For the KrAZ aluminium smelting company in Russia, see RUSAL. For the U.S. radio station, see KRAZ.
Kremenchuk Automobile Plant
KrAZ or AvtoKrAZ
Native name
Kremenchutskyi Automobilnyi Zavod
privately held company
Industry automobile manufacturing
Founded 1946
Headquarters Kremenchuk, Ukraine
Area served
Products trucks
Owner Finance and Credit
Parent KrAZ Holding Company

KRAZ trucks Moscow, Russia at MIMS 2006. Vehicles are KrAZ-65032 dump truck (red truck) and KrAZ-6140TE semi-trailer truck.

KrAZ (Ukrainian: Кременчуцький автомобільний завод, Kremenchutskyi Avtomobilnyi Zavod, Kremenchuk Automobile Plant) (АвтоКрА́З or AvtoKrAZ) is a Ukrainian factory that produces trucks and other special-purpose vehicles in Kremenchuk, Ukraine; particularly heavy-duty off-road models.[1] The factory was incorporated as a holding company combining several other factories nationwide and becoming the industrial wing of the finance-industrial group "Finance and Credit" that also holds the Bank Finance and Credit.


Kraz was founded on 31 August 1945 when the People's Commissariat for Transportation Routes issued a warrant to build a mechanical bridge plant in Kremenchuk. The first brick was laid in the plant foundation in 1946 and during the next 8 years it produced about 600 bridges with the total length of about 27 km for use on the Dnipro, Moscow, Dnister, Volga and Daugava rivers etc. In 1956 the plant has manufactured combine harvesters and other farming machines. The Kremenchuk Combine Plant has produced 11,000 agricultural machines in the first two years of its existence.

On April 17, 1958 the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union decided to build a plant for heavy-duty vehicle production in Kremenchuk. Heavy-duty truck manufacture was transferred from the Yaroslavl Motor Plant (YaAZ). The first two KrAZ-222 dump trucks were assembled from imported units and components on 10 April 1959, and by 1961 the plant exported over 500 vehicles in 26 countries of the world such as Argentina, Afghanistan, Bulgaria, China, India, Vietnam etc. KrAZ was awarded the Order of Lenin in January 1971 for completion of the five-year plan ahead of schedule and successful developments of new truck models. On January 15, 1976 the plant became "AvtoKrAZ".

External image
KrAZ-5233 "Spetsnaz"
Image of the vehicle

By 1986 the company's yearly production output totalled 30655 vehicles. The Kremenchuk Automobile Plant was registered as an Open Joint Stock Company in 1996. The holding company "AvtoKrAZ" was registered in 1999. 2002 witnessed the start of privatization with the "AvtoKrAZ" block of stock being purchased by a joint Ukrainian-German enterprise "Mega-Motors". In 2003 AvtoKrAZ opened vehicle assembly plants in Russia and Vietnam. In 2004 "AvtoKrAZ' was awarded an order for 2200 KrAZ vehicles to be delivered to Iraq. AvtoKrAZ received an ISO 9001:2000 for quality control.

In January 2006 the 800,000th truck was assembled at the KrAZ main assembly plant. In October of the same year HC "AvtoKrAZ" won the first prize among 100 Ukrainian companies with the best rate of development according to the net profit growth pursuant to the results of rating "Top 100 Most dynamic companies"

On August 23, 2011 the KrAZ-5233 "Spetsnaz" has entered into service with Ukrainian army.[2]

KrAZ-6322RA Bastion-01

After the Financial crisis of 2007–08 orders for vehicles declined drastically as Ukraine was severely effected by the event, the factory worked at minimal capacity. However,during the 2014 Russian invasion of Ukraine the government of Ukraine placed large orders for new military vehicles. The Border Guards, National Guard, and Army of Ukraine have all been scheduled to receive new KrAZ armored trucks. Moreover KrAZ partnered with the Canadian defense firm Streit Group to produce the Cougar and Spartan armored vehicles. A total of 21 Spartans were ordered with the Ministry of Defense having an option for an additional 40, 20 Cougars were also ordered.[3]

Several Streit Group Spartan APC's were seen at the Kyiv independence day parade indicating that the order was at least partially complete.[4]

In November 2014 Ukrainian government placed an order for 1200 vehicles and 200 armored personnel carrier to the factory. The contract was worth 1 billion UAH ($64,267,360.00).[5]


Main article: List of KrAZ vehicles

Civil Vehicles

A Kraz 255B, Finnish Defence Forces, used also as a vehicle for the PMP Floating Bridges.


These are designed to be fitted with various body equipment for paved and dirt road use.


Military Vehicles

Special-purpose Vehicles

Armored vehicles


No years of release Features Photo
1 1959—1967
2 1965—1994
3 1968—1993
4 since 1992
5 since 2011


Media related to KrAZ vehicles at Wikimedia Commons

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