Guare at the 2009 premiere of PoliWood
February 5, 1938|
New York City, New York, U.S.
Yale School of Drama
|Notable works||The House of Blue Leaves; Six Degrees of Separation|
John Guare (rhymes with "air"; born February 5, 1938) is an Irish American playwright. He is best known as the author of The House of Blue Leaves, Six Degrees of Separation, and Landscape of the Body. His style, which mixes comic invention with an acute sense of the failure of human relations and aspirations, is at once cruel and deeply compassionate. In his foreword to a collection of Guare's plays, film director Louis Malle writes:
Guare practices a humor that is synonymous with lucidity, exploding genre and clichés, taking us to the core of human suffering: the awareness of corruption in our own bodies, death circling in. We try to fight it all by creating various mythologies, and it is Guare's peculiar aptitude for exposing these grandiose lies of ours that makes his work so magical.
Guare was born in New York City and raised in Jackson Heights, Queens. He was raised a Roman Catholic, but is apparently now a lapsed Catholic. He was educated at St. John's Preparatory School and Georgetown University (BA, 1960), where in 1958 he contributed a song to an original musical revue entitled The Natives Are Restless and presented by the Mask and Bauble Dramatic Society. The song humorously attributed the success of many famous people to the syllable "O" in their names.
Under the direction of Donn B. Murphy, his play The Toadstool Boy, about a country singer's quest for fame, won first place in the District of Columbia Recreation Department's One-Act-Play competition.
In 1949 his father suffered a heart attack and subsequently moved the family to Ellenville, New York while he recovered. His father's beloved Aunt Teen and other relatives lived there, making it an idyllic experience for him. Guare did not regularly attend school in Ellenville because the school's daily practices were not in keeping with the recommendations of the Catholic Church, causing his father to suspect the school had communist leanings. Instead of attending school, Guare was assigned home study and took exams intermittently, which allowed him time to go to the movies and see all the hits of the time. This had a lasting influence on Guare, and his career, later in life.
In 1960, the Mask and Bauble presented The Thirties Girl, a musical for which Guare did the book, much of the music and the lyrics, again under Murphy's tutelage. Set in Hollywood's turbulent 1920s, it dealt with the dethronement of a reigning diva by a fresh-faced starlet.
Guare went on to the Yale School of Drama, receiving the M.F.A in Playwriting in 1963.
Guare's early plays, mostly comic one-acts exhibiting a flair for the absurd, include To Wally Pantoni, We Leave a Credenza, produced at Caffe Cino in 1965 and Muzeeka (1968).
The House of Blue Leaves, a domestic drama by turns wildly comic and despairingly poignant, premiered Off-Broadway in 1971 at the Truck and Warehouse Theatre. It was revived Off-Broadway at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in 1986 before transferring to Broadway later in 1986. The play was revived on Broadway in 2011, starring Ben Stiller, whose mother, Anne Meara had appeared in the 1971 production. According to Marilyn Stasio, writing in Variety the play "sets the bar for smart comic lunacy."
Chaucer in Rome, "said to be a sequel of sorts to...'The House of Blue Leaves' and includes the son of one of the earlier play's characters" received its world premiere at the Williamstown Theatre Festival in July 1999 and was produced Off-Broadway in 2001 at Lincoln Center Theater's Newhouse Theater.
Later plays include Marco Polo Sings a Solo, produced at the Joseph Papp Public Theater/New York Shakespeare Festival in January to March 1977, with a cast that featured Joel Grey, Anne Jackson, Madeline Kahn, and Sigourney Weaver. Bosoms and Neglect was produced on Broadway in 1979, and revived Off-Broadway in 1998 by the Signature Theatre Company. Moon Over Miami was produced at the Williamstown Theatre Festival in 1987 and then at the Yale Repertory Theatre, New Haven in February 1989.
Guare’s cycle of plays on nineteenth-century America are: Gardenia (1982) Lydie Breeze (1982) and Women and Water (1985). The so-called Lydie Breeze series, also called the "Nantucket" series "follows a group of idealistic 19th century characters and their attempts to create a utopian society. "
Six Degrees of Separation was originally produced Off-Broadway at the Lincoln Center Theater, Newhouse Theatre in June 1990. Six Degrees of Separation is an intricately plotted comedy of manners about an African-American confidence man who poses as the son of film star Sidney Poitier. It has been the most highly praised and widely produced of Guare's full-length plays. It was made into a film in 1993, starring Stockard Channing and Will Smith.
Lake Hollywood (1999) and A Few Stout Individuals (2002) both received their world premieres at Signature Theatre. A Few Stout Individuals is set in nineteenth century America, with a cast of characters that includes Ulysses S. Grant, Mark Twain, soprano Adelina Patti and the Emperor and Empress of Japan.
Guare has also been involved with musical theatre. His libretto with Mel Shapiro for the musical Two Gentlemen of Verona was a success when it premiered in 1971 and was revived in 2005 at the Public Theater's Shakespeare in the Park. It won the two men the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Book of a Musical. He wrote the songs for Landscape of the Body. Guare wrote narration for Psyche, a tone poem by César Franck, which premiered at Avery Fisher Hall in October 1997, conducted by Kurt Masur with the New York Philharmonic.
