Korea Correctional Service
The Korea Correctional Service (Korean: 교정본부; 矯正本部) is the corrections agency/prison service of South Korea. An agency of the Ministry of Justice, it is headquartered in Building #1 of the Government Complex-Gwacheon in Gwacheon, Gyeonggi-do in the Seoul metropolitan area.
As of 2007, there were 2,431 women incarcerated in the South Korean prison system, making up 5.3% of all of the prison inmates; Bitna Kim, Jurg Gerber, and Yeonghee Kim of Sam Houston State University wrote that therefore "these incarcerated women have not been a matter of much popular or scholarly concern and interest in South Korea."
The females are held in 10 detention centers, one long-term prison for women, one juvenile correctional center, for correctional center branches, and a vocational training correctional center as of 2007.
As of 2005 prisoners who are members of the U.S. military (U.S. military members convicted of serious crimes by local South Korean courts) are generally held at Cheonan Juvenile Correctional Institution. As per an agreement between the U.S. and South Korea they are held one to a cell, separated from South Korean prisoners, given Western cuisine supplied by U.S. Forces Korea, and are not required to perform hard labor that is mandatory for South Korean prisoners.
There are 11 pre-trial detention centers and 37 correctional centers; the latter includes one women's prison, one juvenile institution, one private prison, two centers for vocational training, and one open prison.
Pre-trial detention centers:
- Chungju Detention Center
- Daegu Detention Center - A high-rise building
- Incheon Detention Center - A high-rise building
- Seoul Detention Center - Opened in July 1967, it was the first pretrial detention center in South Korea
- Suwon Detention Center - A high-rise building
- Ulsan Detention Center - A high-rise building
- Cheongju Women's Correctional Institution (청주여자교도소) - The only long-term prison for women in South Korea
- Daegu Correctional Institution
- Hwaseon Correctional Institution
- Pohang Correctional Institution
- Somang Correctional Institution - Private prison
- Yeoju Correctional Institution
- Kimcheon Juvenile Correctional Institution
- Home page (Archive). Korea Correctional Service. Retrieved on December 23, 2015. "Building #1, Government Complex-Gwacheon, 47, Gwanmun-ro, Gwacheon-si, Gyeonggi-do, 427-700 Republic of Korea." - Korean address: "[427-700] 경기도 과천시 관문로 47 정부과천청사 5동 법무부 교정본부"
- Kim, Bitna, Jurg Gerber, and Yeonghee Kim (all Sam Houston State University). "Characteristics of Incarcerated Women in South Korea Who Killed Their Spouses: A Feminist and Age-Graded Theory of Informal Social Control Analysis" (Archive). The Southwest Journal of Criminal Justice. Volume 4, No. 1, 2007, p. 39-57. Cited: p. 39.
- Robson, Seth. "For U.S. inmates in S. Korean prison, time feels like it's standing still" (Archive). Stars and Stripes. March 13, 2005. Retrieved on February 28, 2016.
- "Organization of local Correctional Institutions." Korea Correctional Service. Retrieved on February 28, 2016.
- "Vocational Training." Korea Correctional Service. Retrieved on February 28, 2016.
- Kim, Y-H., Park, K-B., & Lee, J-H. (2004). "The characteristics of female criminals, reasons of crime and possibilities of rehabilitation: Practical implications of therapeutic jurisprudence from in-depth interview research. Seoul: Ministry of Justice.
- Discusses women incarcerated in South Korean prisons