|• Governor||Keizō Hamada|
|• Total||1,861.70 km2 (718.81 sq mi)|
|Population (May 1, 2016)|
|• Density||523.20/km2 (1,355.1/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-37|
|Flower||Olive (Olea europaea)|
|Tree||Olive (Olea europaea)|
|Bird||Lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)|
Kagawa was formerly known as Sanuki Province.
For a brief period between August 1876 and December 1888, Kagawa was made a part of Ehime Prefecture.
Battle of Yashima
Kagawa comprises the northeast corner of Shikoku, bordering Ehime Prefecture on the west and Tokushima Prefecture on the south, with a coastline on the Seto Inland Sea facing Okayama Prefecture and the Kansai. The Sanuki Mountains run along the southern border.
Kagawa is currently the smallest prefecture, by area, in Japan. Osaka Prefecture held that title until Kansai International Airport was reclaimed from the ocean in the early 1990s, pushing its land area slightly above Kagawa's. Kagawa is a relatively narrow prefecture located between the mountains of Shikoku and the sea.
Eight cities are located in Kagawa Prefecture:
These are the towns in each district:
Sanuki udon (a type of udon noodle) is the most famous local food of Kagawa Prefecture. In 2008 there were over 700 udon restaurants in this prefecture alone.
Aside from udon, Kagawa is also famous for "hone-tsuki-dori", seasoned chicken thigh cooked on the bone. Originating from Marugame City, the dish has now become a popular dish in izakaya restaurants across the country.
Olives and olive related products have also come to be associated as Kagawa foods. As the first place in Japan to successfully cultivate olives, Kagawa has been producing olive related products since 1908. As well as winning both domestic and international awards for the quality of its olive oil, Kagawa has also created two offshoot food brands from its olive industry - "olive beef" and "olive Yellowtail". Waste organic matter from olive pressing is used as feed for cattle and the Yellowtail Amberjack. Due to the high amount of polyphenol in the olive waste, the flesh of the respective meats does not oxidize or lose colour easily.
- Kagawa University in Takamatsu
- Kagawa Prefectural College of Health Sciences
- Shikoku Gakuin University in Zentsuji
- Takamatsu University
- Tokushima Bunri University in Sanuki
The sports teams listed below are based in Kagawa.
- Kagawa Ice Fellows (see Japan Ice Hockey Federation)
- Manno Lake
- Sanuki Manno National Park
- Setonaikai National Park
- Shikoku Pilgrimage – Zentsū-ji, Motoyama-ji, Yashima-ji, etc.
- Kankakei Gorge
- Shodoshima Olive Park
- Teshima Island
- Shima Kitchen
- Teshima Art Museum
Based on its ancient name, Sanuki, Kagawa is famous for its Sanuki udon (wheat noodles). Recent years have seen an interest in Sanuki udon across Japan, and many Japanese now take day-trips to taste the many Sanuki udon restaurants in Kagawa.
- JR Shikoku
- Kotoden (Takamatsu Kotohira Electric Railroad)
- Kotohira Line
- Shido Line
- Nagao Line
Departure from Takamatsu
- Tokyo Station
- Shinjuku of Tokyo
- Tokyo Disneyland
- Kyoto Station
- Kansai Int'l Airport
- Route 11 (Tokushima-Takamatsu-Marugame-Niihama-Maysuyama)
- Route 30
- Route 32 (Takamatsu-Kotohira-Kochi)
- Route 193
- Route 318
- Route 319
- Route 377
- Route 436
- Route 438
- Port of Takamatsu – Ferry route to Uno, Tonoshō (Shōdoshima Island), Kobe, Naoshima
- Port of Marugame
- Port of Tadotsu
- Port of Tonoshō – Ferry route to Okayama, Himeji, Kobe and Osaka.
The novel Battle Royale by Koushun Takami was set in the fictional town of Shiroiwa ('Castle Rock') in the Kagawa Prefecture. Okishima, the fictional island on which much of the novel takes place is placed in the Seto Inland Sea. The manga also places Shiroiwa in Kagawa Prefecture, while the film moves Shiroiwa to Kanagawa Prefecture.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kagawa prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 446, p. 446, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Takamatsu" at p. 934, p. 934, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
- Ikatachōshi Editing Committee, ed. (March 31, 1987). Ikatachōshi 伊方町誌 [Ikata Town History] (in Japanese). Town of Ikata, printed by DAI-ICHI HOKI Publishing.
- "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 19 August 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kagawa prefecture.|
- Kagawa Prefecture English homepage
- (Japanese) Official Kagawa Prefecture Japanese homepage
- National Archives of Japan ... Kagawa map (1891)
- Notes from Shikoku in English