|Nickname(s): The Little City That Could|
Location of Kirkland within King County, Washington, and King County within Washington.
|Coordinates: 47°41′9″N 122°11′30″W / 47.68583°N 122.19167°WCoordinates: 47°41′9″N 122°11′30″W / 47.68583°N 122.19167°W|
|• Mayor||Amy Walen|
|• Total||17.83 sq mi (46.18 km2)|
|• Land||17.818 sq mi (46.15 km2)|
|• Water||0.012 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||14–500 ft (4–152 m)|
|• Estimate (2015)||87,281|
|• Rank||US: 371st|
|• Density||4,521.5/sq mi (1,745.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Pacific (UTC-7)|
|ZIP codes||98033, 98034, 98083|
|GNIS feature ID||1512352|
Kirkland is a city in King County, Washington, United States. The population was 87,281 at the 2015 census estimate, which made it the 6th largest city in King County and the 12th largest city in the state.
The city's downtown waterfront has restaurants, art galleries, a performing arts center, public parks, beaches, and a collection of public art, primarily bronze sculptures.
Kirkland is the former home of the Seattle Seahawks; the NFL team's headquarters and training facility were located at Northwest University prior to 2008. Warehouse chain Costco previously had its headquarters in Kirkland (now in Issaquah); the city is the namesake of its "Kirkland Signature" store brand. Google has a development office in Kirkland.
The 1982 Kirkland National Little League team won the Little League World Series. That event is the subject of the ESPN 30 for 30 documentary Little Big Men. It also was the home to Little League's 1992 Big League Softball World Series Champions representing the Eastside District Nine Leagues. Since 1999 Kirkland has been the home of the Little League Junior Softball World Series held each August at Kirkland's Everest Park.
The land around Lake Washington to the east of Seattle was first settled by Native Americans. English settlers arrived in the late 1860s, when the McGregor and Popham families built homesteads in what is now the Houghton neighborhood. Four miles (6 km) to the north people also settled near what is now called Juanita Bay, a favored campsite of the Natives because a wild potato, "wapatos", thrived there. The Curtis family arrived in the area in the 1870s, followed by the French family in 1872. The Forbes family homesteaded what is now Juanita Beach Park in 1876, and settled on Rose Hill in 1877. Gradually, additional people settled in the area, and by the end of the 1880s, a small number of logging, farming and boat-building communities were established.
In 1886, Peter Kirk, a British-born enterprising businessman seeking to expand the family’s Moss Bay steel production company, moved to Washington after hearing that iron deposits had been discovered in the Cascade mountain range. Other necessary components such as limestone, needed in steel smelting, were readily available in the area. Further yet, a small number of coalmines (a required fuel source for steel mills) had recently been established nearby in Newcastle and train lines were already under construction. Plans were also underway to build the Lake Washington Ship Canal.
Kirk realized that if a town were built near the water it would be a virtual freshwater port to the sea, as well as help support any prospective mill. At the time, however, Kirk was not a U.S. citizen and could not purchase any land. Leigh S.J. Hunt, then owner of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, offered to partner with Kirk and buy the necessary real estate.
Under their new venture, the Kirkland Land and Development Company, Kirk and Hunt purchased thousands of acres of land in what is now Kirkland’s downtown in July 1888. Kirk and his associates started the construction of a new steel mill soon after, named Moss Bay Iron and Steel Company of America. After founding the city of Kirkland in 1888, officially one of the earliest on the Eastside at the time, Kirk’s vision of a "Pittsburgh of the West" was beginning to take form. Construction soon commenced on several substantial brick homes and business blocks that would house and serve the steel mill employees.
However, the Seattle, Lake Shore and Eastern Railway, which had recently been purchased by Tacoma-based Northern Pacific, had now refused to construct a rail line to the lake. This would, after all, have a negative impact on Tacoma, which was furiously competing with Seattle as the dominant Puget Sound seaport. The ensuing financial issues and numerous obstacles took a toll on Kirk, who was running out of investors. Hunt was also in debt from the purchase of land.
