Notes available on a koncovka made in the key of G. Notes played with the end closed are marked with "●", and notes played with the end open are marked with "○".[1]
Nature look koncovka.

Koncovka is a Slovak duct-blown[2] overtone fipple flute without finger holes,[3] traditionally played by shepherds.[4] The koncovka flute is played by closing and opening the bottom hole of the flute.[3] By increasing the air speed, two different harmonic series of notes can be played with the end either open or closed.[5] Traditional koncovka melodies use the partial Lydian scale available on this instrument.[5]

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Koncovka.


  1. "FAQ about: Koncovka (overtone flute)". Folkart Slovakia.
  2. Maclagan, Susan (2009). "Overtone Flute". A Dictionary for the Modern Flutist. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 124. ISBN 978-0-8108-6711-6. OCLC 270231309.
  3. 1 2 Nidel, Richard (2005). World music: the basics. London: Routledge. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-415-96800-3. OCLC 56355805.
  4. Lisa Dunford; Brett Atkinson; Neil Wilson, eds. (2007). Czech & Slovak Republics. Footscray, Victoria: Lonely Planet. p. 51. ISBN 978-1-74104-300-6. OCLC 81453411.
  5. 1 2 Garnett, Rod (2004). Flutes of Slovakia: fujara, koncovka, šesťdierková píšťalka and dvojačka. Laramie, Wyoming: University of Wyoming. pp. 10–11. OCLC 55993856.

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