Kharia language

Not to be confused with Kharia Thar language.
Region India (Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, West Bengal, Assam, Tripura, Andaman and Nicobar Islands), Nepal
Native speakers
240,000 (2001 census)[1]
  • Munda

    • Kharia–Juang
      • Kharia
Language codes
ISO 639-3 khr
Glottolog khar1287[2]

The Kharia language (autonym: kʰaɽija or kʰeɽija[3]) is a Munda language that is primarily spoken by indigenous Kharia people of eastern India.


Kharia belongs to the Kharia–Juang branch of the Munda language family. Its closest extant relative is the Juang language, but the relationship between Kharia and Juang is remote.

The most widely cited classification places Kharia and Juang together as a subgroup of the South Munda branch of the Munda family. However, some earlier classification schemes placed Kharia and Juang together, as an independent branch deriving from the root of the Munda languages, which they named Central Munda.

Kharia is in contact with Sadri (the local lingua franca), Mundari, Kurukh, Hindi, and Odia (in Odisha) (Peterson 2008:434).


Kharia speakers are located in the following districts of India (Peterson 2008:434).


  1. Kharia at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Kharia". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Peterson, John. 2008. "Kharia". In Anderson, Gregory D.S (ed). The Munda languages, 434-507. Routledge Language Family Series 3.New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-32890-X.

External links

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