Judiciary of Albania

The Judiciary of Albania interprets and applies the law of Albania. It is defined under the Constitution and law with a hierarchical structure with the Constitutional Court and the Supreme Court at the apex. The district courts are the primary trial courts, and the Courts of Appeal are the primary appellate courts. The judiciary is governed by the High Council of Justice, and its management is aided by the Office of the President of Albania, the Ministry of Justice, and the various courts' chairpersons.

The judiciary faces many problems and a widespread lack of confidence but is making progress in recent times. There have been serious violations of the accepted separation of powers doctrine, systematic attempts to undermine trials, problems with access to justice, problems with court infrastructure and financial support, and corruption.[1] But the 2016 Judicial System Reform aims to reform the system and bring upon a fairer and more efficient administration, a strengthening of the rule of law, the vetting and cleansing of the system of corrupt judges, etc.[2]

Court Hierarchy

Articles 135 - 145 of the Constitution of the Republic of Albania provide the basic framework for the organization of the Courts System. These provisions, coupled with applicable laws have given rise to the following system:





  1. Council of Europe REPORT ON VISIT TO ALBANIA
  2. Venice Commission recommendations
  3. Court Explanation
  4. Administrative Courts
  5. Court Explanation
  6. Administrative Courts
  7. Supreme Court
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 9/8/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.