Kankara sanshin

Not to be confused with Kankara.
Kankara sanshin

The kankara (Japanese: かんから) or kankara sanshin (literally "sanshin from a can") is a Japanese three-stringed folk plucked instrument, initially an improvised derivative of the Okinawan sanshin that was developed in the Ryukyu Islands during the Shōwa period.

Like the wooden-bodied gottan, the kankara is an inexpensive alternative to other, professional Japanese lutes – namely the sanshin and the similar, albeit larger shamisen. Unlike the gottan, however, the kankara was invented much later and served a much different purpose historically.


The kankara sanshin originates in the period following the World War II Battle of Okinawa. Okinawans, including men detained by the American military, made use of metal cans discarded by the Americans, and used them as the body for improvised sanshins.[1]

A similar type of can-based sanshin was made by Japanese-Americans in internment camps in the United States during the war.[2]

Since World War II kankara have become popular as inexpensive alternatives to the sanshin or shamisen, and professional sanshin or shamisen makers have begun to craft them and include them in their stores, online and in catalogues. The kankara itself has also evolved to some degree, with certain makers creating more ornate instruments with hand-painted frontal designs and the decorative wrappings (手掛 tiigaa) that are a feature of the sanshin proper. DIY "build-your-own" kankara sanshin kits are also readily available.

Construction and components

The following is a list of basic components that normally make up a kankara sanshin, with Japanese phrases that refer to the English terms in sanshin and shamisen parlance:


  1. Eiji Oguma (1 April 2014). The Boundaries of "The Japanese": Okinawa 1818-1972 Inclusion and Exclusion. Trans Pacific Press. pp. 358–. ISBN 978-1-920901-48-6.
  2. Ronald Y. Nakasone (1 January 2002). Okinawan Diaspora. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 105–. ISBN 978-0-8248-2530-0.

See also

Further reading

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