Kankaria Lake

Kankaria Lake

Kankaria Lake during the Kankaria Carnival in Ahmedabad
Location Ahmedabad, Gujarat
Coordinates 23°00′22″N 72°36′04″E / 23.006°N 72.6011°E / 23.006; 72.6011Coordinates: 23°00′22″N 72°36′04″E / 23.006°N 72.6011°E / 23.006; 72.6011
Lake type Artificial lake
Basin countries India
Shore length1 3.15 km (1.96 mi)
Islands Nagina Wadi
Settlements Ahmedabad
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Kankaria Lake, formerly known as Hauz e Qutub, is the second largest lake in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. It is located in the south-eastern part of the city, in the Maninagar area. A lakefront is developed around it, which has many public attractions such as a zoo, toy train, kids city, tethered balloon ride, water rides, water park, food stalls, and entertainment facilities. The lakefront was revamped in 2008. Kankaria Carnival is a week-long festival held here in the last week of December. Many cultural, art, and social activities are organised during the carnival.[1]


The supply sluice of Kankaria Lake, 1866
Cupola near one of the approaches of lake which no longer exists

Kankaria Lake was built by Sultan Qutbuddin in the 15th century. The work was completed in 1451 CE and was known as "Qutb Hauz" or "Hauz-i-Qutb". It was used for bathing by the kings. It had a water purification system but it has been lost with the time. At one point of the circular lake, there opens a walkway which later merges into a garden called Nagina Wadi (which means beautiful garden in Urdu) that is located in the centre of the lake. With an approximate circumference of 3 miles (4.8 km), it represents the regale history of Ahmedabad. It is a 34-sided polygon having steps which leading down to water level.[2]


The central garden and the walkway had been revamped and utilities are enhanced.[3] Upon completion of the renovation the lake was officially inaugurated in a week long event known as "Kankaria Carnival".[4] The inauguration ceremony for renovated Kankaria lakefront was held on 25 December 2008.[5]


Kankaria Zoo

Kankaria Zoo

Kankaria Zoo, officially Kamla Nehru Zoological Garden, was established by Rueben David in 1951 spread over 21 acres. It was rated the best zoo in Asia in 1974.[6] They are 450 mammals, 2,000 birds, 140 reptiles in a 31-acre zoo. It is a treasure of wild animals like tigers, lions, python, anaconda, snakes, elephant, albinos (white), like the rhesus monkey, spotted deer, white blackbuck, chinkara, elephants, emu, jungle babbler, bush-quail and common palm civet. Kankaria Zoo has also records in breeding of rare species in Zoo like pythons, crocodiles, bearcats and wild asses.[7] Reuben David was awarded Padma Shri in 1974 for it.[6]


It is a children's park named after Jawaharlal Nehru. Balvatika has a boat house, playroom, butterfly and weapon displays, mirror house, toy house and planetarium.Presently most part of the park is under renovation. New rides will be introduced soon.

Amusement Park

Netherlands based company installed five rides in the amusement park in 2014. It includes the Boomerang Roller Coaster, the Flipping Arm, the Torching Tower, Disk 'O' pendulum and the merry-go-round. It will also have a kids play zone for computer games.[8]

Kids City

Kids City is a miniature world designed for kids. It is spread in 4240 sq.metre area having 18 activity centres[9] including banks, fire station, science lab, radio station, police station, court room and prison, dental as well as medical hospital, theatre, BRTS, heritage gallery, town governance, IT centre, News room, ice-cream factory, etc.[10] AMC had applied for copyrights and patents on the individual games in the premises, the unique point system, Virmo (Virtual Money) and the design of the different venues in games.[11]

Toy Trains

Atal Express - Toy Train

A train named Atal Express (Named after Atal Bihari Vajpayee on his birthday 25 December 2008) was imported from London, the train circles the lake on a 2.3 km track at a speed of 10 km/h.[12] The train has the capacity to carry 150 passengers, including 36 adults. The train is manufactured by Severn Lamb.[13] During the first 11 months of introducing the train, it attracted nearly a million visitors.[14] After the success of this train, another train was also started which named Swarnim Jayanti Express.[15] All trains on the railway, and hence the railway itself, are 2 ft (610 mm) narrow gauge.[16]

Balloon Safari

Tethered helium balloon

Ahmedabad Eye is a tethered balloon ride set up near Kankaria Lake after renovation. The tethered balloon complex spread over 3000 square yard, is divided into four sections including a restaurant, tethered balloon, heritage exhibit and an exhibition displaying the making of the Ahmedabad Eye. SKYZ is a balloon themed restaurant located at the Ahmedabad Eye complex. It is managed by Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation.[17][18] Rainforest theme restaurant is also there.

