Jose Melo

Jose Melo
128th Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
In office
August 10, 1992  May 30, 2002
Appointed by Fidel Ramos
Preceded by Ameurfina Melencio-Herrera
Succeeded by Conchita Carpio-Morales
Chairman of the Commission on Elections
In office
March 25, 2008  January 16, 2011
Appointed by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Preceded by Romeo A. Brawner
Succeeded by Sixto Brillantes
Personal details
Born (1932-05-30) May 30, 1932
Manila, Philippine Islands
Nationality Filipino
Spouse(s) Norma Cruz Melo

Jose Armando R. Melo (born May 30, 1932) is a Filipino lawyer and jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines from 1992 to 2002. He is a former Chairman of the Commission on Elections (COMELEC), and was succeeded by election lawyer Sixto Brillantes.[1][2]

Early life and education

Melo was born in the Philippine General Hospital in Manila. He is married to Norma Cruz with whom he has 3 children: Olivia Ann, Jaime Alberto and Jorge Alfonso.

He graduated at Sta. Ana Elementary School, 1946 and at Victorino Mapa High School, 1950. He graduated Master of Laws, "Meritissimus", at UST, 1960. He passed the bar exams, in 1956, with rating of 85.5%. He began his law practice as staff member, Diokno Law Office, 1957–1962. He was legal adviser, Board of Censors for Motion Picture, 1969–1975.[3]

Judicial career

Melo obtained his law degree from the Manuel L. Quezon University in 1956. During the 1970s, he worked for the Office of the Solicitor General. In 1986, he was appointed to the Philippine Court of Appeals by President Corazon Aquino.

Melo was appointed by President Fidel Ramos to the Supreme Court on August 10, 1992. Melo served for ten years on the High Court, retiring after reaching the mandatory retirement age of 70 on May 30, 2002.

Melo Commission

See also: Political killings in the Philippines (2001-2010) (section Melo Commission).

On August 21, 2006, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo created an investigating body headed by Melo to probe the extrajudicial and political killings which had targeted militant activists and members of the press.[2] The body, popularly known as the Melo Commission, rendered a report which concluded that most of the killings were instigated by the Armed Forces of the Philippines, but found no proof linking the murder of activists to a "national policy" as claimed by the left-wing groups. On the other hand, the report "linked state security forces to the murder of militants and recommended that military officials, notably retired major general Jovito Palparan, be held liable under the principle of command responsibility for killings in their areas of assignment."[2]

Comelec appointment

In January 2008, President Macapagal-Arroyo announced the appointment of Melo as Chairman of the Commission on Elections. He succeeded Benjamin Abalos in that office.[4]


  1. "Arroyo names Jose Melo as new chief of Comelec". GMA News.TV. January 26, 2008. Retrieved February 12, 2008.
  2. 1 2 3 "Melo is Comelec chairman". Philippine Daily Inquirer. March 25, 2008. Retrieved March 25, 2008.
  3. Philippine Panorama, Sunday, January 10, 2001, page 8
  4. Christine Avedaño (January 30, 2008). "Palace: Melo can't assume COMELEC post yet". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved February 12, 2008.
Preceded by
Romeo A. Brawner
COMELEC Chairman
2008– 2011
Succeeded by
Sixto Brillantes
Preceded by
Ameurfina Melencio-Herrera
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
Succeeded by
Conchita Carpio Morales
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