The cave is situated in a limestone ridge approximately 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) from the coastline. It was occupied approximately 10,000 years for a period of approximately 1,500 years leaving up to 2 metres (7 ft) of sediments behind rich in artefacts and ecofacts.
Finger markings made by Indigenous Australians can be found on the walls of the cave.
- David Frankel (1989). "Koongine Cave excavations 1986-7: Investigating spatial patterning". Australian Archeology. Australian Archaeological Association. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- Robert G. Bednarik (1989). "Perspectives of Koongine Cave and Scientistic Archeology". University of Queensland. Retrieved 18 October 2014.