Kovrov (English)
Ковров (Russian)
-  City[1]  -

The city duma building

Location of Vladimir Oblast in Russia
Location of Kovrov in Vladimir Oblast
Coordinates: 56°22′N 41°20′E / 56.367°N 41.333°E / 56.367; 41.333Coordinates: 56°22′N 41°20′E / 56.367°N 41.333°E / 56.367; 41.333
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of April 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Vladimir Oblast[2]
Administratively subordinated to City of Kovrov[2]
Administrative center of Kovrovsky District,[3] City of Kovrov[2]
Municipal status (as of August 2009)
Urban okrug Kovrov Urban Okrug[4]
Administrative center of Kovrov Urban Okrug,[4] Kovrovsky Municipal District[5]
Representative body Council of People's Deputies[6]
Area 57.4 km2 (22.2 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census) 145,214 inhabitants[7]
- Rank in 2010 118th
Density 2,530/km2 (6,600/sq mi)[8]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[9]
First mentioned 1157
City status since 1778
Postal code(s)[10] 601900
Dialing code(s) +7 49232
Official website
Kovrov on Wikimedia Commons

Kovrov (Russian: Ковро́в) is a city in Vladimir Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Klyazma River (a tributary of the Oka). Kovrov's population as of the 2010 Census was 145,214;[7] down from 155,499 recorded in the 2002 Census,[11] and further down from 159,942 recorded in the 1989 Census).[12] In terms of population, it is the second-largest city in Vladimir Oblast (after Vladimir). In 1977, Kovrov's population had been estimated at 140,000.[13]


Overshadowed by the neighboring Starodub-on-the-Klyazma since the 12th century, Kovrov was eventually granted town status in 1778. On July 13, 1978, the city's 200th anniversary, Kovrov was decorated with the Order of the Red Banner of Labor.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Kovrov serves as the administrative center of Kovrovsky District,[3] even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the City of Kovrov—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[2] As a municipal division, the City of Kovrov is incorporated as Kovrov Urban Okrug.[4]


Kovrov is a major center of Russia's defense industry, specializing in mechanical engineering, metal processing, textile and light industry, and building industry. Kovrov is home to Degtyaryov plant, Kovrov Mechanical Factory, Kovrov Electromechanical Factory, and CB Armatura.


Located on the MoscowNizhny Novgorod rail line—one of Russia's oldest railroads and one of the alternative routes of the Trans-Siberian Railway—Kovrov is also connected to Murom (which is served by the Moscow–Kazan rail line) by the Murom Railway.

International relations

Twin towns and sister cities

Kovrov is twinned with:



  1. 1 2 Resolution #433
  2. 1 2 3 4 Law #130-OZ
  3. 1 2 Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 17 235», в ред. изменения №259/2014 от 12 декабря 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 17 235, as amended by the Amendment #259/2014 of December 12, 2014. ).
  4. 1 2 3 Law #143-OZ
  5. Law #52-OZ
  6. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  7. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  8. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  9. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  10. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  11. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  12. Encyclopædia Britannica, 1982 Edition, Vol. V, p. 906


External links

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