Nevertheless, the plans continued and the steel mill was eventually completed in late 1892 on Rose Hill (a full two miles (3 km) from the lake's shore). Financial issues arose and due to the Panic of 1893 the mill subsequently closed without ever producing any steel. In spite of everything, Kirk was determined not to give up on his namesake town, and Kirkland was finally incorporated in 1905 with a population of approximately 532. A final attempt at a steel mill in Kirkland was planned by James A. Moore in 1906. His company, the Northwestern Iron & Steel Company paid $250,000 in cash for a 1,500-acre (6.1 km2) site but the mill never materialized. This came at the heels of the Pacific Steel Company, incorporated earlier in 1906 by J.F. Duthie, William Calvert and L.S. Cragin. This company soon amounted to nothing.
In 1900 the Curtis family made a living operating a ferry-construction business on Lake Washington. Along with Captain John Anderson, the Curtises were among the first to run ferries in the area. Leschi, first operated on December 27, 1913, was the original wooden ferry to transport automobiles and people between the Eastside and Madison Park until her retirement in 1950. The ferry operations ran nearly continuously for 18 hours each day. The construction of the first Lake Washington floating bridge in 1940, however, made ferry service unprofitable and eventually led to its cancellation. Subsequent years saw wool milling and warship building become the major industries.
The first woolen mill in the state of Washington was built in Kirkland in 1892. The mill was the primary supplier of wool products for the Alaska Gold Rush prospectors and for the U.S. military during World War I. By 1917, after the completion of the Lake Washington Ship Canal, the construction of ocean-going vessels had become a major business. By 1940, the thriving Lake Washington Shipyard had constructed more than 25 warships during World War II for the U.S. Navy, on what is now Carillon Point.
|Annexation date||Sq mi annexed||Cumulative sq mi|
Since the incorporation of Kirkland in 1905, the city has grown to approximately 12 times its original geographic boundaries, nearly doubling in size during the 1940s and 1960s.
Kirkland consolidated with the neighboring town of Houghton on July 31, 1968 to form one city of 13,500. It annexed the neighborhood of Totem Lake in 1974, and the neighborhoods of South Juanita, North Rose Hill, and South Rose Hill in 1988, which were the largest annexations undertaken in Washington in nearly two decades. This added a further 16,119 people to Kirkland's population and was responsible for 76 percent of Kirkland's population increase between 1980 and 1990.
On November 3, 2009, responding to a county initiative to encourage cities to annex or incorporate many of the unincorporated areas within the county, as well as a state sales tax incentive intended to ease the process, three previously unincorporated districts north of the City—Finn Hill, Juanita, and Kingsgate—voted on whether to annex to Kirkland. The measure failed by seven votes to reach the 60% margin, which was required because the measure included accepting a share of the city's voter-approved debt. However, since the affirmative vote was over 50%, the city council could and did vote to accept the annexation, without the assumption of debt.
|Heritage Hall||1922||2000||NW corner of Market St. & Lake Ave. W.|
|Peter Kirk Building||1890-92||2003||620 Market Street|
|Kirkland Woman's Club||1925||2011||407 First Street|
Geography and climate
Kirkland is located at 47°41′9″N 122°11′30″W / 47.68583°N 122.19167°W (47.685821, -122.191729). It is bordered to the west by Lake Washington, to the east by Redmond, to the south by Bellevue, and to the north by Kenmore, Woodinville, and Bothell.
Kirkland is accessible via Interstate 405, which connects it with other Eastside cities, including Bellevue, Renton, and Bothell. Seattle, which is west of Kirkland, as well as Redmond to the east, are both accessible through State Highway 520.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.83 square miles (46.18 km2), of which, 17.818 square miles (46.15 km2) is land and 0.012 square miles (0.03 km2) is water. The elevation varies from 14 to 500 feet (150 m) above sea level.
