Kamran's Baradari

Kamran ki Baradari
Basic information
Location Lahore, Pakistan
Affiliation Islam
Province Punjab
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Tomb
Leadership Kamran Mirza
Architectural description
Architectural type Pavilion
Architectural style Islamic, Mughal
Completed 1540
Materials Red sandstone

Kamran ki Baradari is a summer pavilion at Lahore, Pakistan. It was built by Kamran Mirza, a son of first Mughal emperor Babur and a brother of the second Mughal emperor Humayun.


After Babur's death in 1530, Kamran Mirza seized Lahore where he built his own garden in the city, where he built this baradari in 1540, which is the first Mughal structure to be built in Lahore.[1] The baradari, a pavilion, is located on an island in the Ravi River. During its time of construction, it stood on his garden, as the river was "several hundred metres away".[2] The earliest reference to the pavilion dates back to 1860s in a letter written by a British officer named Thomas Thornton.[3]

After the British annexed Punjab in 1849, the pavilion was turned into a tollhouse for boats crossing the river. It is also mentioned as Turgurhwallee Baradari in an 1867 map of Lahore, where it was shown located on the western bank of the river.[3] It was reconstructed in the year 1989 at a cost of 19.6 million rupees (about $1 million).[4]


Like all baradaris,[5] the structure has twelve doors. It is a two-storey pavilion which has 12 columns of vaulted balconies.[2] The pavilion has cusped arches, which are common in buildings built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Research done in 1988 found out that the garden was built using the unit of measurement called Gaz-i-Illahi which was commonly used in Akbar's reign.[3] The pavilion is also the only surviving structure of the garden.[3]

The use of cusped arches has led to a common belief that the pavilion was originally built during Shah Jahan's reign, but local oral sayings have attributed it to Kamran.[6]


  1. Khursheed Kamal Aziz. The Meaning of Islamic Art: Explorations in Religious Symbolism ..., Volume 1. Adam Publishers. p. 608. ISBN 9788174353979.
  2. 1 2 Sarina Singh. Pakistan and the Karakoram Highway. Lonely Planet. p. 109. ISBN 9781741045420.
  3. 1 2 3 4 James L. Wescoat. Mughal Gardens: Sources, Places, Representations, and Prospects. Dumbarton Oaks. p. 196. ISBN 9780884022350.
  4. "Kamran's Baradari (built 1520s or mid 17th-century)". Oriental Architecture. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  5. "Kamran Ki Baradari". Lahore City. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  6. "Lahore's Treasures – II". Pakistan Today. Retrieved 12 May 2015.

Coordinates: 31°36′24″N 74°17′37″E / 31.6067°N 74.2937°E / 31.6067; 74.2937

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