Johann Ulrich Schiess

Johann Ulrich Schiess
3rd Chancellor of Switzerland
In office
Preceded by Karl Nikolaus von Flüe AmRhyn
Succeeded by Gottlieb Ringier
Personal details
Born 21 February 1813
Wald, Switzerland
Died 6 July 1883 (1883-07-07) (aged 70)
Bern, Switzerland
Alma mater University of Bâle
University of Jena
University of Berlin
University of Göttingen
Religion Reformed

Johann Ulrich Schiess (born 21 February 1813 in Wald, Switzerland) was a Swiss politician who served as the third Chancellor of Switzerland.

After having studied at the University of Bâle, he successively studied at Jena, Berlin, and Göttingen, where he obtained a doctorate in 1835. He was a member of the Jenaischen fraternity.

Beginning his working life as an archivist, he became a magistrate from 1836 to 1839 and was elected Chancellor of State of the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden (1839-1847). In July 1847, he learned from the newspapers of his appointment as Secretary of State of the Confederacy and took office in November 1847. He also acted as the Federal Chancellor after the resignation of Franz Josef Karl Amrhyn in the Sonderbund crisis.

In the autumn of 1848, the Diet formally elected Schiess as the first Chancellor of the Confederation following the adoption of the Federal Constitution of 1848, a position he held for 33 years. He was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Jena in 1862. The Federal Council entrusted him several times with diplomatic missions to neighbouring countries. Following his tenure as Chancellor, he was elected to the National Council as a representative of the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden, serving until his death in 1883 from a stroke.


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