Romanian Police

Romanian Police
Poliția Română
Common name Poliția
Abbreviation PR

Motto Lex et Honor
Law and Honour
Agency overview
Formed 1990
Preceding agency Miliția
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
National agency ROU
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Bucharest
Agency executive Chestor de poliție Bogdan Despescu[1], Secretary of State, General Inspector
Parent agency Ministry of Administration and Interior
Website (English) (Romanian)

The Romanian Police (Romanian: Poliția Română, pronounced [poˈlit͡si.a roˈmɨnə]) is the national police force and main civil law enforcement agency in Romania. It is subordinated to the Ministry of Administration and Interior and it is led by a General Inspector with the rank of Secretary of State.[2]


The Romanian Police are responsible for:


General Inspectorate of Romanian Police is the central unit of police in Romania, which manages, guides, supports and controls the activity of the Romanian police units, investigates and analyses very serious crimes related to organized crime, economic, financial or banking criminality, or to other crimes which make the object of the criminal cases investigated by the Prosecutor’s Office attached to the High Court of Cassation and Justice, and which has any other attributions assigned by law.

Romanian Volkswagen Police Cars

The organizational chart of General Inspectorate of Romanian Police includes general directorates, directorates, services and, offices established by the order of the Minister of Administration and Interior.

The General Inspectorate is under the command of a General Inspector appointed by the Minister of Administration and Interior. Since March 2015, the General Inspector of the Police is appointed by the Prime Minister and also holds the rank of Secretary of State.[3]

Central units

Under the command of the General Inspectorate of the Romanian Police operates a specialized intervention squad, The Independent Service of Special Interventions and Operations.

Uniformed police agents (agenți) from the Public Order Directorate

Territorial units

The Romanian Police is divided into 41 County Police Inspectorates, corresponding to each county (județ), and The Bucharest General Directorate of Police.

Each County Police Inspectorate has a rapid reaction unit (Detașamentul de Poliție pentru Intervenție Rapidă, Police Rapid Intervention Squad). The similar unit attached to the Bucharest Police is called Serviciul de Poliție pentru Intervenție Rapidă (Police Rapid Intervention Service).

Facilities and equipment

The Romanian Police has, altogether, roughly 9,500 intervention vehicles.[4] The fleet is mostly comprised by Dacia Logans and various Volkswagen vehicles. Mercedes Vito is yet another model in use, used by the special forces, border police and others. The Road/Traffic Police also has BMWs, Seat and Lotus vehicles, used for road chasing.[5]

The police also uses helicopters for air surveillance and immediate response.[6] The most common manufacturer is Eurocopter.

A policeman on duty carries a side gun (usually a Pistol Carpați Md. 1974, Makarov PM or Glock semi-automated weapon), a pair of handcuffs, an expandable baton, a radio communication device and identification.


Before 2002, the National Police had military status and a military ranking system (see Romanian Armed Forces ranks and insignia). In June 2002 it became a civilian police force (the first police service in Eastern Europe to do so) and its personnel was structured into two corps:

Rank Shoulder insignia Translated as Military rank equivalent French police rank equivalent British Metropolitan Police rank equivalent
Chestor-general de poliție Police Quaestor-General General Directeur des services actifs Commissioner
Chestor-șef de poliție Police Chief-Quaestor Lieutenant General Inspecteur général Assistant Commissioner
Chestor principal de poliție Police Principal Quaestor Major General Contrôleur général Deputy Assistant Commissioner
Chestor de poliție Police Quaestor Brigadier General Contrôleur général Commander
Comisar-șef de poliție Police Chief-Commissioner Colonel Commissaire divisionnaire Chief Superintendent
Comisar de poliție Police Commissioner Lieutenant Colonel Commissaire de police Superintendent Grade I
Subcomisar de poliție Police Sub-Commissioner Major Commandant Superintendent
Inspector principal de poliție Police Principal Inspector Captain Capitaine Chief Inspector
Inspector de poliție Police Inspector Lieutenant Lieutenant Inspector
Subinspector de poliție Police Sub-Inspector Second Lieutenant Lieutenant intern Temporary/Probationary Inspector
Rank Shoulder insignia Translated as Military rank equivalent French police rank equivalent British police rank equivalent
Agent-șef principal de poliție Police Principal Chief Agent Sergeant Major Brigadier-major Station Sergeant
Agent-șef de poliție Police Chief Agent Master Sergeant Brigadier-chef Station Sergeant
Agent-șef adjunct de poliție Police Deputy Chief Agent Sergeant First Class Brigadier Sergeant
Agent principal de poliție Police Principal Agent Staff Sergeant Gardien de la paix Acting Sergeant
Agent de poliție Police Agent Sergeant Gardien de la paix stagiaire Constable

See also


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