List of Atlantic Coast Conference football champions
The list of Atlantic Coast Conference football champions includes 11 distinct teams that have won the college football championship awarded by the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) since its creation in 1953. Sixteen different teams have competed in the conference since that year. Five teams—Miami, Boston College, Pittsburgh, Syracuse, and Louisville—have never won an ACC football championship, while two teams that are no longer a member of the league hold championships—Maryland-holds nine championships and South Carolina—holds one championship.
Between 1953 and 2003, the championship was normally earned in round-robin regular-season play among all conference members, although in earlier years league teams did not typically play every possible ACC opponent. The league did not employ tiebreaking procedures, such as head-to-head results, to determine a single champion, and thus it was not unusual for a season to end with "co-champions." With a 2004 expansion of the league to include Miami and Virginia Tech, round-robin play became impossible due to an NCAA limit on the number of games a team may play during the season and the unwillingness of the league to hold more than eight conference games per season per team. NCAA rules also forbade a championship game due to the league having only 11 members.
A 2005 expansion that admitted Boston College gave the ACC the required 12 members needed for divisional play and a championship game. The ACC Championship Game has been held annually since that year, featuring the regular-season winners of the Atlantic and Coastal divisions in a game to determine the conference champion.
During the 2005, 2006, and 2007 seasons, the championship game was held at Alltel Stadium in Jacksonville, Florida. In 2008 and 2009, the championship was held at Raymond James Stadium in Tampa, Florida. In 2010 and 2011, the venue switched to Bank of America Stadium in Charlotte, North Carolina, and on December 2, 2011 the ACC announced that the 2012 and 2013 ACC Championship Games would again be played in Charlotte.
The charter members of the ACC were Clemson, Duke, Maryland, North Carolina, North Carolina State, South Carolina, and Wake Forest. The seven ACC charter members had been aligned with the Southern Conference, but left due in part to the conference's ban on postseason play. The ACC officially came into existence on June 14, 1953. The 1953 college football season, the first under the new conference, saw Duke and Maryland crowned conference co-champions. Maryland later went on to be crowned national champions before losing the 1954 Orange Bowl.
On December 4, 1953, conference officials convened in Greensboro, North Carolina, and admitted the University of Virginia as the eighth member of the conference. Virginia was the first non-Southern Conference member to join the new conference, as Virginia had played football with no conference affiliation since 1936. The conference operated with eight members until June 30, 1971, when the University of South Carolina left to become an independent.
After South Carolina's departure, the ACC operated with seven members until April 3, 1978, when the Georgia Institute of Technology was admitted. The Atlanta, school had withdrawn from the Southeastern Conference in January 1964 and had operated as an independent before joining the ACC. Though the school joined the conference beginning with the 1979 season, it did not become eligible to win the ACC football championship until the 1983 season. Seven years after beginning full ACC play, Georgia Tech won its first ACC football championship en route to winning the 1990 NCAA Division I football championship.
In the fall of 1982, Clemson University was put on probation by the NCAA for recruiting violations. The probation forbade the team from participating in any bowl games, reduced the scholarships available to the team, and rendered the team ineligible for ACC football championship competition. Though the team still played its full slate of games during the 1983 season and finished 9–1–1, Maryland, which finished with an 8–4 record, was awarded the ACC football championship.
The ACC expanded to nine members on September 15, 1990, with the addition of Florida State. Beginning with the 1992 football season—its first in the ACC—Florida State won or shared the ACC football championship nine consecutive times. The conference expanded to 11 members on July 1, 2004, with the addition of the University of Miami and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
Miami and Virginia Tech began official ACC play with the 2004 college football season, but because the league was forbidden from hosting a championship game, the conference was forced to award a championship based on regular-season play (round-robin scheduling was no longer used beginning that season). Virginia Tech, which had the best conference record at the conclusion of the season, was awarded the ACC championship.
Championship game era
Following the admittance of Boston College into the conference beginning with the 2005–2006 season, the conference began to play an annual championship game to conclude the season. The new 12-team conference was divided into two divisions, and the champion of each division (the team with the best conference record in each division) was awarded an invitation to the conference championship game.
The first championship game was held in Jacksonville, Florida, on December 3, 2005, with Florida State (champions of the Atlantic Division) defeating Virginia Tech (Coastal Division champions), 27–22. In 2006, Wake Forest faced off against Georgia Tech for the championship. In the lowest-scoring conference championship game in Division I history, Wake defeated Georgia Tech, 9–6. The 2007 game saw Virginia Tech return to the contest, this time facing off against Boston College. In their second ACC Championship Game, Tech defeated Boston College, 30–16.
