Lahore High Court

Lahore High Court
عدالت عالیہ لاہور

High Court Building
Established 1919
Country  Pakistan
Location Shahra-e-Quaid-e-Azam, Lahore - Pakistan Lahore
Composition method Presidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of Pakistan and Governor of Punjab.
Authorized by Constitution of Pakistan
Decisions are appealed to Supreme Court of Pakistan
Judge term length Till 62 years of age
Number of positions 60
Chief Justice
Currently Hon'ble Chief Justice Mr.Syed Mansoor Ali Shah
Since 06 November 2015
Lead position ends 04 August 2022

The Lahore High Court is based in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. It was established as a high court on 21 March 1919.[1] The Lahore High Court has jurisdiction over Punjab. The High Court's principal seat is in Lahore, but there are benches in three other Pakistani cities: Rawalpindi, Multan and Bahawalpur. A proposal was sent by lawyers to set up new high court benches in Faisalabad, Sialkot, D.G.Khan and Gujranwala divisions but full court of Lahore High Court turned down this request.



Lahore High Court in the 1880s

For the first time in 1849, a Board of Administration was constituted and Punjab was divided into Divisions, Divisions into Districts and Districts into Tehsils. The Divisions were under the charge of Commissioners, Districts were controlled by Deputy Commissioners and Tehsils were supervised by Assistant and Extra Assistant Commissioners. By 1864, the necessity of expanding judicial machinery was keenly felt. A bill for the formation of the Chief Court of the Punjab was introduced on 16 February 1866 and the Chief Court Act-IV of 1866 was promulgated by the Governor General. On 17.02.1866, two Judges were appointed and in the same year, a Civil Procedure Code was made applicable to the courts. In 1884, the following classes of courts, subordinate to the Chief Court were constituted:-

In 1919, by King-Emperor George V the letters patent also appointed a Chief Justice and six puisne justices, and declared the Court's jurisdiction over the Punjab and Delhi provinces. the Chief Court was elevated to the status of a High Court by Letters Patent and in pursuance of a notification dated 1 April 1919. The Government of India Act, 1935 made certain radical changes in the Constitution and powers of the various High Courts in the British India. The new Act provided that Judges would hold office during good behavior whereas, previously they held office during his Majesty’s pleasure. Instead of the ceiling of twenty Judges fixed by the previous Act, the new Act left it to his Majesty to fix the number of Judges separately for each High Court depending upon their requirements. All acting appointments of Judges were left in the hands of the Governor-General and powers of the Local Governments were withdrawn. Under the old system, the Chief Justice had always been a Barrister Judge, however, the new Act removed this barrier and opened the Chief Justice-ship to Civilian Judges as well. The old Act fixed a definite proportion of Civilian and Barrister Judges in the composition of the High Court which was removed by the new Act. The new Act also fixed the 60 years age limit for the High Court Judges which did not exist in the old Act but which was otherwise enforced by the terms of the Judges’ appointment. By virtue of the Government of India (High Court Judges) Order, 1937, maximum number of Judges for the several High Courts in India was fixed. In each case the number so stated was exclusive of the Chief Justice but included all additional judges. The maximum number of Judges fixed for the Lahore High Court was 15. The said Order also prescribed the scale of pay and rights as to leave, pension and gratuity etc. of the Judges serving in the different High Courts in India including the Lahore High Court.

Independence of Pakistan

On 14 August 1947, the independence of two new independent countries of India and Pakistan also split the territory within the jurisdiction of the Lahore High Court. The High Court (Punjab) Order, 1947 created a new High Court for East Punjab (in India), leaving the court at Lahore responsible for the part of its original jurisdiction that now formed part of Pakistan. The Order left the powers afforded to the Court unchanged, but gave transferred the power of judicial appointment to the Governor-General of Pakistan instead of the Crown as beforehand. On 28 September 1948, the Governor General Khawaja Nazimuddin set the number of permanent judges at six, with one additional judge.

Establishment of West Pakistan

On 30 September 1955, the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan established the province of West Pakistan, and gave the Governor-General the power to establish a High Court for West Pakistan to replace the Lahore High Court; the West Pakistan High Court was accordingly established in 1956. Judges from the Chief Court of Sind and the Judicial Commissioners Court at Peshawar became judges at the West Pakistan High Court.

Creation Of Divisional Benches

On 1 January 1981, it was ordered that the Lahore High Court would create benches at Bahawalpur, Multan and Rawalpindi. The order also specified that the Lahore High Court judges could hold circuit courts anywhere in the province, with judges nominated by the Lahore High Court Chief Justice.

PCO 25 March 1981

The PCO of 1981 also afforded the Lahore High Court these three benches. The judges were required to take oath under the Provisional Constitutional Order. Four judges refused to do so and were relieved of office. Four other judges were not administered the oath, and were also relieved of office.[2]

PCO 26 January 2000

PCO 3 November 2007

See also


  1. N. R. Madhava Menon, ed. (2002). Criminal Justice India Series: Punjab, 2002. Allied Publishers. p. 234. ISBN 978-81-7764-490-6.
  2. "History of the High Court". Lahore High Court. Retrieved May 2013. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 12/1/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.