Jonathan Trumbull Jr.

Jonathan Trumbull Jr.
2nd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
In office
October 24, 1791  March 4, 1793
President George Washington
Preceded by Frederick Muhlenberg
Succeeded by Frederick Muhlenberg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Connecticut's 4th district
In office
March 4, 1789  March 3, 1795
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Roger Griswold
United States Senator
from Connecticut
In office
March 4, 1795  June 10, 1796
Preceded by Stephen M. Mitchell
Succeeded by Uriah Tracy
20th Governor of Connecticut
In office
December 1, 1797  August 7, 1809
Lieutenant John Treadwell
Preceded by Oliver Wolcott
Succeeded by John Treadwell
4th Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut
In office
January 5, 1796  December 1, 1797
Governor Oliver Wolcott
Preceded by Oliver Wolcott
Succeeded by John Treadwell
Personal details
Born March 26, 1740 (1740-03-26)
Lebanon, Connecticut
Died August 7, 1809 (1809-08-08) (aged 69)
Lebanon, Connecticut
Political party Federalist
Spouse(s) Eunice Backus
Children 5
Alma mater Harvard College
Occupation Paymaster, comptroller
Religion Congregationalist

Jonathan Trumbull Jr. (March 26, 1740 – August 7, 1809) was an American politician who served as the second Speaker of the United States House of Representatives.

Early life

Trumbull was born in Lebanon, Connecticut, the second son of Jonathan Trumbull Sr. (the eventual Governor of Connecticut) and his wife Faith Robinson, daughter of Rev. John Robinson. Trumbull graduated from Harvard College in 1759, and gave the valedictory address when he received his master's degree in 1762.[1] His brother John Trumbull was a noted painter of the Revolution.


State and local office

Carrying on the family's tradition of public service, Trumbull began with town and colony offices: lister, grand juror, surveyor of highways, justice of the peace, and selectman. In 1774 he was elected deputy. the first of seven terms representing Lebanon.[2] He served in the state legislature three times; from 1774 to 1775, from 1779 to 1780, and in 1788, serving as Speaker of the House in 1788.

Revolutionary War

Trumbull served in the Continental Army as paymaster general of the Northern Department from 28 July 1775 to 29 July 1778. He was included in the general orders of June 8, 1781: "Jonathan Trumbull. Esqr., Junior, is appointed Secretary to the Commander in Chief and to be respected accordingly." He served for the duration of the war as aide-de-camp to General George Washington until 28 December 1783.[3] After the war, he became an original member of the Connecticut Society of the Cincinnati.

United States Congress

Elected to the First, Second, and Third Congresses, Trumbull served in the United States House of Representatives from March 4, 1789 to March 3, 1795.[4] He was the Speaker of the House in the Second Congress, both preceded and succeeded by Frederick A. C. Muhlenberg. He did not seek re-election for a fourth term and instead ran for the United States Senate.

When Trumbull was elected to the United States Senate, he served from March 4, 1795 to June 10, 1796.[5]

Governor of Connecticut

On June 10, 1796, he resigned from the United States Senate to become Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut. When the Governor died in December 1797, he became governor and was re-elected to eleven consecutive terms until his death in Lebanon, Connecticut.[6]

Personal life

Mrs. Jonathan Trumbull Jr. (Eunice Backus) (1749–1826)

Trumbull married Eunice Backus. As a wedding present, his father built the Jonathan Trumbull House for him and his bride. Together, they had one son and four daughters:

He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1804.[8]

Trumbull died August 7, 1809, aged 69 years and 134 days. He is interred at Trumbull Cemetery, Lebanon, Connecticut.[9] He was one the original members of the board of trustees of Bacon Academy.[10]

See also


  1. "Jonathan Trumbull Jr.". National Governors Association. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  2. "Jonathan Trumbull, Jr.". Connecticut (CT) Sons of the American Revolution. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
  3. Lefkowitz, Arthur S.(2003). George Washington's Indispensable Men: The 32 Aides-de-Camp Who Helped Win the Revolution, Stackpole Books. Page 233.
  4. "Jonathan Trumbull Jr.". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  5. "Jonathan Trumbull Jr.". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
  6. "Jonathan Trumbull Jr.". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  7. "Jonathan Trumbull, Jr.". Notable Names Data Base. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
  8. "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter B" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  9. "Jonathan Trumbull, Jr.". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  10. The Connecticut quarterly. Connecticut Quarterly Co. 1896. pp. 125–.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jonathan Trumbull, Jr..

United States House of Representatives
New district Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Connecticut's 4th congressional district

March 4, 1789 – March 3, 1795
Succeeded by
Roger Griswold
Political offices
Preceded by
Frederick Muhlenberg
Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
October 24, 1791 – March 4, 1793
Succeeded by
Frederick Muhlenberg
Preceded by
Oliver Wolcott
Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut
1796 – December 1797
Succeeded by
John Treadwell
Governor of Connecticut
December 1797 – August 7, 1809
United States Senate
Preceded by
Stephen Mix Mitchell
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Connecticut
March 4, 1795 – June 10, 1796
Served alongside: Oliver Ellsworth, James Hillhouse
Succeeded by
Uriah Tracy
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