Kisan Kanya

Kisan Kanya
Directed by Moti B. Gidwani
Produced by Ardeshir Irani
Written by Saadat Hasan Manto
Starring Padmadevi
Ghulam Mohammed
Syed Ahmed
Release dates
  • 1937 (1937)
Running time
137 min
Country India
Language Hindi

Kisan Kanya was a 1937 Hindi Cinecolor feature film which was directed by Moti B. Gidwani and produced by Ardeshir Irani of Imperial Pictures. It is largely remembered by the Indian public on account of it being India's first indigenously made colour film.[1][2][3][4]


Film pioneer Ardeshir Irani, who had produced notable films as Nala Damayanti (1920) which was India's first international co-production[5] (with Italy) and India's first talkie Alam Ara (1931) conceived the idea of producing a color film. The result of his efforts was the color film Kisan Kanya made with the Cinecolor process[6] whose process rights Irani had obtained from an American company.[6]

V. Shantaram had earlier produced a Marathi film Sairandhri (1933) which had scenes in color.[7][8] However, the film was processed and printed in Germany[7] Kisan Kanya was, therefore, India's first indigenously made color film.[7]


Kisan Kanya was based on a novel by Saadat Hasan Manto[6] and focussed on the plight of poor farmers.[6] The story revolved on the life of a poor peasant Ram (Nisar) who was being ill-treated by his landlord Ghani.[9] Eventually, Ghani is murdered and Ram becomes the prime suspect in the eyes of the public.[9] The film performed moderately at the box-office.[6]




  1. "First Color Film Made in India". Retrieved 2008-04-29.
  2. "Know more about Hindi cinema". Retrieved 2008-04-29.
  3. Ganti, Tejaswini (2004). Bollywood: A Guidebook to Popular Hindi Cinema. Routledge. p. 208. ISBN 0415288533.
  4. "The Early Films (1930s-1960s)". Retrieved 2008-04-29.
  5. Subir Ghosh. "The firsts in Indian cinema". Retrieved 2008-04-29.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 Encyclopædia Britannica; Gulzar, Govind Nihalani, Saibal Chatterjee (2003). Encyclopedia of Hindi cinema. Encyclopædia Britannica (India) Pvt Ltd. p. 52. ISBN 8179910660. Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (help)
  7. 1 2 3 "First in India". Retrieved 2008-04-29.
  8. "A navrang of Shantaram's films". Retrieved 2008-04-29.
  9. 1 2 "Plot summary from the IMDB entry for Kisan Kanya". IMDB. Retrieved 2008-04-29.

External links

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