The 2008 ACC Championship Game was held in Raymond James Stadium in Tampa, Florida, on December 6, 2008. Virginia Tech won by a score of 30–12, becoming the first ACC team to win consecutive ACC championship games. Tampa also hosted the 2009 ACC Championship Game which was won by Georgia Tech over Clemson. Poor attendance in both of the Florida locations caused a move to Charlotte, North Carolina's Bank of America Stadium for the 2010 and 2011 games. Charlotte hosted the game again in 2012 and 2013. In February 2014 it was announced that Charlotte would continue to host the game through at least 2019.
Champions by year
| This was the inaugural ACC football season, and seven teams participated. |
Maryland also won the 1953 NCAA Division I college football national championship.
|1954||Duke||Virginia participated as an ACC team for the first time. Eight schools participated in the ACC.|
|1963|| North Carolina
|South Carolina/Duke originally co-champions. League office made South Carolina forfeit wins against NC State and Clemson which made them co-champions.|
|1971||North Carolina||South Carolina left the ACC following the 1971 season. Seven teams remained in the ACC.|
|1981||Clemson||Clemson also won the National Championship beating Nebraska in the Orange Bowl.|
|1983||Maryland||Clemson finished undefeated against ACC opponents, but was ineligible for the 1983 conference title. Therefore, the championship was awarded to Maryland, whose loss to Clemson did not count against its conference record. Georgia Tech became eligible to win the ACC football championship this season.|
|Virginia received the Citrus Bowl bid awarded to the ACC champion in 1989.|
|1990||Georgia Tech||Georgia Tech also won the UPI National Championship (now the USA Today Coaches' Poll), beating Nebraska in the Citrus Bowl.|
|1991||Clemson||Florida State joined the ACC, but did not compete for the football championship until the following season.|
|1993||Florida State||Florida State also won the National Championship that season, beating Nebraska in the Orange Bowl|
|1995|| Florida State
|Florida State received the Bowl Alliance bid awarded to the 1995 ACC football champion.|
|1998|| Florida State
|Florida State received the Bowl Championship Series bid awarded to the 1998 ACC football champion.|
|1999||Florida State||Florida State won their second National Championship that season, beating Michael Vick and Virginia Tech in the Sugar Bowl|
|2001||Maryland||Maryland became the first team other than Florida State to win the outright conference championship since FSU joined the ACC.|
|2004||Virginia Tech||Virginia Tech and Miami joined the ACC, which then had 11 teams.|
|2005||Florida State||This was the first year of the ACC Championship Game. Florida State defeated Coastal Division champion Virginia Tech.|
|2006||Wake Forest||Wake Forest defeated Coastal Division champion Georgia Tech.|
|2007||Virginia Tech||Virginia Tech defeated Atlantic Division champion Boston College.|
|2008||Virginia Tech||Virginia Tech defeated Atlantic Division champion Boston College.|
|2009||Vacated||Georgia Tech defeated Atlantic Division champion Clemson in the championship game, but the NCAA later vacated their win.|
|2010||Virginia Tech||Virginia Tech defeated Atlantic Division champion Florida State.|
|2011||Clemson||Clemson defeated Coastal Division champion Virginia Tech.|
|2012||Florida State||Florida State defeated Coastal Division champion Georgia Tech.|
|2013||Florida State||Florida State defeated Coastal Division champion Duke, followed by a victory over Auburn in the BCS National Championship Game for the Seminoles' third title. Pittsburgh and Syracuse joined the ACC, bringing it to its current total of 14 teams.|
|2014||Florida State||Florida State defeated Coastal Division champion Georgia Tech. Florida State lost to Oregon in the 2014 Rose Bowl Game of the inaugural College Football Playoff.|
|2015||Clemson||Clemson defeated Coastal Division champion North Carolina. Clemson defeated Oklahoma in the 2015 Orange Bowl of the College Football Playoff. Clemson moved on to play for the 2016 College Football Playoff National Championship against Alabama, losing 45 to 40.|
|2016||Clemson||Clemson defeated Coastal Division champion Virginia Tech.|
Championships by school
* Co-champions.** Georgia Tech was forced to vacate the 2009 ACC Championship in response to NCAA violations.