Liberal International logo
|Formation||April 1947, constituted with the Oxford Manifesto|
|Purpose||World federation of liberal political parties and organisations|
|Headquarters||National Liberal Club|
|104 (From October 2009)|
|Congress of Liberal International|
Its headquarters is located at 1 Whitehall Place, London, SW1A 2HD within the National Liberal Club. It was founded in Oxford in 1947, and has become the pre-eminent network for liberal parties and for the strengthening of liberalism around the world. The Oxford Manifesto describes the basic political principles of the Liberal International.
The Liberal International Constitution (2005) gives its purposes as
to win general acceptance of Liberal principles which are international in their nature throughout the world, and to foster the growth of a free society based on personal liberty, personal responsibility and social justice, and to provide the means of co-operation and interchange of information between the member organisations, and between men and women of all countries who accept these principles.
The principles that unite member parties from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe are: respect for human rights, free and fair elections and multi-party democracy, social justice, tolerance, market economy, free trade, environmental sustainability and a strong sense of international solidarity.
The aims of Liberal International are also set out in a series of seven manifestos, written between 1946 and 1997 and are furthered by a variety of bodies including a near yearly conference for liberal parties and individuals from around the world.
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The 13th president of Liberal International is Juli Minoves of the Liberal Party of Andorra (PLA), former Andorra's foreign minister and representative to the United Nations. Minoves succeeded to Hans van Baalen, leader of the delegation and spokesperson on Foreign Affairs and Defence for the Dutch People's Party for Freedom and Democracy in the European Parliament.
Former Presidents include Lord John Alderdice, Dutch politician and former European Commissioner Frits Bolkestein, German politician Otto Graf Lambsdorff, and Spain's first democratically elected prime minister after the Franco dictatorship Adolfo Suárez.
Other members of the bureau include Deputy President Helen Zille, and Vice Presidents Cecilia Wikström MEP, Dzhevdet Chakarov MP, Baroness Falkner of Margravine, Kasit Piromya, Markus Löning, and treasurers Robert Woodthorpe Browne MBE and Shih-chung Liu. The secretary general is Emil Kirjas, a former president of the International Federation of Liberal Youth.
Liberal International has two main publications:
- LI-news, a weekly dossier of news items that are relevant to the organisation's member parties or cooperating organisations;
- Liberal Matters, a magazine published several times a year highlighting a particular liberal issue.
The Oxford Manifesto, drawn up in April 1947 at Wadham College in Oxford by representatives from 19 liberal political parties, led by Salvador de Madariaga, is a document describing the basic political principles of the Liberal International.
The Oxford Manifesto was inspired by the ideas of William Beveridge and is regarded as one of the defining political documents of the 20 century.
Fifty years on, in 1997, Liberal International returned to Oxford and issued a supplement to the original manifesto, The Liberal Agenda for the 21st century, describing Liberal policies in greater detail. The second Oxford Manifesto was adopted by the 48th Congress of Liberal International, which was held on 27–30 November 1997 in the Oxford Town Hall.
- Salvador de Madariaga (20 April 1948 – 18 April 1952)
- Roger Motz (18 April 1952 – 20 April 1958)
- Giovanni Malagodi (20 April 1958 – 15 April 1966)
- Edzo Toxopeus (15 April 1966 – 25 April 1970)
- Gaston Thorn (25 April 1970 – 18 April 1982)
- Giovanni Malagodi (18 April 1982 – 26 April 1989)
- Adolfo Suárez (26 April 1989 – 22 April 1992)
- Otto Graf Lambsdorff (22 April 1992 – 25 April 1994)
- David Steel (25 April 1994 – 15 April 1996)
- Frits Bolkestein (15 April 1996 – 18 April 2000)
- Annemie Neyts-Uyttebroeck (18 April 2000 – 25 April 2005)
- John Alderdice (25 April 2005 – 20 April 2009)
- Hans van Baalen (20 April 2009 – 26 April 2014)
- Juli Minoves (26 April 2014 – )
|Andorra||Liberal Party of Andorra||in opposition|
|Belgium||Reform Movement||in government coalition|
|Belgium||Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats||junior party in government coalition|
|Botswana||Botswana Movement for Democracy||in opposition||part of Umbrella for Democratic Change|
|Bulgaria||Movement for Rights and Freedoms||in opposition|
|Bulgaria||National Movement for Stability and Progress||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Burkina Faso||Alliance for Democracy and Federation – African Democratic Rally||in opposition|
|Burundi||Alliance démocratique pour le renouveau||in opposition|
|Cambodia||Cambodia National Rescue Party||in opposition|
|Canada||Liberal Party of Canada||in government|
|Chile||Liberal Party of Chile||in opposition|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||Alliance pour le renouveau au Congo||in opposition|
|Côte d'Ivoire||Rally of the Republicans||in government|
|Croatia||Croatian Social Liberal Party||junior party in government coalition|
|Cuba||Cuban Liberal Union||in exile|
|Cuba||Democratic Solidarity Party||in exile|
|Cuba||National Liberal Party||in exile|
|Denmark||Danish Social Liberal Party||in opposition|
|Denmark||Liberal Party||in government|
|Egypt||Free Egyptians Party||N/A|
|Estonia||Estonian Reform Party||senior party in government coalition|
|Finland||Centre Party||senior party in government coalition|
|Finland||Swedish People's Party||in opposition|
|Georgia||Republican Party of Georgia||junior party in government coalition|
|Germany||German Group of the LI||N/A|
|Germany||Free Democratic Party||extraparliamentary opposition||represented at the State Parliaments of Baden-Württemberg, Berlin, Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westfalia, Rhineland-Palatinate and Schleswig-Holstein|
|Gibraltar||Liberal Party||junior party in government coalition|
|Guatemala||Patriotic Party||in opposition|
|Guinea||Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea||in opposition|
