Le Déluge (Saint-Saëns)
Le Déluge (The Flood), Op. 45, is a French oratorio written by Camille Saint-Saëns in 1875 and scored for orchestra, chorus, and soloists. The libretto, a "poème biblique" by Louis Gallet, is based on the biblical story of Noah and the flood. It was premiered at the Théâtre du Châtelet on March 5, 1876, under the direction of Edouard Colonne.
Stylistically, the work shows the influence of Berlioz and Wagner in its musical illustrations of the narrative and use of recurring motifs. It also displays Saint-Saëns's strong predilection for counterpoint; there are three fugues incorporated into the music.
The work is divided into three parts and a prelude:
- I. Corruption de l'homme — Colère de Dieu — Alliance avec Noé
- II. L'Arche — Le Déluge
- III. La Colombe — Sortie de l'Arche — Bénédiction de Dieu
The prelude is scored for strings only and contains a passage for solo violin. Part I describes the sinfulness of man and God's decision to destroy the world ("J'exterminerai cette race"). Part II is a long crescendo and decrescendo depicting the rain and rising waters of the flood. Part III evokes the flights of the dove and ends with God's promise not to curse the earth ("Je ne maudirai plus la terre") and a choral fugue ("Croissez donc et multipliez").
- Yves Gérard, tr. Roger Greaves (2000). "Le Déluge". In La Lyre et la Harpe – Le Déluge (pp. 30–31) [CD booklet]. Paris: BMG France.
- Arthur Hervey (1922). Saint-Saëns. New York: Dodd Mead & Company.
- Sabina Teller Ratner, et al. "Saint-Saëns, Camille." Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online.
- Donald Brook (1971). Five Great French Composers: Berlioz, Franck, Saint-Saëns, Debussy, Ravel. Ayer Publishing. ISBN 0-8369-8079-4
- Le Déluge (PDF): Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
- Libretto in a supplement to L'Art moderne from 1884