Nagina Wadi

Main article: Nagina Wadi
Way to Naginawadi in 1891

There is an island in center of Kankaria Lake which houses a small summer palace and a musical fountain.[19] Food stalls are also there.

Stone Mural Park

India's biggest Stone Mural Park named Gurjar Gaurav Gatha[20] on the side walls of the circular lake in which sculptors are depicting, in pink sand stone, the history and rise of Gujarat is under construction.[9] It has murals covering 3150 sq feet depicting the history of Ahmedabad right now but when completed, it will measure 6000 feet in length and will be world's largest mural (30000 sq.metre).[21]

Following subjects are being included in murals: folklores and history of Ahmedabad, great rulers of Gujarat, ports, commerce and good practices(ethical business-trade traditions), education, freedom fight, cultural heritage, art and literature, expression of culture, today’s Gujarat, global Gujaratis, selected stories of common Gujaratis in past centuries.[20] It will also includes stories about ancient sage Dadhichi, Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Patel, Jhaverchand Meghani and Indulal Yagnik[9]

Dutch and Armenian tombs

Dutch Tombs near Kankaria lake, 1866

The Dutch and Armenian tombs are on One Tree Hill embankment which shows strong trade presence of Dutch East India Company in city during 17th century. They are Saracenic in style with domes and pillars. The dates of the tombs are deciphered range from 1641 to 1699. The Armenian tombs perhaps belonged to brokers in the Dutch factory.[2][22]


Segways are introduced for people for easy movement around lake. A mini golf course; Aqua Kart and other water sports; Vertical Swing, Paint Ball Shooting, Black Flash and rides, Sky Fly and other joyrides were introduced.[23]


Dadu Dayal temple

Other attractions include historical Dadu Dayal temple, Natural History Museum, desert safari, aquarium, gardens like One Tree Hill garden, Butterfly Park, football ground, water sports and rides, open-air theatre, Jaldhara water park, boating and small amusement park. It is a good place for yoga, walking, and running, especially early morning. There is also a gym on campus known as Ambubhai Purani Vyayamshala.

Logo Inspiration

The State Bank of India logo was designed by National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad and apparently the inspiration was Kankaria lake.[24]

See also


  1. "Kankaria carnival 2011:Read a long list of events, complete schedule". www.lightreading.com. DeshGujarat. Retrieved 8 October 2012.
  2. 1 2 Desai, Anjali (2007). India Guide Gujarat. India Guide Publications. p. 95. ISBN 9788185067087. Retrieved 8 October 2012.
  3. Official website of government for ahmedabad municipal corporation
  4. Celebration of cultural and historical heritage of Ahmedabad
  5. Kankaria Carnival in Ahmedabad from December 25th to 31st
  6. 1 2 News, TNN (September 19, 2012). "World hailed his experiments at zoo". The Times of India. Retrieved 8 October 2012.
  7. Paul, John (September 19, 2012). "Tarzan - Jew in a zoo". The Times of India. Retrieved 8 October 2012.
  8. "Heart-pounding amusement coming up at Kankaria". The Times of India. Jun 24, 2014.
  9. 1 2 3 "Kankaria lake front in Ahmedabad a big hit among tourists". India Today.in. August 29, 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2012. |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  10. "KIDS city at Rs 100 per kid – Kakaria Carnival". Gujarat News. December 31, 2010. Retrieved 18 October 2012. |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  11. "AMC seeks copyright of Kid's City". The Times of India. March 28, 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2012. |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  12. Modi dedicates Atal Express to children
  13. Kankaria toy train on way from London
  14. "Toy train at Kankaria". gujaratglobal.com. December 10, 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  15. "AMC plans another toy train for Kankaria". Times of India. January 7, 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  16. Severn Lamb - Lincoln model
  17. Mirror, Ahmedabad. "Tethered balloon to be ready by September".
  18. "Ahmedabad Eye official Website".
  19. Bulletin of the Institution of Engineers (India).,Volume 25. Institution of Engineers (India), Institution of Engineers (India). 1975. p. 17. Retrieved 17 October 2012.
  20. 1 2 "Kankaria Mural showcases the story, glory and history of Gujarat". deshgujarat.com. March 19, 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2012.
  21. "Religious leaders visit mural at Kankaria". DNA. March 19, 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2012.
  22. Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Ahmedabad (Public Domain text). Government Central Press. p. 285.
  23. "More joyrides to be introduced at Kankaria, but only for daredevils". The Times of India. August 2, 2012. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
  24. "SBI bank logo was inspired by Kankaria lake". 19 February 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
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