|Guinea||Union of Republican Forces||in opposition|
|Honduras||Liberal Party||in opposition|
|Iceland||Progressive Party||senior party in government coalition|
|Israel||Israeli Liberal Group||N/A|
|Kosovo||Independent Liberal Party||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Lebanon||Future Movement||in government coalition|
|Luxembourg||Democratic Party||senior party in government coalition|
|Macedonia||Liberal Democratic Party||in opposition|
|Madagascar||Movement for the Progress of Madagascar||in opposition|
|Mexico||New Alliance Party||in opposition|
|Mongolia||Civil Will-Green Party||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Morocco||Constitutional Union||in opposition|
|Morocco||Popular Movement||junior party in government coalition|
|Netherlands||Democrats 66||in opposition|
|Netherlands||Dutch Group of LI||N/A|
|Netherlands||People's Party for Freedom and Democracy||senior party in government coalition|
|Nicaragua||Independent Liberal Party||in opposition|
|Norway||Liberal Party||in opposition|
|Paraguay||Authentic Radical Liberal Party||in opposition|
|Philippines||Liberal Party||in opposition|
|Romania||National Liberal Party||in opposition|
|Senegal||Senegalese Democratic Party||in opposition|
|South Africa||Democratic Alliance||in opposition|
|Spain||Democràcia i Llibertat||N/A||liberal foundation linked to Democratic Convergence of Catalonia|
|Sri Lanka||Liberal Party of Sri Lanka||in opposition|
|Sweden||Liberal People's Party||in opposition|
|Sweden||Centre Party||in opposition|
|Taiwan||Democratic Progressive Party||in government|
|Tanzania||Civic United Front||in opposition / in coalition in autonomous region of Zanzibar|
|Thailand||Democrat Party||in opposition|
|United Kingdom||Alliance Party of Northern Ireland||in opposition|
|United Kingdom||Liberal International British Group||N/A|
|United Kingdom||Liberal Democrats||in opposition|
|Argentina||Unión por la Libertad||junior party in government coalition|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Liberal Democratic Party||in opposition|
|Brazil||Brazilian Group of Liberal International||N/A||affiliated to Democratas, Rio Grande do Sul|
|Colombia||Social Party of National Unity||in government|
|Comoros||Alliance Nationale pour les Comores||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||Union pour la reconstruction du Congo||in opposition|
|Republic of the Congo||Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development||in oppositions|
|Croatia||Istrian Democratic Assembly||in opposition|
|Cyprus||United Democrats||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Ethiopia||Ethiopian Democratic Party||in opposition|
|Guatemala||Reform Movement||in opposition|
|Ireland||Fianna Fáil||in opposition|
|Italy||Italian Liberal Group||N/A|
|Kenya||Orange Democratic Movement||in opposition|
|Malaysia||Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia||junior party in government coalition||Part of the Barisan Nasional|
|Malaysia||People's Justice Party||in opposition||Part of the Pakatan Rakyat|
|Mali||Citizens' Party for the Renewal of Mali||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Moldova||Liberal Reformist Party||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Montenegro||Liberal Party of Montenegro||junior party in government coalition|
|Morocco||National Rally of Independents||junior party in government coalition|
|Mozambique||Party for Peace, Democracy, and Development||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Romania||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats||in opposition|
|Serbia||Liberal Democratic Party||in opposition|
|Singapore||Singapore Democratic Party||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Spain||Libertarian Party||extraparliamentary opposition||The party has changed to Libertarian Party from Individual Freedom Party. Acceptance of this change and the party's status within Liberal International are pending confirmation.|
|Switzerland||FDP.The Liberals||junior party in government coalition|
|Ukraine||Ukraine of the Future||in opposition|
- Africa Liberal Network
- Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (ALDE-PACE)
- Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE Party)
- Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats
- Friedrich Naumann Stiftung
- Fondazione Libro Aperto
- Fondazione Luigi Einaudi
- Swedish International Liberal Centre
- Arab Alliance for Freedom and Democracy (AAFD) (until 2011 Network of Arab Liberals, NAL)
- Neue Zürcher Zeitung
- National Democratic Institute, an organization with ties to the Democratic Party (United States), though government-sponsored through the National Endowment for Democracy
- Red Liberal de América Latina
Liberal think tanks and foundations
The International is also in a loose association with the following organisations:
- Centre Jean Gol (Belgium)
- Fondazione Critica Liberale (Italy)
- Teldersstichting (Netherlands)
- The Bertil Ohlin Institute (Sweden)
- CentreForum (UK)
- "Constitution – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- "LI News Subscribe – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- "Oxford Manifesto 1947 – Manifesto – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Archived from the original on 11 February 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- "Oxford Manifesto 1997 – Manifesto – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. 30 November 1997. Archived from the original on 7 February 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- "Full Members". Liberal-International.org. Archived from the original on 25 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-22.
- "Liberal Party of Canada Welcomes Liberal International to 2009 Convention". Liberal Party of Canada. March 6, 2009. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
- (Dutch) VVD is a member of LI
- Archived 9 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Partido de la U - Colombia - Observer Members - Members - Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 2013-12-13.
- "Observer Members". Liberal-international.org. Archived from the original on 5 July 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-22.
- Liberal International official site
- The Liberal Agenda for the 21st century
- Former LI Vice President Bi-khim Hsiao