John Walter Huddleston

Baron Huddleston.

Sir John Walter Huddleston (8 September 1815 – 5 December 1890) was an English judge, formerly a criminal lawyer who had established an eminent reputation in various causes célèbres.

As a Baron of the Exchequer (judge) of the Exchequer of pleas he was styled Baron Huddleston, in writing, Huddleston B. Soon after his appointment, the Exchequer was absorbed into the High Court of Justice and the style abolished. He sometimes referred to himself as the last of the Barons.[1]


Huddleston was the eldest son of Thomas, a Merchant Navy officer and Alethea née Hichens. He was born and educated in Dublin, ultimately attending Trinity College. Though he did not graduate, he worked for a while at a public school before entering Gray's Inn in 1836 to train as a barrister. He was called to the bar in 1839.[1]

Initially practising on the Oxford circuit specialising in poor law cases, he developed his criminal practice at the Middlesex quarter sessions and at the Old Bailey, notably in the prosecution of William Palmer. He defended William Cuffay the chartist in 1848, and secured the acquittal of Mercy Catherine Newton, on her third trial for matricide, in 1859.[2] He became a QC in 1857 and a bencher of Gray's Inn, being Treasurer in 1859 and 1868.[1]

Huddleston made several unsuccessful attempts to enter politics, ultimately being elected as Conservative Member of Parliament for Canterbury in 1865. He lost his seat in 1868 but won again in Norwich in 1874.[1]

Huddleston was Judge Advocate of the Fleet from 1865 to 1875,[3] alongside appointment as a serjeant-at-law and the receiving of a knighthood. He was also made a judge of the Court of Common Pleas, which position was almost immediately transferred to the Exchequer and then to the Exchequer Division of the High Court. Huddleston's reputation as a judge never matched his standing as an advocate.[1] As a judge, he was opinionated and unafraid to exert a strong influence on juries. He was reputed to wear colour-coded gloves to court: black for murder, lavender for breach of promise of marriage and white for more conventional cases.[4]

In 1884 Huddleston was judge at first instance in the leading maritime case of R v. Dudley and Stephens involving murder, cannibalism and the defence of necessity. He was further central to engineering the judicially approved guilty verdict against the instincts of the jury.[5]

He suffered from chronic ill health during the last decade of his life before he died in South Kensington. He was cremated at Brookwood Cemetery, Woking.[1]

Private life

In 1872 he married Diana de Vere Beauclerk (1842–1905), daughter of William Beauclerk, 9th Duke of St Albans. Huddleston enjoyed theatre and horse racing. He was well read and fluent in French, giving an oration at the funeral of Pierre Antoine Berryer.[1]


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Rigg (2004)
  2. Rigg (1891)
  3. Sainty 1975, p. 80
  4. Simpson (1984) p. 196
  5. Simpson (1984) pp. 195–223


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Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir William Somerville, Bt
Henry Munro-Butler-Johnstone
Member of Parliament for Canterbury
With: Henry Munro-Butler-Johnstone
Succeeded by
Theodore Henry Brinckman
Henry Munro-Butler-Johnstone
Preceded by
Sir William Russell, Bt
Jeremiah James Colman
Member of Parliament for Norwich
1874 – 1875
With: Jeremiah James Colman
Succeeded by
Jacob Henry Tillett
Jeremiah James Colman
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