For other uses of "Kolomna", see Kolomna (disambiguation).
Kolomna (English)
Коломна (Russian)
-  City[1]  -

Historic center of Kolomna

Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
Location of Kolomna in Moscow Oblast
Coordinates: 55°05′N 38°47′E / 55.083°N 38.783°E / 55.083; 38.783Coordinates: 55°05′N 38°47′E / 55.083°N 38.783°E / 55.083; 38.783
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of January 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Kolomna City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Kolomensky District,[1] Kolomna City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of May 2010)
Urban okrug Kolomna Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Kolomna Urban Okrug,[3] Kolomensky Municipal District[2]
Head Valery Shuvalov
Representative body Council of Deputies
Area (urban okrug) (May 2010) 67.12 km2 (25.92 sq mi)[2]
Population (2010 Census) 144,589 inhabitants[4]
- Rank in 2010 119th
Density 2,154/km2 (5,580/sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
Founded 1177
Postal code(s)[7] 140400
Dialing code(s) +7 496
Official website
Kolomna on Wikimedia Commons
Kolomna Kremlin

Kolomna (Russian: Колóмна; IPA: [kɐˈlomnə]) is an ancient city of Moscow Oblast, Russia, situated at the confluence of the Moskva and Oka Rivers, 114 kilometers (71 mi) (by rail) southeast of Moscow. Population: 144,589(2010 Census);[4] 150,129(2002 Census);[8] 161,881(1989 Census).[9]


Mentioned for the first time in 1177, Kolomna was founded in 1140–1160 according to the latest archaeological surveys.[10] Kolomna's name may originate from the Old Russian term for "on the bend (in the river)", especially as the old city is located on a sharp bend in the Moscow River. In 1301, Kolomna was incorporated into the Moscow Principality.[11]

Like some other ancient Russian cities, it has a kremlin, which is a citadel similar to the more famous one in Moscow and also built of red brick.[12] The stone Kolomna Kremlin was built from 1525–1531 under the Russian Tsar Vasily III. The Kolomna citadel was a part of the Great Abatis Border[13] and, although much of the surrounding wall was removed in the eighteenth century and materials used to construct other public buildings, the remaining stretch of wall, several towers, and some interior buildings have been preserved and held in a good shape. A museum is located inside. In front of the façade stands a statue of Dmitry Donskoy, celebrating the gathering of his troops in Kolomna prior to the Battle of Kulikovo in 1380.

The civic arms of Kolomna were granted by Empress Catherine II, who was influenced by the similar-sounding name of the famous Colonna family of Rome. Hence, the similar appearance of the arms, despite there being no connection between the Roman family and the city of Kolomna.

Due to sensitive military production of missile components, Kolomna was a closed city until 1994. It is still not listed as a city of the Golden Ring, despite its kremlin and the large number of well-preserved churches and monasteries.

Old Town of Kolomna

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Kolomna serves as the administrative center of Kolomensky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as Kolomna City Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Kolomna City Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Kolomna Urban Okrug.[2]


Tram line in the centre of Kolomna


Kolomna is located on the Ryazan line of the Moscow railroad, 116 kilometers (72 mi) from Moscow. In Kolomna, there are five railway stations (Kolomna, Shchurovo, Bochmanovo, 6 km, and Sychevo) and one terminal (Golutvin).

Public transportation

Two bus terminals are located in the city. Public transport in the city is represented by tram and city bus lines.


Kolomna is situated on three rivers, and has passenger and transport berths. Most known one is the Bochmanovo (Russian: Бочманово) berth.


The Kolomna Speed Skating Center is an indoor ice speed skating oval used for Russian and international championships. It hosted the 2008 European Allround Speed Skating Championships and the 2016 World Single Distance Speed Skating Championships. The Kolomna Speed Skating Center is considered as one of the most modern ice speed skating ovals in the world.


Historical populations of Kolomna (figures in thousands)
Year 1897 1926 1939 1959 1962 1967 1970 1973 1976 1979
Рopulation 20.9 35 85 118 125 131 136 140 145 146.5
Year 1982 1986 1989 1992 1996 1998 2000 2001 2003 2006
Рopulation 151 158 162 163.7 153.6 152.1 150.7 149.6 150.1 148.0

Notable people


International relations

Twin towns and sister cities

Kolomna is twinned with:



  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Law #11/2013-OZ
  2. 1 2 3 4 Law #153/2004-OZ
  3. Law #43/2005-OZ
  4. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  5. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  9. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  10. (Russian) Мазуров А. Б. Средневековая Коломна в XIV — первой трети XVI вв. / Под ред. В. Л. Янина. М.: Александрия, 2001. С. 58
  11. Nossov K. S. Medieval Russian Fortresses AD 862-1480. Osprey Publishing. 2012. P. 8
  12. Brumfield W. C. Landmarks of Russian Architecture: A Photographic Survey. Routledge. Pp. 94-95
  13. Several towers and two parts of walls


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