Location of Korkuteli within Turkey.
Location of Korkuteli within Turkey.
|Coordinates: 37°04′N 30°12′E / 37.067°N 30.200°ECoordinates: 37°04′N 30°12′E / 37.067°N 30.200°E|
|• Mayor||Hasan Gökçe (MHP)|
|• District||2,535.59 km2 (979.00 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,020 m (3,350 ft)|
|• District density||20/km2 (52/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||(0090)+ 242+|
Korkuteli is an area of small plains and hills in the Bey Dağları, the western range of the Taurus Mountains, overlooking the Mediterranean sea. There are two distinct geographical areas of Korkuteli, of equal size: the lowland area nearer the coast has a hot Mediterranean climate, while the larger area of lakes higher up is cooler and less humid. The high country is covered with pine forest, while the lowland is used for agriculture; crops include grains, pulses and vegetable oil-seeds. There are trout in Korkuteli reservoir and other small lakes.
Until recently economic activity in this district was basically herding sheep and goats on the hillsides, but since the 1960s investment in irrigation and machinery has generated a thriving fruit-growing industry, including many roadside stalls selling fruit to travellers en route to the Mediterranean coast. This is turn has led to better buildings and infrastructure in the town of Korkuteli and the villages in the district. There is no industry or large-scale trading. Korkuteli is a small town of 15,000 people providing high schools and other basic infrastructure to the district.
The countryside is attractive and Antalya's middle-classes are building holiday homes in Korkuteli, a place to escape the summer heat on the coast. The local delicacy is 'burnt ice-cream', made of goats-milk.
The area was taken from the Byzantines by the Seljuk Turks of Gıyaseddin Keyhüsrev I in 1207, and was used as a summer residence by the local Seljuk rulers. Seljuk architecture in Korkuteli includes the mosque of Sultan Alaadin and some Turkish baths and tombs.
Upon the decline of the Seljuks in the early 14th century the area became a stronghold of the Beylik of Teke and then of the Hamidid clan of nearby Isparta. Bayezid I brought the district into the Ottoman Empire in 1392.
Nearby was the ancient town of Isinda, whose site is now thought to be at the village of Kişla, though formerly identified with Yazır. In the 1840s, T.A.B. Spratt and E. Forbes visited Kişla, an hour's ride from Korkuteli (referred to as Stenez), with extensive walls of soft stone and burnt brick, and identified it as the city of Isinda, which the Roman consul Gnaeus Manlius Vulso, on his victorious march through Asia Minor in 189 BC, found besieged by Termessus. At the city's request he raised the siege and fined the Termessians 50 talents.
Isinda stood in a strategic position at the western end of the pass leading from Pamphylia by Termessus to Pisidia. Together with Aperlae, Apollonia and Simena, Isinda was a member of a tetrapolis, a federation of four cities.
Samples of the extensive coinage of Isinda are extant, which give evidence that it considered itself an Ionian colony.
Isinda was later included in the Roman province of Pamphylia Secunda. At an early stage, it became a Christian bishopric, a suffragan of the metropolitan see of Perge, the capital of the province. Of its bishops, Cyrillus took part in the First Council of Nicaea in 325, Edesius in the Council of Ephesus in 431, Marcellinus in the Council of Chalcedon in 451, Talleleus in the Second Council of Constantinople in 553, Ignatius in the Photian Council of Constantinople (879).
The district has a population of 50430 according to the 2010 census. The town itself has 20.508 inhabitants. Korkuteli has 6 municipalities (Bozova, Büyükköy, Çomaklı, Küçükköy, Yelten and Yeşilyayla) and 47 villages.
The population of inhabited places are shown in the table (Municipalities are shown in bold)
- "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- G.E. Bean, "Isinda (Kişla) Turkey" in The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (Princeton University Press 1976)
- T.A.B. Spratt and E. Forbes, Travels in Lycia, Milyas, and the Cibyratis (van Voorst, 1847), pp. 246–247
- Mittheilungen des Deutschen Archaeologischen Institutes in Athen (1885), reprinted by London: Forgotten Books, 2013, p. 339–340
- Louis Robert, "Documents d'Asie Mineure" in Bulletin de correspondance hellénique, Year 1983, Volume 107, Issue 107-1, p. 500
- Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, Vol. I, coll. 1033-1034
- Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 451
- Siméon Vailhé, v. Isionda, Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. VIII, New York 1910
- Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 910
- Statistical Institute