Lex et Honor|
Law and Honour
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Agency executive||Chestor de poliție Bogdan Despescu, Secretary of State, General Inspector|
|Parent agency||Ministry of Administration and Interior|
The Romanian Police (Romanian: Poliția Română, pronounced [poˈlit͡si.a roˈmɨnə]) is the national police force and main civil law enforcement agency in Romania. It is subordinated to the Ministry of Administration and Interior and it is led by a General Inspector with the rank of Secretary of State.
The Romanian Police are responsible for:
- the protection of the fundamental rights and liberties of the citizens and of the private and public property
- the prevention and identification of criminal offences and their perpetrators
- maintaining the public order and safety
General Inspectorate of Romanian Police is the central unit of police in Romania, which manages, guides, supports and controls the activity of the Romanian police units, investigates and analyses very serious crimes related to organized crime, economic, financial or banking criminality, or to other crimes which make the object of the criminal cases investigated by the Prosecutor’s Office attached to the High Court of Cassation and Justice, and which has any other attributions assigned by law.
The organizational chart of General Inspectorate of Romanian Police includes general directorates, directorates, services and, offices established by the order of the Minister of Administration and Interior.
The General Inspectorate is under the command of a General Inspector appointed by the Minister of Administration and Interior. Since March 2015, the General Inspector of the Police is appointed by the Prime Minister and also holds the rank of Secretary of State.
- General Directorate for Countering the Organized Crime - with 5 central directorates (Anti-Drug Directorate, Directorate of Combating Human Trafficking, Cyber Crime Directorate, Directorate of Combating Terrorism Financing and Money Laundering, Special Operations Directorate) and 15 regional Brigades of Countering Organized Criminality. These Brigades are specialized units and have the mission to fight against organized crime, drug trafficking, human trafficking, illegal migration, cyber crime, serious financial frauds, financing terrorism and money laundering.
- General Directorate for Criminal Investigations - with 3 central directorates: Fraud Investigations Directorate, Criminal Investigations Directorate, Directorate of Firearms, Explosives and Toxic Substances.
- General Directorate for Public Safety Police - with 3 central directorates: Public Order Directorate, Traffic Police Directorate, Transport Police Directorate.
- General Directorate for Administrative Police - with 4 central directorates: Forensics Institute, Directorate for Criminal Records, Statistics and Operational Registry, Directorate for Logistics Management, the Directorate for IT&C.
Under the command of the General Inspectorate of the Romanian Police operates a specialized intervention squad, The Independent Service of Special Interventions and Operations.
Each County Police Inspectorate has a rapid reaction unit (Detașamentul de Poliție pentru Intervenție Rapidă, Police Rapid Intervention Squad). The similar unit attached to the Bucharest Police is called Serviciul de Poliție pentru Intervenție Rapidă (Police Rapid Intervention Service).
Facilities and equipment
The Romanian Police has, altogether, roughly 9,500 intervention vehicles. The fleet is mostly comprised by Dacia Logans and various Volkswagen vehicles. Mercedes Vito is yet another model in use, used by the special forces, border police and others. The Road/Traffic Police also has BMWs, Seat and Lotus vehicles, used for road chasing.
The police also uses helicopters for air surveillance and immediate response. The most common manufacturer is Eurocopter.
A policeman on duty carries a side gun (usually a Pistol Carpați Md. 1974, Makarov PM or Glock semi-automated weapon), a pair of handcuffs, an expandable baton, a radio communication device and identification.
Before 2002, the National Police had military status and a military ranking system (see Romanian Armed Forces ranks and insignia). In June 2002 it became a civilian police force (the first police service in Eastern Europe to do so) and its personnel was structured into two corps:
- Corpul ofițerilor de poliție (Police Officers Corps) - corresponding to the commissioned ranks of a military force, to the ranks of Inspector, Superintendent and Commissioner in a British-style police force or to the both Corps de conception et de direction and Corps de commande et d'encadrement in the French National Police (Police Nationale).
|Rank||Shoulder insignia||Translated as||Military rank equivalent||French police rank equivalent||British Metropolitan Police rank equivalent|
|Chestor-general de poliție||Police Quaestor-General||General||Directeur des services actifs||Commissioner|
|Chestor-șef de poliție||Police Chief-Quaestor||Lieutenant General||Inspecteur général||Assistant Commissioner|
|Chestor principal de poliție||Police Principal Quaestor||Major General||Contrôleur général||Deputy Assistant Commissioner|
|Chestor de poliție||Police Quaestor||Brigadier General||Contrôleur général||Commander|
|Comisar-șef de poliție||Police Chief-Commissioner||Colonel||Commissaire divisionnaire||Chief Superintendent|
|Comisar de poliție||Police Commissioner||Lieutenant Colonel||Commissaire de police||Superintendent Grade I|
|Subcomisar de poliție||Police Sub-Commissioner||Major||Commandant||Superintendent|
|Inspector principal de poliție||Police Principal Inspector||Captain||Capitaine||Chief Inspector|
|Inspector de poliție||Police Inspector||Lieutenant||Lieutenant||Inspector|
|Subinspector de poliție||Police Sub-Inspector||Second Lieutenant||Lieutenant intern||Temporary/Probationary Inspector|
- Corpul agenților de poliție (Police Agents Corps) - corresponding to the non-commissioned ranks of a military force, to the Corps de maîtrise et d'application in the French National Police or to the ranks of Constable or Sergeant in a British-style police force.
|Rank||Shoulder insignia||Translated as||Military rank equivalent||French police rank equivalent||British police rank equivalent|
|Agent-șef principal de poliție||Police Principal Chief Agent||Sergeant Major||Brigadier-major||Station Sergeant|
|Agent-șef de poliție||Police Chief Agent||Master Sergeant||Brigadier-chef||Station Sergeant|
|Agent-șef adjunct de poliție||Police Deputy Chief Agent||Sergeant First Class||Brigadier||Sergeant|
|Agent principal de poliție||Police Principal Agent||Staff Sergeant||Gardien de la paix||Acting Sergeant|
|Agent de poliție||Police Agent||Sergeant||Gardien de la paix stagiaire||Constable|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Police of Romania.|
- (English) Official site
- "Chestorul Bogdan Despescu, inspectorul şef al IPJ Constanţa, noul şef al Poliţiei Române" (in Romanian). Ziua de Constanța. 2015-12-10. Retrieved 2015-12-11.
- http://polis.osce.org/countries/details?item_id=40 OSCE entry on Romanian police
- "Iohannis promulgă legea prin care şeful Poliţiei are rang de secretar de stat şi e numit de premier" (in Romanian). 11 March 2015. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- Deficit of over 7,000 police officers
- Romanian Police received a premium vehicle reaching 100 kmh in 5 seconds
- Police supervises traffic from helicopters