Justice League in other media

Adaptations of the Justice League in other media
Created by Gardner Fox
Original source Comics published by DC Comics
First appearance The Brave and the Bold #28
Films and television
Film(s) Justice League of America (1997)
Justice League (2017)
Super Friends (1973)
Justice League (2001)
Justice League Unlimited (2004)
Young Justice (2011)
Justice League Action (2016)
Video game(s) Justice League Task Force (1995)
Justice League Heroes (2006)
Mortal Kombat vs. DC Universe (2008)
DC Universe Online (2011)
Lego Batman 2: DC Super Heroes (2012)
Injustice: Gods Among Us (2013)

The Justice League, also called the Justice League of America or JLA, is a fictional superhero team that appears in comic books published by DC Comics. Since their first appearance in The Brave and the Bold #28 (February/March 1960), various incarnations of the team have appeared in film, television, and video game adaptations.



Justice League: Mortal (cancelled)

In February 2007, it was announced that Warner Bros hired husband and wife duo Michele and Kieran Mulroney to write a script for a Justice League film.[1] The news came around the same time that Joss Whedon's long-developed Wonder Woman film had been canceled,[2] as well as The Flash, written and directed by David S. Goyer.[3] Titled Justice League: Mortal,[4] Michele and Kiernan Mulroney submitted their script to Warner Bros. in June 2007, receiving positive feedback,[5] which prompted the studio to immediately fast track production in the hopes of filming to begin before the 2007-2008 Writers Guild of America strike.[6] Warner Bros. was less willing to proceed on development with a sequel to Superman Returns, having been disappointed with the box office return. Brandon Routh was not approached to reprise the role of Superman in Justice League Mortal,[7] nor was Christian Bale from Batman Begins.[8] Warner Bros. intended for Justice League: Mortal to be the start of a new film franchise, and to branch out into separate sequels and spin-offs.[9] Shortly after filming finished with The Dark Knight,[10] Bale stated in an interview that "It’d be better if it doesn't tread on the toes of what our Batman series is doing," though he personally felt it would make more sense for Warner Bros. to release the film after The Dark Knight Rises.[8] Jason Reitman was the original choice to direct Justice League, but he turned it down, as he considers himself an independent filmmaker and prefers to stay out of big budget superhero films.[11] George Miller signed to direct in September 2007,[6] with Barrie Osbourne producing[12] on a projected $220 million budget.[13]

The following month roughly 40 actors and actresses were auditioning for the ensemble superhero roles, among them were Joseph Cross, Michael Angarano, Max Thieriot, Minka Kelly, Adrianne Palicki and Scott Porter. Miller intended to cast younger actors as he wanted them to "grow" into their roles over the course of several films.[10] D. J. Cotrona was cast as Superman,[9] along with Armie Hammer as Batman.[14] Jessica Biel reportedly declined the Wonder Woman role after being in negotiations.[15] The character was also linked to actresses Teresa Palmer and Shannyn Sossamon, along with Mary Elizabeth Winstead, who confirmed that she had auditioned.[16] Ultimately Megan Gale was cast as Wonder Woman,[17] while Palmer was cast as Talia al Ghul, whom Miller had in mind to act with a Russian accent.[18] The script for Justice League: Mortal would have featured the John Stewart character as the Green Lantern, a role originally offered to Columbus Short.[19] Hip hop recording artist and rapper Common was cast,[20] with Adam Brody as The Flash / Barry Allen,[21] and Jay Baruchel as the lead villain, Maxwell Lord.[22] Longtime Miller collaborator Hugh Keays-Byrne had been cast in an unnamed role, rumored to be Martian Manhunter. Aquaman had yet to be cast.[10][13] Marit Allen was hired as the original costume designer before her untimely death in November 2007,[23] and the responsibilities were assumed by Weta Workshop.[24]