He revised the book (uncredited) of the Cole Porter musical comedy, Kiss Me, Kate for its 1999 Broadway revival. He wrote the book for the musical Sweet Smell of Success (musical), which premiered on Broadway in 2002, for which he received a 2002 Tony Award nomination, Book of a Musical.
His play A Free Man of Color was a finalist for the 2011 Pulitzer Prize for Drama. The Pulitzer citation said: "An audacious play spread across a large historical canvas, dealing with serious subjects while retaining a playful intellectual buoyancy."
He was an original member in 1965 of the Eugene O'Neill Theater Center in Waterford, Connecticut and Resident Playwright at the New York Shakespeare Festival, during which time he wrote Landscape of the Body, Rich and Famous, and Marco Polo Sings a Solo
He is a council member of the Dramatists Guild.
He is Co-Executive Editor of the Lincoln Center Theater Review, which he founded in 1987. He co-produces the New Plays Reading Room Series at the Lincoln Center Library for the Performing Arts and teaches in the Playwriting department at the Yale School of Drama.
Gregory Mosher, formerly the artistic director of Lincoln Center Theatre, said that Guare, "along with David Mamet, Sam Shepard and a handful of other dramatists, reshaped the face of contemporary American theater over the past quarter century."
All plays for the stage unless otherwise noted.
- 1971: The House of Blue Leaves
- 1971: Two Gentlemen of Verona
- 1974: Rich and Famous
- 1977: Landscape of the Body
- 1977: Marco Polo Sings a Solo – Off-Broadway
- 1979: Bosoms and Neglect
- 1980: Atlantic City (screenplay)
- 1982: Lydie Breeze
- 1982: Gardenia
- 1985: Women and Water
- 1986: The Race to Urga
- 1990: Six Degrees of Separation
- 1992: Four Baboons Adoring the Sun – Broadway (Vivian Beaumont Theatre)
- 1999: Lake Hollywood – Off-Broadway
- 2001: Chaucer in Rome
- 2002: A Few Stout Individuals
- 2010: A Free Man of Color – Broadway (Vivian Beaumont Theater)
- 2011: Erased/Elżbieta
- 2012: Are You There, McPhee? – McCarter Theatre
- 2013: 3 Kinds of Exile – Off-Broadway
Awards and honors
- Muzeeka won an Obie for Distinguished Play in 1968.
- The House of Blue Leaves won the New York Drama Critics’ Circle Award for Best American Play in 1971 and the 1971 Obie Award, Best American Play; it won four Tony Awards for its 1986 revival at Lincoln Center Theater.
- Two Gentlemen of Verona won both the Tony Award and the New York Drama Critics Circle Award for Best Musical in 1972. Guare also received the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Lyrics and Book.
- Six Degrees of Separation won an Obie Award, the New York Drama Critics Circle Award, and London’s Olivier Award for Best Play; it was a finalist for the 1991 Pulitzer Prize for Drama.
- Guare received the Award of Merit in 1981 from the American Academy of Arts and Letters for his plays The House of Blue Leaves, Rich and Famous, Marco Polo Sings a Solo, Landscape of the Body and Bosoms and Neglect. He received the Gold Medal in 2004.
- In 1989, the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters elected him a member.
- In 1993 he was elected to the Theatre Hall of Fame.
- In 1996 he received the New York State Governor’s Arts Award.
- The Signature Theatre honored him with a season 1998 – 1999.
- In 1999 he was honored at the William Inge Festival.
- In 2003 he received the PEN/Laura Pels International Foundation for Theater Award for a Master American Dramatist.
- Guare received an honorary Master of Fine Arts degree from A.C.T. Conservatory, San Francisco, in May 2009.
- Guare received the Dramatists Guild Lifetime Achievement Award, from the Dramatists Guild, in 2014.
He is married to Adele Chatfield-Taylor, an historic preservationist; she is president of the American Academy in Rome.
- John Guare. Three Exposures. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1982. ISBN 9780151901784. Page viii.
