Liberation Music Orchestra (album)
|Liberation Music Orchestra|
|Studio album by Charlie Haden|
April 27–29, 1969|
Judson Hall, New York City
|Charlie Haden chronology|
|Liberation Music Orchestra chronology|
|The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide|
The inspiration for the album came when Haden heard songs from the Spanish Civil War. He included three of those songs on the album (the trilogy "El Quinto Regimiento", "Los Cuatro Generales", and "Viva la Quince Brigada", which are old Spanish folk songs given new words during the war, in that order "El Vito", previously adapted by John Coltrane as “Olé", "Los Cuatro Muleros", for which Federico García Lorca also wrote lyrics, and "Ay Carmela").
Other tracks on the album include Ornette Coleman's "War Orphans", which Haden had played with Coleman in 1967, three pieces by Carla Bley, who also contributed much of the arranging, two of Haden's own compositions, one dedicated to Che Guevara and one inspired by the 1968 National Convention of the U.S. Democratic Party:
- "After the minority plank on Vietnam was defeated in a vote taken on the convention floor, the California and New York delegations spontaneously began to sing 'We Shall Overcome' [the last track on the album] in protest. Unable to gain control of the floor, the rostrum instructed the convention orchestra to drown out the singing. 'You're a Grand Old Flag' and 'Happy Days Are Here Again' could then be heard trying to stifle 'We Shall Overcome'. To me this told the story, in music, of what was happening in our country politically." (Charlie Haden, original liner notes)
In "Circus '68 '69" the musicians are thus divided into two bands in recreation of the events on the convention floor.
Lester Bangs' Rolling Stone review stated "The arrangements by Carla Bley are miracles of dynamics, rising and falling in volume and velocity and the awe-inspiring balance of collective ensembles improvising freely through swellings and contractions of individual voices entering and leaving the mysterious swirling circle of simultaneous songs as diverse as the number of performers yet never lacking in the kind of transporting telepathic unity that makes this multiplicity of musical lines such a far cry from the chaos of the charlatans in other sections of the avant-garde hiding under the mantle of these geniuses. An extremely tight, moving substantial record."
LP side A:
- "The Introduction" (Bley) / "Song of the United Front" (Brecht, Eisler) – 3:07
- "El Quinto Regimiento" ("The Fifth Regiment") (trad., arr. Bley)
"Los Cuatro Generales" ("The Four Generals") (trad., arr. Bley)
"Viva la Quince Brigada" ("Long Live the Fifteenth Brigade") (melody trad., words Bart Van Derschelling) – 20:58
- "The Ending to the First Side" (Bley) – 2:07
LP side B:
- "Song for Ché" (Haden) – 9:29
- "War Orphans" (Coleman) – 6:42
- "The Interlude (Drinking Music)" (Bley) – 1:24
- "Circus '68 '69" (Haden) – 6:10
- "We Shall Overcome" (Horton, Hamilton, Carawan, Seeger) 1:19
- Perry Robinson — clarinet
- Gato Barbieri — tenor saxophone, clarinet
- Dewey Redman — alto saxophone, tenor saxophone
- Don Cherry — cornet, flute, Indian wood & bamboo flutes (3,5)
- Michael Mantler — trumpet
- Roswell Rudd — trombone
- Bob Northern — French horn, hand wood blocks, crow call, bells, military whistle
- Howard Johnson — tuba
- Sam Brown — guitar, Tanganyikan guitar, thumb piano (1,3-7)
- Carla Bley — piano, tambourine
- Charlie Haden — bass
- Paul Motian — drums, percussion
- Andrew Cyrille — drums, percussion (8)
- Impulse! AS-9183, IMP 11882
- McDonald, Steven, Allmusic.com review. Accessed 2008 September 24.
- The House That Trane Built: The Story of Impulse Records, page 202
- McDonald, Steven (2011). "Liberation Music Orchestra - Charlie Haden | AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
- Swenson, J. (Editor) (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 91. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
- Bangs, L., Rolling Stone, February 21, 1970 p.52
- Liberation Music Orchestra at discogs.com