grosso do Sul||2.6||17||54,471||27,877||1.2%||Ivory Coast||9||21,744||11,128||Brazil|
∗ The original order of brazilian states in this list is in accordance with the respective state's number code defined by IBGE.
- States of Brazil
- Economy of Brazil
- List of country subdivisions by GDP over 100 billion US dollars
- List of subnational entities
- Annual average exchange rates: GDP (in US$), according to UN Countries GDP list, the GDP 2012 of Brazil is R$4,392,094 million or US$2,247,745 million, It is estimated that average exchange rate was R$1.9540 per US$1 in 2012.
- Regional Accounts 2012, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), November 2014, retrieved November 24, 2014.
- World Economic Outlook Database, International Monetary Fund (FMI), November 2009, retrieved November 19, 2009.