Jerome Isaac Friedman

For the Louisiana state legislator, see J. Isaac Friedman.
Jerome Isaac Friedman

Jerry Friedman in June, 2016, Valencia, Spain
Born (1930-03-28) March 28, 1930
Chicago, Illinois
Nationality United States
Fields Physics
Institutions MIT
Alma mater University of Chicago
Doctoral advisor Enrico Fermi
Known for Experimental proof of quarks
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physics (1990)
Spouse Tania Letetsky-Baranovsky (m. 1956; 4 children)[1]

Jerome Isaac Friedman (born March 28, 1930) is an American physicist. He is Institute Professor and Professor of Physics, Emeritus, at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He won the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physics along with Henry Kendall and Richard Taylor, for work showing an internal structure for protons later known to be quarks. Dr. Friedman currently sits on the Board of Sponsors of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.

Life and career

Born in Chicago, Illinois to Lillian (née Warsaw) and Selig Friedman, a sewing machine salesman, Friedman's Jewish[2] parents emigrated to the U.S. from Russia. Jerome Friedman excelled in art but became interested in physics after reading a book on relativity written by Albert Einstein. He turned down a scholarship to the Art Institute of Chicago in order to study physics at the University of Chicago. Whilst there he worked under Enrico Fermi, and eventually received his Ph.D in physics in 1956. In 1960 he joined the physics faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

In 1968-69, commuting between MIT and California, he conducted experiments with Henry W. Kendall and Richard E. Taylor at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center which gave the first experimental evidence that protons had an internal structure, later known to be quarks. For this, Friedman, Kendall and Taylor shared the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physics. He is an Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Prof. Friedman is a member of the Board of Sponsors of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.[3]

In 2008, Friedman received an honorary Ph.D from the University of Belgrade. He is an honorary professor at the University of Belgrade's Faculty of Physics[4] and the Faculty's world-famous institutes: Institute of Physics,[5] Institute of Physics, Zemun[5] and Vinca Nuclear Institute.[6]

In 2003 he was one of 22 Nobel Laureates who signed the Humanist Manifesto.[7] He is an atheist.[8]



See also


  1. Nobel Prize winners: Supplement, 1987-1991 : an H.W. Wilson biographical dictionary, Volume 2. Google Books. H.W. Wilson Co. 1992. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  2. "Jewish Laureates of Nobel Prize in Physics". Jewish Laureates of Nobel Prize in Physics. Israel Science and Technology Homepage. 2013. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  3. "Board of Sponsors". Board of Sponsors. Bulletin of Atomic Scientists. 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2014.
  4. "Faculty of Physics". University of Belgrade. 2014. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  5. 1 2 "Institute of Physics Belgrade". University of Belgrade. 2014. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  6. "Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences". University of Belgrade. Retrieved June 4, 2014.
  7. "Notable Signers". Humanism and its Aspirations. American Humanist Association. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
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