Jund al-Khilafah

Soldiers of the Caliphate in the Land of Algeria
جند الخلافة في أرض الجزائر
Participant in the War on Terror, and
the Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present)
Active 14 September 2014[1][2][3] – Present
Ideology Salafism
Leaders Gouri Abdelmalek [1][4]
Area of operations Algeria
Strength Fewer than 30 (Dec. 2014)[5]
Part of  Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Originated as al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb faction
Opponents  Algeria

Jund al-Khalifah fi Ard al-Jazayer (Arabic: جند الخلافة في أرض الجزائر, meaning Soldiers of the Caliphate in Algeria or Caliphate Soldiers of Algeria)[6] is an Algerian militant group.

After kidnapping a 55-year-old French mountaineering guide, Hervé Gourdel, Jund stated in a video on 22 September 2014, that the kidnapping was a fulfilling of an order of ISIL spokesman al-'Adnani to attack citizens of countries fighting with the U.S. against ISIL.[7]

On 24 September 2014, Jund al-Khilafah claimed to have beheaded Hervé Gourdel.[7][8][9]

It listed as a terror group by the UK.[10]


Under al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb

Jund al-Khilafah was previously a faction of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, the Al Qaeda affiliate in North and West Africa.[11] AQIM grew out of Algerian Islamist groups that had fought in the 1990s Civil War.[11] Abdelmalek Gouri (who would later lead Jund al-Khilafah) was formerly the "right-hand man" of Abdelmalek Droukdel, who was the leader of AQIM. Gouri was also part of an AQIM cell responsible for suicide attacks on the government's headquarters and the UN compound in Algiers in 2007. He was also behind an attack in Iboudrarene in April 2014 that left 11 Algerian soldiers dead.[11]

As Jund al-Khilafah

On 14 September 2014, the leader of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) in the central region, Khaled Abu Suleiman (nom de guerre of Abdelmalek Gouri), announced in a communique he was breaking allegiance with al-Qaeda and took an oath of allegiance to the leader of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. He was reportedly joined by an AQIM commander of an eastern region of Algeria. He claimed that other members of AQIM had "deviated from the right path" and declared to al-Baghdadi "You have in the Islamic Maghreb men who will obey your orders."[12]

In December 2014, Gouri was killed by Algerian security forces.[4] In May 2015, over 20 members of the group, including commanders, were killed in a military raid.[13][14] The group was devastated by the raids, and turned its focus to propaganda while attempting to rebuild. Although it advertised the pledges of allegiance of several AQIM splinter factions during 2015, none of the groups involved are believed to be large, and the group did not claim responsibility for any attacks in the year following the kidnapping and killing of Gourdel.[14]



  1. 1 2 "Algeria's al-Qaeda defectors join IS group". Al Jazeera English. 14 September 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  2. Zelin, Aaron Y. (14 November 2014). "ISIS Has Declared The Creation Of Provinces In Several Arab Countries". Washington Institute for Near East Policy. businessinsider.com. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  3. Zelin, Aaron Y. (14 November 2014). "The Islamic State's Archipelago of Provinces". Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  4. 1 2 Deaton, Jennifer Z.; Hanna, Jason (23 December 2014). "Algeria: Leader of group that beheaded French hiker is killed". CNN. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  5. "Algerian Army Kills Militant Leader Linked to Beheading of French Hostage". The New York Times. 23 December 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2015. According to several sources, it included fewer than 30 fighters and never had enough time to structure itself as a viable force on the field
  6. "Hollande blasts 'cowardly' murder of French hostage in Algeria". France24. 24 September 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  7. 1 2 "Jund al-Khilafah in Algeria Beheads French Hostage in Video". SITE Intelligence Group. 24 September 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  8. "Algerian extremists behead French hostage". Associated Press. 24 September 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  9. "IS-linked terror group Jund al-Khilafah behead French hostage Herve Gourdel, who was kidnapped in Algeria on Sunday". News Corp Australia. 25 September 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  10. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/509003/20160318proscription.pdf
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Algerian army 'kills top jihadist'". BBC News. 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  12. Chikhi, Lamine (14 September 2014). "Splinter group breaks from al Qaeda in North Africa". Reuters. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  13. 1 2 "Algerian forces kill '21 ISIL-linked fighters'". Al Jazeera. 20 May 2015. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
  14. 1 2 "If at First You Don't Succeed, Try Deception: The Islamic State's Expansion Efforts in Algeria". Jamestown Foundation. 13 November 2015. Retrieved 7 December 2015.
  15. "Algerian army kills suspect in beheading of Frenchman Hervé Gourdel". France 24. 26 October 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  16. "Algerian army kills five militants: ministry". Reuters. 28 April 2015. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
  17. "Islamic State claims killing Algerian soldiers". The Long War Journal.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/21/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.