For other uses, see Kashira (disambiguation).
Kashira (English)
Кашира (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -

Sadovaya Street in Kashira

Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
Location of Kashira in Moscow Oblast
Coordinates: 54°50′N 38°10′E / 54.833°N 38.167°E / 54.833; 38.167Coordinates: 54°50′N 38°10′E / 54.833°N 38.167°E / 54.833; 38.167
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of September 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Administrative district Kashirsky District[1]
Town Kashira[1]
Administrative center of Kashirsky District,[1] Town of Kashira[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2010)
Municipal district Kashirsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Kashira Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Kashirsky Municipal District,[2] Kashira Urban Settlement[2]
Population (2010 Census) 41,870 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
First mentioned 1356
Town status since 1777
Previous names Koshira
Postal code(s)[5] 142900–142904, 142908, 142911, 142949
Dialing code(s) +7 49669
Official website
Kashira on Wikimedia Commons

Kashira (Russian: Каши́ра) is a town and the administrative center of Kashirsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River 115 kilometers (71 mi) south of Moscow. Population: 41,870(2010 Census);[3] 40,898(2002 Census);[6] 44,110(1989 Census).[7]


It was first mentioned in 1356 as the village of Koshira (Кошира) named after the Koshira River (today's Kashirka River). However, 1619 is considered Kashira's foundation year, when the town was transferred from the left bank of the Oka to the right bank some 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) upstream and rebuilt after it was badly damaged by the Crimean Tatars in 1592 and 1596.

The town was once home to exiled Kazan Khan Ghabdellatif. The coat of arms of Kashira contains the image of Zilant, a heraldic symbol of Kazan.

Town status was granted to Kashira in 1777.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Kashira serves as the administrative center of Kashirsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with five rural localities, incorporated within Kashirsky District as the Town of Kashira.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Kashira is incorporated within Kashirsky Municipal District as Kashira Urban Settlement.[2]


A large thermal power plant operates in Kashira. In 1950, the terminal of the first HVDC-transmission was built in the town.



  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Resolution #123-PG
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Law #71/2005-OZ
  3. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  4. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  7. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.


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