|128th Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines|
August 10, 1992 – May 30, 2002
|Appointed by||Fidel Ramos|
|Preceded by||Ameurfina Melencio-Herrera|
|Succeeded by||Conchita Carpio-Morales|
|Chairman of the Commission on Elections|
March 25, 2008 – January 16, 2011
|Appointed by||Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo|
|Preceded by||Romeo A. Brawner|
|Succeeded by||Sixto Brillantes|
May 30, 1932|
Manila, Philippine Islands
|Spouse(s)||Norma Cruz Melo|
Jose Armando R. Melo (born May 30, 1932) is a Filipino lawyer and jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines from 1992 to 2002. He is a former Chairman of the Commission on Elections (COMELEC), and was succeeded by election lawyer Sixto Brillantes.
Early life and education
Melo was born in the Philippine General Hospital in Manila. He is married to Norma Cruz with whom he has 3 children: Olivia Ann, Jaime Alberto and Jorge Alfonso.
He graduated at Sta. Ana Elementary School, 1946 and at Victorino Mapa High School, 1950. He graduated Master of Laws, "Meritissimus", at UST, 1960. He passed the bar exams, in 1956, with rating of 85.5%. He began his law practice as staff member, Diokno Law Office, 1957–1962. He was legal adviser, Board of Censors for Motion Picture, 1969–1975.
Melo obtained his law degree from the Manuel L. Quezon University in 1956. During the 1970s, he worked for the Office of the Solicitor General. In 1986, he was appointed to the Philippine Court of Appeals by President Corazon Aquino.
Melo was appointed by President Fidel Ramos to the Supreme Court on August 10, 1992. Melo served for ten years on the High Court, retiring after reaching the mandatory retirement age of 70 on May 30, 2002.
On August 21, 2006, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo created an investigating body headed by Melo to probe the extrajudicial and political killings which had targeted militant activists and members of the press. The body, popularly known as the Melo Commission, rendered a report which concluded that most of the killings were instigated by the Armed Forces of the Philippines, but found no proof linking the murder of activists to a "national policy" as claimed by the left-wing groups. On the other hand, the report "linked state security forces to the murder of militants and recommended that military officials, notably retired major general Jovito Palparan, be held liable under the principle of command responsibility for killings in their areas of assignment."
In January 2008, President Macapagal-Arroyo announced the appointment of Melo as Chairman of the Commission on Elections. He succeeded Benjamin Abalos in that office.
- "Arroyo names Jose Melo as new chief of Comelec". GMA News.TV. January 26, 2008. Retrieved February 12, 2008.
- "Melo is Comelec chairman". Philippine Daily Inquirer. March 25, 2008. Retrieved March 25, 2008.
- Philippine Panorama, Sunday, January 10, 2001, page 8
- Christine Avedaño (January 30, 2008). "Palace: Melo can't assume COMELEC post yet". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved February 12, 2008.
Romeo A. Brawner
| Succeeded by|
|Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
| Succeeded by|
Conchita Carpio Morales