However, the Writers Strike began that same month and placed the film on hold. Warner Bros. had to let the options lapse for the cast,[25] but development was fast tracked once more in February 2008 when the strike ended. Warner Bros. and Miller wanted to start filming immediately,[26] but production was pushed back three months.[9] Originally, the majority of Justice League: Mortal would be shot at Fox Studios Australia in Sydney,[13] with other locations scouted nearby at local colleges,[12] and Sydney Heads doubling for Happy Harbor.[4] The Australian Film Commission also had a say with casting choices, giving way for George Miller to cast Gale, Palmer and Keays-Bryne, all Australian natives. The production crew was composed entirely of Australians, but the Australian government denied Warner Bros. a 40 percent tax rebate as they felt they had not hired enough Australian actors.[13][27] Miller was frustrated, stating that "A once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for the Australian film industry is being frittered away because of very lazy thinking. They're throwing away hundreds of millions of dollars of investment that the rest of the world is competing for and, much more significantly, highly skilled creative jobs."[28] Production offices were then moved to Vancouver Film Studios in Canada. Filming was pushed back to July 2008, while Warner Bros was still confident they could release the film for a summer 2009 release.[29][30]

With production delays continuing, and the success of The Dark Knight in 2008,[31] Warner Bros. decided to focus on development of individual films featuring the main heroes, allowing director Christopher Nolan to separately complete his Batman trilogy with The Dark Knight Rises in 2012. Gregory Noveck, senior vice president of creative affairs for DC Entertainment stated "we’re going to make a Justice League movie, whether it’s now or 10 years from now. But we’re not going to do it and Warners is not going to do it until we know it’s right."[32] Actor Adam Brody joked "They [Warner Brothers] just didn’t want to cross their streams with a whole bunch of Batmans in the universe."[33] Warner Bros. relaunched development for the solo Green Lantern film, released in 2011 as a critical and financial disappointment. Meanwhile, film adaptations for the The Flash and Wonder Woman continued to languish in development while filming for a Superman reboot was commencing in 2011 with Man of Steel, produced by Nolan and written by David S. Goyer.

DC Extended Universe

Main article: Justice League (film)

In April 2014, Zack Snyder was announced as director for Goyer's Justice League script.[34] Warner Bros. was reportedly courting Chris Terrio to rewrite Justice League the following July, after having been impressed with his rewrite of Batman v Superman.[35] In October 2014, Warner Bros. announced there would be two films as the fifth and tenth installments of the DC Extended Universe, with one releasing in 2017, and the other in 2019. Snyder will direct both films.[36] It is expected that Fisher will reprise his role as Cyborg;[37] while Jason Momoa will appear as Aquaman and Ezra Miller will appear as The Flash.[38] In July 2015, it was revealed that Terrio had completed the draft of the script of the first film.[39] In January 2016, Variety reported that Amber Heard was in talks for the role of Mera in both films and Aquaman.[40] The film will be shot in the U.K. On January 19, 2016, concept art was released for the film confirming Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Aquaman, Cyborg and the Flash as the official lineup, though Geoff Johns hints that a Green Lantern and the Green Lantern Corps will eventually join the roster and appear in the movie.[41][42] In February 2016, Entertainment Weekly reported that filming for Justice League will commence on April 11 at Warner Bros. Studios, Leavesden in southeast England, as well as various locations around London and in Iceland.[43] In March 2016, it was announced that J. K. Simmons will play James Gordon in both upcoming films.[44] That same month, Amber Heard was confirmed to Entertainment Tonight that she will be portraying Mera.[45] The film would reportedly have a lighter tone than Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice.[46]


Other appearances

The Justice League appears in The Lego Movie, with Superman voiced by Channing Tatum, Batman voiced by Will Arnett, Wonder Woman by Cobie Smulders, and Green Lantern (Hal Jordan) by Jonah Hill. Flash (Barry Allen) and Aquaman also appear in the movie, although they have no lines.[52] The Justice League will also appear in The Lego Batman Movie. Here, the roster consists of Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Green Lantern (Hal Jordan), The Flash (Barry Allen), Aquaman, Cyborg and Green Arrow.


Justice League of America has been adapted for television numerous times.


Live action

Video games




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