Jump shift

For the term "jump shift" in bridge, see Glossary of contract bridge terms: Jump shift.
Diagram of the Heisman shift.

The jump shift or Heisman shift, was an American football shift maneuver in the backfield utilized by John Heisman.[1][2] In this system, the quarterback, both halfbacks, and fullback would be in a line, as one would in an I-formation with an extra halfback at the hind end. Then the three players which were not to receive the ball from center would shift all to one side. A split second elapsed, then the ball was snapped and the wall of three blockers charged on.[3] If needed, the center could also snap it to one of the other backs.[4] The phalanx of blockers resembled the yet-to-be developed single wing.[4] The Heisman shift was considered more complicated than its predecessors (say the Minnesota shift).[5]


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