Kirkland's average temperature is 46.8 °F (8.2 °C), and the average annual precipitation 38.6 inches (980 mm).
|Yarrow Point||Clyde Hill/Bellevue||Bellevue|
|Kirkland growth trends|
|Year||Population||Population increase||Land area increase|
According to a 2012 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $86,656, and the median income for a family was $106,893. The per capita income for the city was $51,229.
As of the census of 2010, there were 48,787 people, 22,445 households, and 12,014 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,521.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,745.8/km2). There were 24,345 housing units at an average density of 2,256.3 per square mile (871.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 79.3% White, 1.8% African American, 0.4% Native American, 11.3% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 2.5% from other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.3% of the population.
There were 22,445 households of which 24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 46.5% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.83.
The median age in the city was 37.5 years. 18.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 35.1% were from 25 to 44; 27% were from 45 to 64; and 10.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 45,054 people, 20,736 households, and 11,031 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,220.3 people per square mile (1,628.8/km²). There were 21,831 housing units at an average density of 2,045.0 per square mile (789.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.28% White, 1.59% African American, 0.53% Native American, 7.80% Asian, 0.20% Pacific Islander, 1.69% from other races, and 2.92% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos, who may be of any race, were 4.11% of the population.
There were 20,736 households out of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.8% were non-families. 35.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.80.
In the city the population was spread out with 18.5% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 38.1% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $60,332, and the median income for a family was $73,395. Males had a median income of $50,691 versus $39,737 for females. The per capita income for the city was $38,903. About 3.9% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.
Government and politics
Kirkland has a non-partisan council-manager form of government, with seven council members elected at large for staggered four-year terms. The city council selects a mayor from among its members, who serves as council chair but has no veto power. As of 2014, the mayor is Amy Walen and the city manager is former King County Executive Kurt Triplett.
Kirkland is in the Lake Washington School District.
Public elementary schools include:
- Peter Kirk Elementary School
- Benjamin Franklin Elementary School
- Carl Sandburg Elementary School
- Helen Keller Elementary School
- John Muir Elementary School
- Juanita Elementary School
- Lakeview Elementary School
- Henry David Thoreau Elementary School
- Mark Twain Elementary School
- Robert Frost Elementary School
- Rose Hill Elementary School
- Alexander Graham Bell Elementary School
Secondary schools in the city include:
- Juanita High School
- Lake Washington High School
- International Community School (6-12)
- B.E.S.T. High School
- Puget Sound Adventist Academy
- Kirkland Junior High School
- Finn Hill Junior High
- Kamiakin Jr. High School
- Northstar Jr. High School
- Rose Hill Jr. High School
- Eastside Preparatory School
- Providence Classical Christian School (Pre-K-12)
Kirkland is served by several news sources, including:
- The Seattle Times, the largest daily newspaper in the Seattle-Metro area, is designated the city of Kirkland's official newspaper of record.
- Kirkland Views, an online daily news source for the greater Kirkland area, was founded in 2008. Published by Kirkland residents, Kirkland Views is a member of The Seattle Times local news partnership program.
- The Kirkland Reporter, formerly the Kirkland Courier, is a weekly publication founded in 1978. In 2007, the paper was acquired by Sound Publishing, an American subsidiary of Canadian publisher Black Press Limited.
- The City Update Newsletter is the city's official newsletter, dedicated to information about city programs, legislative updates and neighborhood highlights.
- Currently Kirkland is the city's official video news segment and airs every two weeks on Kirkland's two local TV stations, K Life and K Gov.
During the summer, local residents of neighboring cities flock to Kirkland to visit Kirkland's many waterfront parks on Lake Washington. Kirkland has neighborhood parks as well, contains a corner of Saint Edward State Park, and abuts the equestrian Bridle Trails State Park. The waterfront parks are linked by a paved trail, which is open until dusk. Juanita Beach Park is another major park in Kirkland, and is a tourist attraction.
Kirkland had a gallery district downtown until recent years when all but three galleries closed or moved away. The Kirkland Performance Center hosts a number of performing arts events.
