On February 12, 1933, a 21-year-old female student, Kiyoko Matsumoto (松本 貴代子 Matsumoto Kiyoko), committed suicide by jumping into the crater of Mount Mihara, an active volcano on the island of Izu Ōshima, Japan. This act started a trend in Japan and over the course of the year, 944 people (804 men, 140 women) leapt into the volcano.
References in popular culture
American musician Beck references Matsumoto's death in the lyrics to the song "Volcano" from his 2008 album Modern Guilt: "And I heard of that Japanese girl who jumped into The Volcano. Was she trying to make it back, back into the womb of the world?"
- (Japanese) 癒しの杜の会 Archived January 6, 2005, at the Wayback Machine.
- (Japanese) 2005年７月〜９月｜日録メモ風の更新情報｜MAMO's Archived October 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.