- Plunka, Gene A., "Chapter 1", The Black Comedy of John Guare, University of Delaware Press, 2002, ISBN 0874137632, pp 26–27, 29
- Muzeeka lortel.org, accessed November 14, 2015
- "'Cop-out' Broadway" playbillvault.com, accessed November 15, 2015
- Simonson, Robert. "FRINGE WATCH: John Guare's 'Cop-Out' Gets Rare Staging" Playbill, August 1, 2000
- "'The House of Blue Leaves' Broadway 1986" playbillvault.com, accessed November 16, 2015
- Gans, Andrew. "'House of Blue Leaves' Revival, With Ben Stiller and Edie Falco, Begins on Broadway April 4" playbill.com, April 4, 2011
- Stasio, Marilyn. "Review: ‘The House of Blue Leaves’" Variety, April 25, 2011
- Simonson, Robert. "Guare's 'Chaucer in Rome' Opens at Lincoln Center Theater, June 7" Playbill, June 7, 2001
- Simonson, Robert. "John Guare's 'Chaucer in Rome' Ends Williamstown Run Aug. 8" Playbill, August 6, 1999
- " Chaucer in Rome Listing" lct.org, accessed June 30, 2015
- Curry, Jane Kathleen. John Guare: A Research and Production Sourcebook, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002, ISBN 0313312524, p. 3, 178
- Rich, Frank. "Stage. Guare's 'Gardenia' Antedates His 'Lydie'" New York Times, April 29, 1982
- Rich, Frank. "Stage: Guare's 'Lydie Breeze'" New York Times, February 26, 1982
- Gussow, Mel. "Stage. Guare Chronicle 'Women and Water'" New York Times, December 8, 1985
- Haun, Harry; Lefkowitz, David; and Simonson, Ribert. "NY's Signature Opens OB Season with a Guare Solo, Sept. 27-Oct. 25" Playbill, September 26, 1998
- "'Six Degrees of Separation' 1990" lortel.org, accessed November 16, 2015
- "'Six Degrees Of Separation' Film Overview" tcm.com, accessed November 16, 2015
- "'Four Baboons Adoring the Sun' Broadway" playbillvault.com, accessed November 15, 2015
- Jones, Kenneth. "John Guare's Latest, 'A Few Stout Individuals', Opens Off-Bway May 12" Playbill, May 12, 2002
- Brantley, Ben. "Gold Lamé Dreams Dashed by Polyester Reality in 'Landscape of the Body'" New York Times, April 17, 2006
- TommasIni, Anthoiny. "Classical Music. Spelling Out The Musical Tale of 'Psyche'" New York Times, October 5, 1997
- Jones, Kenneth. "The Stars Fill the Sky: 'Kiss Me, Kate' Revival Opens on Bway Nov. 18" Playbill, November 18, 1999
- "'Sweet Smell of Success' Broadway" playbillvault.com, accessed November 14, 2015
- "Pulitzer Prize for Drama" pulitzer.org, accessed November 15, 2015
- Atlantic City tcm.com, accessed November 14, 2015
- Cattaneo, Anne. "John Guare, The Art of Theater No. 9. Interview" The Paris Review, Winter 1992, accessed November 14, 2015
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- "Magazine: LCT Review" lct.org, accessed November 15, 2015
- "Events, Upcoming January 11, 2016" thesegalcenter.org, accessed November 15, 2015
- Herman, Jan. "Writer's Gift Measured by 'Degrees'" Los Angeles Times, November 2, 1996
- Sommer, Elyse. "A CurtainUp Review. 'Marco Polo Sings a Solo'" curtainup.com, September 28, 1998
- "'Marco Polo Sings a Solo' 1977" lortel.org
- Sommer, Elyse. "A CurtainUp Review. 'Lake Hollywood'" CurtainUp, May 6, 1999
- "'A Free Man of Color' Broadway" playbillvault.com, accessed November 15, 2015
- Gans, Andrew. "'Private Lives' Paul Gross Will Star in World Premiere of John Guare's' Are You There, McPhee?'" Playbill, April 12, 2012
- Hetrick, Adam. "John Guare Makes Acting Debut in His New Play '3 Kinds of Exile', Beginning May 15 at the Atlantic" Playbill, May 15, 2013
- "Obies Search" villagevoice.com, accessed November 14, 2015
- "'The House of Blue Leaves' 1971" lortel.org, accessed November 15, 2015
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- "'Two Gentlemen of Verona' Broadway Production" playbillvault.com, accessed November 15, 2015
- "Pulitzer Prize for Drama" pulitzer.org, accessed November 15, 2015
- "Award of Merit" artsandletters.org, accessed November 15, 2015
- "Awards" artsandletters.org, accessed November 14, 2015
- "Christo, Guare Elected to Institute" Los Angeles Times, March 3, 1989
- "Who's in the Theatre Hall of Fame" Playbill, June 12, 1996
- Viagas, Robert and Lefkowitz, David. "NY's Signature Will Devote 1998–99 Season to John Guare" Playbill, May 15, 1998
- "Past Festivals by Year and Honoree" ingecenter.org, accessed November 14, 2015
- Hernandez, Ernio. "Playwrights John Guare and Craig Lucas Win Annual PEN/ Laura Pels Award for Drama" Playbill, May 5, 2003
- "A.C.T. Grants Honorary MFA Degrees To Tracy Chapman & John Guare 5/11" broadwayworld.com, May 11, 2009
- Purcell, Carey. "John Guare, Christopher Durang and More Will Be Honored at Dramatists Guild of America Awards" Playbill, February 11, 2014
- "John Guare Off-Broadway Database
- Anne Cattaneo (Winter 1992). "John Guare, The Art of Theater No. 9". The Paris Review.
- John Guare at the Internet Movie Database
- Biography at theatredatabase.com
- John Guare with poster for his Caffe Cino production
- John Guare Papers at Yale University Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.