The Kirkland Arts Center, located in the historic Peter Kirk Building on Market Street, provides classes, workshops and community-oriented gallery space.
Kirkland hosted the annual Kirkland Concours d'Elegance at Carillon Point until 2011, attracting vintage and classic automobiles from across the country.
Teen Union Building
The Kirkland Teen Union Building (KTUB) in downtown Peter Kirk Park is supported by the city and a number of nonprofit organizations. It has two music stages, a recording studio, darkroom and year-round activities and programs for youth.
In 2006, Kirkland was the first city in Washington to adopt a Complete Streets ordinance, whereby pedestrian and bicycle facilities are addressed as a part of all road construction and improvement planning projects.
Kirkland has two Little Leagues: Kirkland American Little League and Kirkland National Little League. Kirkland National won the 1982 Little League World Series championship. They defeated a team from Taiwan 6-0 on August 28, 1982.
The Kirkland Baseball Commission provides recreational baseball for players ages 13–18. It is affiliated with the national Pony Baseball organization.
- Dori Hillestad Butler, children's author who resides in Kirkland
- Michael O'Hearn, bodybuilder, actor and model
- Layne Staley, lead singer of Alice in Chains (died 2002)
- "US Gazetteer files 2013". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
- "Kirkland". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- Peyton Whitely (1998-02-25). "Kirkland's downtown dilemma rules to save local flavor could price it out of existence". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- Stein, Alan. "Juanita Beach Park (Kirkland): HistoryLink.org Essay 4009". Retrieved 2007-12-24.
- Alan J. Stein (1998). "A Short History of Kirkland".
- Alan J. Stein (August 30, 2000). "The ferry Leschi makes its last run, ending ferry service on Lake Washington on August 31, 1950". HistoryLink.org.
- King County, Washington (July 4, 2007). "King_County_Annexation_Initiative". Retrieved 2009-04-09.
- State of Washington (2006-07-07). "Bill 6686" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-04-10.
- "Election results". Retrieved 2009-12-26.
- "City Council Accepts Annexation". Retrieved 2009-12-26.
- Nicole Tsong and Katherine Long, , Seattle Times, originally published November 3, 2009 at 9:48 PM, modified November 4, 2009 at 12:39 AM. Accessed online 2009-11-04.
- Seattle Times (2009-04-08). "SeattleTimesAnnexation". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on 2009-04-11. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
- "King County Local and Landmarks List" (PDF). King County Historic Preservation Program, Department of Natural Resources and Parks. August 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-09.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 324.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
- "Providence Classical Christian K-12 School Kirkland Area Washington". pccs.org. Retrieved 2016-03-21.
- "City of Kirkland Resolution R-4621". City of Kirkland. January 16, 2007. Retrieved 2010-08-13.
- "Seattle Times announces more local news partners". Seattle Times. January 10, 2010. Archived from the original on 2010-08-29. Retrieved 2010-06-23.
- "Black Press buys Kirkland newspaper". Seattle Times. Retrieved 2010-07-14.
- "Kirkland City Newsletter". City of Kirkland. Archived from the original on 2010-06-03. Retrieved 2010-06-23.
- "About Kirkland Teen Union Building". Kirkland Friends of Youth. Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- "Complete Streets Ordinance" (PDF). City of Kirkland. 2006-10-13. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
- "Walkability" (PDF). City of Kirkland. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
- "Complete the Streets News". National Complete Streets Coalition. 2006-11-06. Retrieved 2009-02-18.
- "Active Transportation Plan". City of Kirkland. Archived from the original on September 26, 2008. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
- "1982 Little League history".
- "Washington sister cities". Sister Cities International.
- Washington State Lieutenant Governor's Office. "Sister Relationships".
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kirkland.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kirkland, Washington.|
- City of Kirkland Government
- Kirkland, Washington at DMOZ
- Kirkland Arts Center
- Kirkland Heritage Society